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Auburn, Indiana

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Auburn, Indiana
City
Main Street in downtown Auburn, Indiana
Main Street in downtown Auburn, Indiana
Template:Infobox settlement/columns
Nickname(s): Home of the Classics
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana

Coordinates: 41°21′56″N 85°3′23″W / 41.36556°N 85.05639°W / 41.36556; -85.05639Coordinates: 41°21′56″N 85°3′23″W / 41.36556°N 85.05639°W / 41.36556; -85.05639{{#coordinates:41|21|56|N|85|3|23|W|type:city(12731)_region:US-IN |primary |name=

}}
Country United States
State Indiana
County DeKalb
Township Grant, Union, Keyser, Jackson
Government
 • Mayor Norman E. Yoder (R)
Area[1]
 • Total 7.10 sq mi (18.39 km2)
 • Land 7.10 sq mi (18.39 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[2] 866 ft (264 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 12,731
 • Estimate (2012)[4] 12,787
 • Density 1,793.1/sq mi (692.3/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 46706
Area code 260
FIPS code[2][5] 18-02674
GNIS ID[2][5] 430334
Website www.ci.auburn.in.us
Historical population
Census Pop.

<tr><td style="text-align:center">1870</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">677</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">—</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1880</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">1,542</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Lua error in Module:Math at line 495: attempt to index field 'ParserFunctions' (a nil value).%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1890</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">2,415</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Lua error in Module:Math at line 495: attempt to index field 'ParserFunctions' (a nil value).%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1900</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">3,396</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Lua error in Module:Math at line 495: attempt to index field 'ParserFunctions' (a nil value).%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1910</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">3,919</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Lua error in Module:Math at line 495: attempt to index field 'ParserFunctions' (a nil value).%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1920</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">4,650</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Lua error in Module:Math at line 495: attempt to index field 'ParserFunctions' (a nil value).%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1930</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">5,088</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Lua error in Module:Math at line 495: attempt to index field 'ParserFunctions' (a nil value).%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1940</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">5,415</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Lua error in Module:Math at line 495: attempt to index field 'ParserFunctions' (a nil value).%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1950</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">5,879</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Lua error in Module:Math at line 495: attempt to index field 'ParserFunctions' (a nil value).%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1960</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">6,350</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Lua error in Module:Math at line 495: attempt to index field 'ParserFunctions' (a nil value).%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1970</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">7,388</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Lua error in Module:Math at line 495: attempt to index field 'ParserFunctions' (a nil value).%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1980</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">8,122</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Lua error in Module:Math at line 495: attempt to index field 'ParserFunctions' (a nil value).%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1990</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">9,379</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Lua error in Module:Math at line 495: attempt to index field 'ParserFunctions' (a nil value).%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">2000</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">12,074</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Lua error in Module:Math at line 495: attempt to index field 'ParserFunctions' (a nil value).%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">2010</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">13,086</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Lua error in Module:Math at line 495: attempt to index field 'ParserFunctions' (a nil value).%</td></tr>

Auburn is a city in DeKalb County, Indiana, United States. The population was 13,086 at the 2010 census. Founded in 1836 by Wesley Park (1811–1868), the city is the county seat of DeKalb County. [6] Auburn is also known as Home of the Classics.

Geography

Auburn is located at 41°21′56″N 85°03′23″W / 41.365505°N 85.056355°W / 41.365505; -85.056355{{#coordinates:41.365505|-85.056355|type:city_region:US|||||| | |name= }}[7] 20 miles north of Fort Wayne in Northern Indiana. Interstate 69 passes just west of the city.

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of Script error: No such module "convert"., all land.[8]

Most of Auburn is located in Union civil township. Portions of Jackson, Keyser and Grant civil townships are also within the city limits.

Climate

Auburn has typical continental weather with very warm summers and very cold winters. Average January temperatures are a high of Script error: No such module "convert". and a low of Script error: No such module "convert".. Average July temperatures are a high of Script error: No such module "convert". and a low of Script error: No such module "convert".. There are an average of 13.1 days with highs of Script error: No such module "convert". or higher and an average of 136.8 days with lows of Script error: No such module "convert". or lower. The record high temperature was Script error: No such module "convert". on June 26, 1988. The record low temperature was Script error: No such module "convert". on January 21, 1984.[9]

Average annual precipitation in Auburn is Script error: No such module "convert".. The wettest month is normally June, with an average of Script error: No such module "convert".. The wettest year was 1985 with Script error: No such module "convert". and the driest year was 1964 with Script error: No such module "convert".. The most precipitation in one month was Script error: No such module "convert". in June 1981. The most precipitation in 24 hours was Script error: No such module "convert". on August 20, 1904. There is an average of Script error: No such module "convert". of snow each year. The snowiest season was 1981-82 with Script error: No such module "convert"., including Script error: No such module "convert". in January 1982. The most snowfall in 24 hours was Script error: No such module "convert". on January 26, 1978.[10]

