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Association of Surfing Professionals

Association of Surfing Professionals
ASP
File:World Surf League Logo.png
Template:If empty
Sport Professional Surfing
Founded 1982
Location Santa Monica, CA, United States
Chairman

CEO = Paul Speaker, CFO = Chris Payne, Chief Operating Officer = Matt McCabe, Chief Marketing & Strategy Officer = Graham Stapelberg, Chief Commercial Officer = Mark Noonan, SVP of Programming & Executive Producer = Jed Pearson, ASP Commissioner = Kieren Perrow, Deputy Commissioners = Jessi Miley-Dyer and Peter Mel, ASP WCT Manager Renato Hickel, ASP Tour Manager Al Hunt, ASP Judging Team = Head Judge Richie Porta

[1]
Official website
www.aspworldtour.com

The Association of Surfing Professionals (ASP) is the governing body for professional surfers and is dedicated to showcasing the world’s best talent in a variety of progressive formats.[2]

In 2013, the ASP was acquired by ZoSea, backed by Paul Speaker, Terry Hardy, and Dirk Ziff.[3] At the start of the 2015 season, the ASP changed its name to the World Surf League (WSL).[4]

History

Predecessors to the ASP

  • 1964 to 1972, International Surfing Federation (ISF) held the World Surfing Championships as a single event every two years and was open to all comers.
  • 1973 to 1975, Smirnoff World Pro-Am Surfing Championships, occasionally referred to as the de facto professional world championship because the International Surfing Federation had been unable to establish a format or sponsorship so no official amateur championships were held between 1973 and 1975.
  • 1976 to 1982, International Professional Surfers (IPS) was the original world governing body of professional surfing.

The predecessors of the ASP relates to what organization predominantly represented individual professional surfers at that time. This is an important point because the International Surfing Federation (ISF) still functions to this day as the International Surfing Association (ISA) and also refers to competition winners as world champions (or variants thereof).[5][6]

Creation of the WSL

Ian Cairns watched the demise of the IPS commence throughout 1982 and saw an opportunity. In January 1983, Cairns launched the ASP and lured the world circuit organizers to the new organization, which effectively pushed aside the IPS who were left to operate only the Hawaiian pro events. By December 1984, the ASP had sanctioned the IPS controlled Pipeline Masters as a specialty event available to ASP members to enter for the first time.[7] The ASP has remained the predominant surfing organization and sanctioning body for professional surfers since its formation.

The ASP's first world champions were Tom Carroll (men's) and Kim Mearig (women's) in 1983.

ASP Membership

Membership to the ASP is only available to individuals.[8]

ASP Sanctioned Tours

  • ASP World Tour (consisting of ASP World Title Race, ASP PRIME and ASP Star events);
  • ASP Women’s World Tour (consisting of ASP World Title Race and ASP Star events);
  • ASP World Longboard Tour
  • ASP Women’s World Longboard Tour and
  • ASP World Junior Tour.[9][10]
  • ASP World Big Wave Tour
  • World Surf League = 2015

ASP World Title Race

The ASP World Title Race is used to determine the ASP World Title and the ASP Women’s World Title. The winner is referred to as the ASP World Tour Champion.[11]

In 2012, the ASP World Title is given to the surfer with the most accumulated points from their respective best 8 results from the 10 ASP World Tour events (ASP Prime and Star events excluded).[12][13]

In 2012, the ASP Women’s World Title is given to the surfer with the most accumulated points from their respective best 6 results from the 7 ASP Women’s World Tour events (ASP Star Events excluded).[12]

ASP World Tour & ASP Women's World Tour

The ASP World Tour is the men's elite competition consisting of the best 34 professional surfers competing in 11 events (as of 2014).[12][14]

The ASP Women's World Tour is the women's elite competition consisting of the best 17 professional surfers competing in 10 events (as of 2014).[12][14]

Event results are converted to points and count towards the ASP World Title Race and the ultimate prize of being called the ASP World Tour Champion.

ASP Prime & ASP Star events

An ASP Prime event is held at premium venues with a restricted field and offers Prime ASP World Rankings points.[15]

An ASP Star event is a lower level of competition, compared to an ASP Prime event, with their importance indicated by how many stars they are assigned: more stars means generally better competition and prize money.[15]

ASP World Ranking

ASP World Tour and ASP Women's World Tour surfers accumulate points from each ASP World Tour, ASP Prime (ASP World Tour only) and ASP Star event they compete in which count towards their ASP World Ranking. Accumulated points are valid for 12 months from the final date of the scheduled event in which they were earned.[15]

Promotion & Relegation

ASP World Ranking determines the promotion or relegation of surfers.

