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Audresselles

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Coordinates: 50°49′28″N 1°35′41″E / 50.8244°N 1.5947°E / 50.8244; 1.5947Coordinates: 50°49′28″N 1°35′41″E / 50.8244°N 1.5947°E / 50.8244; 1.5947{{#coordinates:50.8244|1.5947|type:city(714)_region:FR|||||| |primary |name= }}</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Country</th><td> France</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Region</th><td> Nord-Pas-de-Calais</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Department</th><td> Pas-de-Calais</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Arrondissement</th><td> Boulogne-sur-Mer</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Canton</th><td> Marquise</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Intercommunality</th><td> Terre des deux caps</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left">Government</th></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Mayor (2001–2008) </th><td> Roger Tourret</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Area1</th><td> 5.72 km2 (2.21 sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Population (2009)2</th><td> 714</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Density</th><td> 120/km2 (320/sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">INSEE/Postal code</th><td class="adr"> 62056 / 62164</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Elevation</th><td> Script error: No such module "convert".
(avg. Script error: No such module "convert".)</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left; font-size:smaller"> 1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.</td></tr></table>

Audresselles (Dutch: Ouderzelle, English: St. John) is a commune south of Cape Gris Nez in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.

The commune covers about Script error: No such module "convert". of cultivated lands, two beaches, and seashore cliffs. In the 12th century it was known as Oderzelle.

History

Between the end of English occupation in 1558 and the middle of the 17th century, Audresselles seigneury included Haringzelle hamlet; today, this is now a forest hiding the former German artillery batteries of Audinghen. This seigneury was owned by the Acary family, which gave some admirals to the French fleet and from whom most of the borough fishermen are descended.

An old fishers village, Audresselles has kept its characteristic features: its long houses with a colored strip along the lower part of the walls, in the village center, and somme villas of the "Belle Époque" in front of the English Channel. Professional fishing families still live in Audresselles, and one of them uses the village sand beach to land its ship. The traditional flobarts (little trunkated drakkars) are still used by the holiday yachtsmen.

Population

Audresselles
The village
The village
Template:Infobox settlement/columns
</small>
Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793 660—    
1800 623−5.6%
1806 605−2.9%
1821 740+22.3%
1831 746+0.8%
1836 720−3.5%
1841 708−1.7%
1846 693−2.1%
1851 660−4.8%
1856 608−7.9%
1861 588−3.3%
1866 575−2.2%
1872 525−8.7%
1876 513−2.3%
1881 510−0.6%
1886 522+2.4%
1891 508−2.7%
1896 468−7.9%
1901 452−3.4%
1906 497+10.0%
1911 454−8.7%
1921 434−4.4%
1926 425−2.1%
1931 435+2.4%
1936 410−5.7%
1946 457+11.5%
1954 430−5.9%
1962 424−1.4%
1968 440+3.8%
1975 489+11.1%
1982 538+10.0%
1990 587+9.1%
1999 681+16.0%
2006 706+3.7%
2009 714+1.1%

Sights

File:0 Audresselles - Église Saint-Jean-Baptiste (1).JPG
The church of Saint-Jean-Baptiste (12th century)

Beach and dune fauna

The town has given its name to the blue European lobster.

Birds

Gulls, cormorants, jackdaws, loons, mallards, bitterns, sandpipers, snipes, oystercatchers, herons, curlews, egrets, guillemots, peregrine falcons, swans, and geese.

Marine mammals

Some black-headed seals have settled down in the creeks behind the village since July 2006 and dislike to be disturbed, following the swimmers to the beach. Also present are Orcas (killer whales), pilot whales, dolphins and porpoises.

Flora

Plants of this region are those that can resist the salt-laden southwesterly wind. Species include Lyciet, privet, spindle-tree, eleagnus, speedwell, marram grass and Armeria maritima.

Personalities

Living

See also

References

  • INSEE commune file
  • "Audresselles, éléments d'une histoire", éd. Association Mémoire d'Audresselles

by Daniel Leunens.

  • "Rivages boulonnais", éd. Association Mémoire d'Audresselles, by Olivier Lazzarotti (December 2006).
  • "Nobiliaire de Picardie", page 1, written in 1698 by Jérôme Bignon.

External links