History

Auburn's site on Cedar Creek was chosen by Wesley Park and John Badlam Howe at the intersection of two major trails, Goshen-Defiance Road and Coldwater Road, and next to the land of John Houlton.[11] The name for the community likely came from "The Deserted Village" by Oliver Goldsmith, that begins "Sweet Auburn! Loveliest village of the plain."[12] The plat of the Village of Auburn is dated April 21, 1836, but it was held by Howe and not recorded until March 12, 1879. John Drury purchased the first lot (Lot 73) for $25.00 on September 5, 1837. The first store was built at Park's corners by Thomas Freeman, applying for a license on March 5, 1838, and bringing supplies by horseback from Fort Wayne. Daniel Altenburg, Levi Walsworth, the Sherlock family, Samuel Sprott, David Weave, David Shoemaker, Henry Curtis, Lyman Childsey, James Cosper, and David Cosper were early residents.

A post office was established in 1839.[13] In 1841, malaria ran through the town, and in 1843 a terrible storm wreaked havoc on cabins and crops. The Church of God was built by the Presbyterians in 1846. The Village of Auburn was incorporated in 1849, divided into wards, and governed under a town board and constable. By the end of the American Civil War, the town included over 700 inhabitants. The storm of September 29, 1872, destroyed Odd Fellow's Hall and damaged the Methodist Episcopal church. A few months later (April 6, 1873), the new brick block of Seventh Street (Snyder's Building) collapsed, also destroying the Ensley Building.[14] Auburn water and lights was constructed in 1898. The change in status to the City of Auburn on March 26, 1900 followed a referendum. Notable citizen Charles Eckhart erected a public library and a YMCA building. The Auburn Automobile Company founded in 1900 produced its first automobile in 1903.[15] William Wrigley, Jr. and Errett Lobban Cord controlled interests in the company that eventually acquired Duesenberg, Lexington, and Lycoming. The company failed in August 1937. The Auburn Rubber Company was started in 1913 as the Double Fabric Tire Company, making tires for Auburn Automobile Company. In the 1920s as Auburn Rubber, it became a large manufacturer of rubber toys, leaving Auburn in 1959.

Notorious bank robber John Dillinger and some accomplices raided Auburn's police station on October 14, 1933, stealing a submachine gun, two steel vests, three rifles, six pistols and over 1000 rounds of ammunition.[16] The acts that led to the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Stump v. Sparkman, 435 U.S. 349 (1978), the leading American case on judicial immunity, took place in Auburn in 1971. On June 28, 1988, four workers were asphyxiated at a local metal-plating plant in the worst confined-space industrial accident in U.S. history; a fifth victim died two days later.[17]

Demographics

File:Auburn-indiana-courthouse-night.jpg
DeKalb County Court House, Auburn, Indiana.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census,[3] there were 12,731 people, 5,226 households, and 3,322 families residing in the city. The population density was Script error: No such module "convert".. There were 5,692 housing units at an average density of Script error: No such module "convert".. The racial makeup of the city was 96.9% White, 0.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population.

There were 5,226 households of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.4% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age in the city was 37.9 years. 25.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.9% were from 25 to 44; 25.1% were from 45 to 64; and 15.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

2000 census

As of the 2000 census,[18] there were 12,074 people, 4,927 households, and 3,202 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,816.2 people per square mile (701.0/km²). There were 5,258 housing units at an average density of 790.9 per square mile (305.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.71% White, 0.35% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.75% of the population.

There were 4,927 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.0% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,762, and the median income for a family was $52,687. Males had a median income of $38,007 versus $24,414 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,945. About 2.9% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

Government

File:Auburn IN City Hall 2012.JPG
Auburn's Italianate City Hall, completed in 1913.
File:Auburn IN water tower 2012.JPG
Fulton Street water tower, erected 1946.

Auburn is governed by an elected mayor and seven-member common council and a three-member board of public works and safety consisting of the mayor and two others appointed by the mayor. Five members of the common council are elected from individual districts and two are elected at-large. A list of persons who have served as mayor appears in the table below.

Mayors of Auburn Term(s)
Donald A. Garwood 1900–1902
Thomas H. Sprott 1902–1904
James W.Y. McClellan 1904–1906
1914–1918
George O. Dennison 1906–1910
Hugh Culbertson 1910–1914
Eli C. Walker 1918–1922
Warren Lige 1922–1935
Lodi E. Potter 1935–1948
Hal E. Hoham 1949–1952
H. Gerald Oren 1952–1964
Clarren L. Boger 1964–1968
Donald M. Allison 1968–1972
John L. Foley 1972–1976
Jesse A. ("Jack") Sanders 1976–1984
Burtis L. Dickman 1984–1992
Norman N. Rohm 1992–2000
Norman E. Yoder 2000—

Media

Radio stations

Activities

The Dekalb County Free Fall Fair is held in down town Auburn. It starts at the end of September and has over 850,000 guests a year.