2012 Tours

The qualifiers for the 2012 ASP World Tour top 34 surfers was determined using a Rotation Points system.[15]

The qualifiers for the 2012 ASP Women's World Tour was determined by a surfer's rank at the conclusion of the 2011 Tour. The top 10 re-qualified for 2012 and the remaining 7 places were taken from the ASP Star Ranking.[15]

2013 Tours

The qualifiers for the 2013 ASP World Tour top 34 surfers will consist of:

  • Top 22 surfers from 2012 ASP World Title Rankings;
  • Top 10 surfers from 2012 ASP World Rankings (those who haven’t already qualified in the above) and
  • 2 ASP wildcards.

Source

Rules

Judging

In contests surfers will be scored on a scale of 0.1 to 10.0, these scores will be broken up into increments of one-tenth. The following scale can be used to relate descriptions with the score:

  • 0–1.9 = Poor
  • 2.0–3.9 = Fair
  • 4.0–5.9 = Average;
  • 6.0–7.9 = Good
  • 8.0–10.0 = Excellent

Judging criteria

Judges will base the previous score on how successfully surfers display these following elements in each wave:

  • Commitment and degree of difficulty
  • Innovative and progressive maneuvers
  • Combination of major maneuvers
  • Variety of maneuvers
  • Speed, power and flow

These elements may be weighted differently from day to day and event to event, depending upon on the surfing conditions and the type of breaking wave at each event location. This criterion is different from in longboarding competitions. All of this is focused on creating some type consistency that can be seen throughout the many different events.[16]

The events themselves are previously declared 1-6 star events; among other things this ranking shows what numbers of judges which are required at the event. A 1-3 star events are required to have a six judge panel with four judges on each heat. A 4-6 Star event requires seven judges with five of those judges on each heat. At 5-6 star events and prime events there is only allowed to be 3 judges from any one region. This is then limited to two at any world title events. All events also require an ASP approved head judge who has the ability to make corrections to errors or any other events that may have affected the results.[17]

Rules

There are many rules out in the water that all revolve around the idea of right of way. A surfer has the right of way if he or she is closer to the area where the wave is breaking, this is more commonly referred to as having the inside position. If another surfer takes off in front of the surfer that has the inside position, then interference will be called, and penalties will be enacted. In most circumstances it does not matter who stood up first but who has the inside position.[17]

A surfer can also be found guilty of interference if they catch more than their maximum amount of waves in a heat and that this takes away from the other competitors ability to catch waves. A competitor is also not allowed to interfere with another competitor’s paddling and maneuvering for a wave.[17]

The rules of right of way vary slightly with the type of break. Point Breaks will always have a consistent direct of what is inside, that is, the person further up the line will have right of way. In a single peak situation where there is both a left and a right two people are able to be on the wave at the same time, provided that one goes left and one goes right and that neither crosses the path of the other to go one direction. If this does happen then, the surfer who stood up first will get the right of way. On a multi-peaked wave where the wave eventually comes together, both peaks can be surfed until the surfers come together. When they do the surfer who stood up first has right of way, and the other must maneuver to get off the wave without interrupting the other surfer.[17]

In a one-on-one competition, priority can be declared by the Head Judge. Once the person with priority has paddled for a wave priority is then turned over to the next person until that person does the same. The person with second priority can paddle for waves as long as it does not interfere with the other person who will lose their priority only if they catch a wave.[17]

A surfer who has already taken off or obtained possession of a wave maintains this position until the end of their ride. If another surfer takes off on the inside of this surfer, then this person does not obtain priority and is considered to be snaking. If this surfer does not hurt the other surfers ride, then both people can be scored based. If the judges determine that the snaking did interfere then the person will be penalized. Interference penalties are called by the judges and must have a majority to be declared an actual penalty. Interference are shown as triangles on the score cards in various different ways depending on when or where in the heat they were made. If three or more waves are being scored than one wave will be dropped off the score card. If only the top two waves are being scored, then 50% of the second best-scored wave will be taken off. If a surfer has more than one then 50% of the best waves score will be taken off also. The surfer who has been interfered with will be allowed an additional wave to their maximum as long as it is within the time limit. If a surfer interferes more than twice in a heat then they must leave the competition area.[17]

ASP World Tour Champions

Source

Year ASP World Tour[18][19] ASP Women's World Tour[19][20]
Name Points Name Points
2015
2014 23x15px Gabriel Medina (BRA) 62,800 23x15px Stephanie Gilmore[6] (AUS) 64,200
2013 23x15px Mick Fanning[3] (AUS) 54,400 23x15px Carissa Moore[2] (HAW) 59,500
2012 23x15px Joel Parkinson (AUS) 58,700 23x15px Stephanie Gilmore[5] (AUS) 48,400
2011 23x15px Kelly Slater[11] (USA) 68,100 23x15px Carissa Moore (HAW) 55,000
2010 23x15px Kelly Slater[10] (USA) 69,000 23x15px Stephanie Gilmore[4] (AUS) 7,284
2009 23x15px Mick Fanning [2] (AUS) 7,140 23x15px Stephanie Gilmore[3] (AUS) 6,169
2008 23x15px Kelly Slater[9] (USA) 8,042 23x15px Stephanie Gilmore[2] (AUS) 7,188
2007 23x15px Mick Fanning (AUS) 8,136 23x15px Stephanie Gilmore (AUS) 6,708
2006 23x15px Kelly Slater [8] (USA) 8,124 23x15px Layne Beachley[7] (AUS) 6,374
2005 23x15px Kelly Slater [7] (USA) 7,962 23x15px Chelsea Georgeson (AUS) 7,080
2004 23x15px Andy Irons [3] (HAW) 7,824 23x15px Sofia Mulanovich (PER) 5,484
2003 23x15px Andy Irons [2] (HAW) 8,964 23x15px Layne Beachley [6] (AUS) 3,696
2002 23x15px Andy Irons (HAW) 8,102 23x15px Layne Beachley [5] (AUS) 3,200
2001 23x15px C. J. Hobgood (USA) 3,094 23x15px Layne Beachley [4] (AUS) 1,760
2000 23x15px Sunny Garcia (HAW) 7,270 23x15px Layne Beachley [3] (AUS) 5,730
1999 23x15px Mark Occhilupo (AUS) 7,120 23x15px Layne Beachley [2] (AUS) 8,080
1998 23x15px Kelly Slater [6] (USA) 6,398 23x15px Layne Beachley (AUS) 7,920
1997 23x15px Kelly Slater [5] (USA) 8,260 23x15px Lisa Andersen[4] (USA) 8,520
1996 23x15px Kelly Slater [4] (USA) 9,540 23x15px Lisa Andersen[3] (USA) 12,750
1995 23x15px Kelly Slater [3] (USA) 6,040 23x15px Lisa Andersen [2] (USA) 12,920
1994 23x15px Kelly Slater [2] (USA) 6,660 23x15px Lisa Andersen (USA) 7,650
1993 23x15px Derek Ho (HAW) 5,510 23x15px Pauline Menczer (AUS) 7,080
1992 23x15px Kelly Slater (USA) 7,765 23x15px Wendy Botha [4] (AUS) 10,205
1991 23x15px Damien Hardman [2] (AUS) 12,854 23x15px Wendy Botha [3] (AUS) 7,424
1990 23x15px Tom Curren [3] (USA) 17,612 23x15px Pam Burridge (AUS) 14,440
1989 23x15px Martin Potter (UK) 20,665 23x15px Wendy Botha [2] (AUS) 14,380
1988 23x15px Barton Lynch (AUS) 17,475 23x15px Freida Zamba [4] (USA) 7,960
1987/88 23x15px Damien Hardman (AUS) 13,690 23x15px Wendy Botha (RSA) 8,220
1986/87 23x15px Tom Curren [2] (USA) 13,115 23x15px Freida Zamba [3] (USA) 9,230
1985/86 23x15px Tom Curren (USA) 11,490 23x15px Freida Zamba [2] (USA) 5,320
1984/85 23x15px Tom Carroll[2] (AUS) 9,460.38 23x15px Freida Zamba (USA) 3,400
1983/84 23x15px Tom Carroll (AUS) 6,830 23x15px Kim Mearig (USA) 3,125
IPS World Circuit
1982 23x15px Mark Richards [5] (AUS) 6,917 23x15px Debbie Beacham (USA) 3,059.14
1981 23x15px Mark Richards [4] (AUS) 6,211.52 23x15px Margo Oberg[3] (HAW) 3,850
1980 23x15px Mark Richards [3] (AUS) 6,890 23x15px Margo Oberg [2] (HAW) 2,000
1979 23x15px Mark Richards [2] (AUS) 6,781.14 23x15px Lynn Boyer[2] (HAW) 3,722.50
1978 23x15px Wayne Bartholomew (AUS) 5,749.25 23x15px Lynn Boyer (HAW) 3,986.14
1977 23x15px Shaun Tomson (RSA) 5,948.3 23x15px Margo Oberg (HAW) 4,850
1976 23x15px Peter Townend (AUS) 5,593
Smirnoff World Pro-Am Surfing Championships
1975 23x15px Mark Richards (AUS)
1974 23x15px Reno Abellira (USA)
1973 23x15px Ian Cairns (AUS)
ISF World Surfing Championships
1972 - San Diego, USA 23x15px James Blears (USA) 23x15px Sharon Webber (USA)
1970 - Torquay / Lorne / Johanna, AUS 23x15px Rolf Aurness (USA) 23x15px Sharon Webber (USA)
1968 - Rincon, Puerto Rico, PR 23x15px Fred Hemmings (USA) 23x15px Margo Godfrey (USA)
1966 - San Diego, USA 23x15px Nat Young (AUS) 23x15px Joyce Hoffman (USA)
1965 - Punta Rocas, Peru 23x15px Felipe Pomar (PER) 23x15px Joyce Hoffman (USA)
1964 - Manly, AUS 23x15px Midget Farrelly (AUS) 23x15px Phyllis O'Donnell (AUS)