Television stations
Newspaper
  • The Star, (formerly known as The Evening Star)

Education

Most of Auburn lies in the DeKalb County Central United School District. Public schools serving Auburn are:

There is also a K-12 private school:

  • Lakewood Park Christian School

Events and sites of interest

File:Auburn Cord Duesenberg Museum 2004.jpg
Auburn Cord Duesenberg Automobile Museum, Auburn, Indiana, a National Historic Landmark that was once the headquarters and showroom of the Auburn Automobile Company.

Auburn is the location of the Auburn Cord Duesenberg Festival, held each Labor Day weekend, and of the Auburn Cord Duesenberg Automobile Museum and the National Automotive and Truck Museum of the United States. Both are National Historic Landmarks. The Auburn Cord Duesenberg Festival, with the annual Labor Day auction, is said to host the world's largest automotive auction.[who?] These automotive-related events are the legacy of the Auburn Automobile Company, which closed in the late 1930s. The company had its headquarters and a factory in Auburn. Other museums located near Auburn include the Hoosier Air Museum, the Kruse Automotive and Carriage Museum and the World War II Victory Museum. Auburn also hosts the annual DeKalb County Free Fall Fair, a six-day event usually held in the last week of September.

Auburn was also home to early automobile company DeSoto in 1913. This company has no connection with the DeSoto that was manufactured by Chrysler.

Notable people

  • Gordon Buehrig (1904–1990), automobile designer, lived in Auburn for two years while designing the 1935–1936 Auburn Speedster and is buried in Roselawn Cemetery.
  • Errett Lobban Cord (1894–1974), industrialist, lived in Auburn while running the Auburn Automobile Company.
  • Will Cuppy (1884–1949), humorist and journalist, was born in Auburn, graduated from Auburn High School and is buried in Evergreen Cemetery.
  • Charles Eckhart (1841–1915), industrialist and philanthropist, founded the Eckhart Carriage Company, predecessor of the Auburn Automobile Company, and was Prohibition Party candidate for Governor of Indiana in 1900. He lived in Auburn from 1874 until his death and is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery.
  • James I. Farley (1871–1948), member of US House of Representatives, 1933–1939, lived in Auburn while an executive of the Auburn Automobile Company and is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery.
  • Walter Hartman Hodge (1896–1975) was an American lawyer and judge.
  • Dr. Lida Powers Leasure (1850-1931), the first woman elected to public office in Indiana. Except for a brief period in the 1890s in which she practiced medicine in Angola, Indiana, she lived in Auburn from 1880 until her death in 1931. She was elected county superintendent of public instruction for DeKalb County in 1911. She is buried in Roselawn Cemetery.
  • Don Lash (1912–1994), track and field champion who won the 1938 James E. Sullivan Award as the top amateur athlete in the United States, graduated from Auburn High School in 1933.
  • Charles A.O. McClellan (1835–1898), member of US House of Representatives, 1889–1892, lived in Auburn and practiced law there.
  • Colleen McNabb (b. 1975), jazz vocalist, grew up on a farm near Auburn.
  • Mark Shaw (b. 1945), attorney, author and network television personality, was born in Auburn and graduated from Auburn High School.
  • Margaret Jennings Kessler (b. 1944), award winning artist, author of the books, Painting Better Landscapes and Color Harmony in Your Paintings, graduated from Auburn High School.
  • John Martin Smith (1939-2011), Dekalb County historian, He was the founder of the Dekalb County Historical Society, the Auburn Cord Duesenberg Automobile Museum, and the National Automotive & Truck Museum of the United States, Inc. (NATMUS).

The official city logo, pictured at right, is based on the logo of the former Auburn Automobile Company. The company went out of business in the 1930s. The municipality began using the logo in the 1980s. The city's official nickname is '"Home of the Classics,"' a reference to the "classic" automobiles once manufactured there.

References

  1. ^ "Places (2010)" (ZIPPED TXT). 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  2. ^ a b c "Feature ID 430334". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  5. ^ a b "FIPS55 Data: Indiana". FIPS55 Data. United States Geological Survey. February 23, 2006. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Indiana". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  9. ^ "Temperature Summary - 120334 AUBURN, IN". Mcc.sws.uiuc.edu. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  10. ^ "Precipitation Summary - 120334 AUBURN, IN". Mcc.sws.uiuc.edu. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  11. ^ "detailed city history". Ingenweb.org. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  12. ^ City Parks and Recreation
  13. ^ "DeKalb County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  14. ^ "USA Cities". Usacitiesonline.com. 2011-02-28. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  15. ^ "Automotive History of Auburn". Automotivehistoryonline.com. 2012-01-27. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  16. ^ John Toland, The Dillinger Days, Da Capo Press edition, 1995 p. 132 ISBN 978-0-306-80626-1; G. Russell Girardin, William J. Helmer and Rick Mattix, Dillinger: The Untold Story, , Indiana University Press, 2005, p. 35. ISBN 0-253-32556-0
  17. ^ Joseph A. Kinney and William G. Mosley, "Death on the Job," The Multinational Monitor, April 1990, v. 11, no. 4, citing a report by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.
  18. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

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