ASP World Longboard Tour Champions

Source [21]

Year ASP World Longboard Tour[10][22][23][24] ASP Women’s World Longboard Tour[10][22][23][24]
Name Points Name Points
2014 23x15px Harley Ingleby[2] (AUS) - 23x15px Chelsea Williams (AUS) -
2013 23x15px Piccolo Clemente (PER) - 23x15px Kelia Moniz[2] (HAW) -
2012 23x15px Taylor Jensen[2] (USA) - 23x15px Kelia Moniz (HAW) -
2011 23x15px Taylor Jensen (USA) 16,000 23x15px Lindsay Steinriede (USA) 15,200
2010 23x15px Duane DeSoto (HAW) 23x15px Cori Schumacher[2] (USA)
2009 23x15px Harley Ingleby (AUS) 23x15px Jennifer Smith[2] (USA)
2008 23x15px Bonga Perkins (HAW) 23x15px Joy Monahan (HAW)
2007 23x15px Phil Rajzman (BRA) 23x15px Jennifer Smith (USA)
2006 23x15px Josh Constable (AUS) 23x15px Schuyler McFerran (USA)
2005 File:Cancelled cross.svg Cancelled 23x15px Kristy Murphy (USA)
2004 23x15px Joel Tudor [2] (USA) 23x15px Summer Romero (USA)
2003 23x15px Beau Young [2] (AUS) 23x15px Daize Shayne[2] (USA)
2002 23x15px Colin McPhillips [3] (USA) 23x15px Kim Hamrock (USA)
2001 23x15px Colin McPhillips [2] (USA) 23x15px Cori Schumacher [2] (USA)
2000 23x15px Beau Young (AUS) 23x15px Cori Schumacher (USA)
1999 23x15px Colin McPhillips (USA) 23x15px Daize Shayne (USA)
1998 23x15px Joel Tudor (USA)
1997 23x15px Dino Miranda (HAW)
1996 23x15px Bonga Perkins (HAW)
1995 23x15px Rusty Keaulana [3] (HAW)
1994 23x15px Rusty Keaulana [2] (HAW)
1993 23x15px Rusty Keaulana (HAW)
1992 23x15px Joey Hawkins (USA)
1991 23x15px Martin McMillan (AUS)
1990 23x15px Nat Young [4] (AUS)
1989 23x15px Nat Young [3] (AUS)
1988 23x15px Nat Young [2] (AUS)
1987/88 23x15px Stuart Entwistle (AUS)
1986/87 23x15px Nat Young (AUS)

Multiple World Championships

Source

Surfer Gender World Tour(WCT)
(Men & Women)
Junior (WJC)
(Boys & Girls)
Longboard (WLT)
(Men & Women)
Masters Grandmasters Total
23x15px Kelly Slater (USA) Male 11 - - - - 11
23x15px Layne Beachley (AUS) Female 7 - - - - 7
23x15px Mark Richards (AUS) Male 5 - - - 1 6
23x15px Nat Young (AUS) Male 1 - 4 - - 5
23x15px Stephanie Gilmore (AUS) Female 6 - - - - 6
23x15px Lisa Andersen (USA) Female 4 - - - - 4
23px 23px Wendy Botha (RSA) (AUS) Female 4 - - - - 4
23x15px Freida Zamba (USA) Female 4 - - - - 4
23x15px Andy Irons (HAW) Male 3 1 - - - 4
23x15px Margo Oberg (HAW) Female 3 - - - - 3
23x15px Tom Curren (USA) Male 3 - - - - 3
23x15px Wayne Bartholomew (AUS) Male 1 - - - 2 3
23x15px Colin McPhillips (USA) Male - - 3 - - 3
23x15px Rusty Keaulana (HAW) Male - - 3 - - 3
23x15px Gary Elkerton (AUS) Male - - - 3 - 3
23x15px Mick Fanning (AUS) Male 3 - - - - 3
23x15px Lynne Boyer (HAW) Female 2 - - - - 2
23x15px Damian Hardman (AUS) Male 2 - - - - 2
23x15px Tom Carroll (AUS) Male 2 - - - - 2
23x15px Joel Tudor (USA) Male - - 2 - - 2
23x15px Beau Young (AUS) Male - - 2 - - 2
23x15px Jennifer Smith (USA) Female - - 2 - - 2
23x15px Joel Parkinson (AUS) Male 1 2 - - - 3
23x15px Pablo Paulino (BRA) Male - 2 - - - 2
23x15px Bonga Perkins (HAW) Male - - 2 - - 2
23x15px Carissa Moore (HAW) Female 2 - - - - 2

Qualifier for list is to hold a minimum of 2 world championship titles across the cateogories.[23]

Calculations include world championship titles outside of the ASP as discussed in Predecessors to the ASP section.

See also

References

  1. ^ ASP Announces Appointments of New CEO and New Interim Commissioner . Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  2. ^ Association of Surfing Professionals, Frequently Asked Questions, What is the ASP? . Retrieved 27 April 2011.
  3. ^ Doherty, Sean (2013-07). "How Pro Surfing Was Sold". SURFER Magazine. Retrieved 2015-02-25.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. ^ ASP Announces World Surf League: Letter from CEO, 12 September 2014 (accessed 28 November 2014)
  5. ^ ISA About . Retrieved 28 April 2011.
  6. ^ ISA World Gold Medalists . Retrieved 28 April 2011.
  7. ^ Lat34.com Good Waves, Bad Waves, Perfect Waves: A Timeline of the ASP, 16 February 2007 . Retrieved 27 April 2011.
  8. ^ ASP Member Management System (accessed 28 April 2011)
  9. ^ Association of Surfing Professionals, Frequently Asked Questions . Retrieved 27 April 2011.
  10. ^ a b c ASP Rulebook . Retrieved 30 April 2011.
  11. ^ ASP World Title Ranking (accessed 29 April 2011)
  12. ^ a b c d ASP Rule Book . Retrieved 29 April 2011.
  13. ^ Billabong Pro Jeffreys Bay Downgrades from ASP World Title to ASP 6-Star for 2012 (accessed 28 February 2012)
  14. ^ a b ASP World Tour Champions . Retrieved 29 April 2011.
  15. ^ a b c d e ASP Rule Book 2011 . Retrieved 28 April 2011.
  16. ^ "Judging Criteria". ASP World Tour. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f ASP Rule Book 2012
  18. ^ ASP World Tour Top 16 Statistics: 1976–2009 . Retrieved 29 April 2011.
  19. ^ a b ASP Awards Statistics: 1983–2009 . Retrieved 29 April 2011.
  20. ^ ASP Women's World Tour Top 16 Statistics: 1977–2009 . Retrieved 29 April 2011.
  21. ^ http://surf.transworld.net/1000004912/features/encinitas-schuyler-mcferran-crowned-first-ever-asp-womens-world-longboard-champion/
  22. ^ a b ASP Awards Statistics: 1983–2009 . Retrieved 30 April 2011.
  23. ^ a b c ASP World Tour Champions . Retrieved 30 April 2011.
  24. ^ a b Longboard Event Champions
  25. ^ "ISA Member Directory". International Surfing Association. Retrieved August 28, 2014. 

External links

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