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Open Access Articles- Top Results for Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao expansion and inclusion plebiscite, 2001

Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao expansion and inclusion plebiscite, 2001

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In the Philippines, the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) is the only autonomous region; as such it is the sole region with a regional government as prescribed by the Constitution of the Philippines. In 2001, Republic Act No. 9054 was passed for the expansion of the ARMM to include the areas which initially rejected inclusion and the provinces which were carved from them, however only Marawi City and Basilan with the exception of Isabela City opted to be integrated in the region.

A special plebiscite was set on August 14, 2001.

Results

Rules

Each province, and their component cities, has their own separate plebiscite. In order for the plebiscite to be approved, a majority of the people who voted is needed, if it fails to surpass the majority of valid votes, the plebiscite is defeated in that province or city.

  • For provinces voted for expansion and amendments to the original organic act:
    • If a majority did not vote in favor, all amendments to the organic act, save for provinces and cities that voted for inclusion, are rejected.
  • For provinces and cities voting for inclusion:
    • If a majority in each city or province votes in favor, it becomes a part of the autonomous region; in case of component cities, they do not cease to be a part of their province but regional services will be under the ARMM.
    • If a majority in a municipality does not vote in favor of inclusion but the totals for the rest of the province are in favor it will be a part of the ARMM nevertheless.

Provinces and cities that approved expansion (for already members) and inclusion (for non-members) are highlighted:

Summary

Support from within the ARMM was overwhelming in favor with all four provinces having at 70% of those who voted in favor of expanding the region. Those which were asked for inclusion, on the other hand, was overwhelmingly opposed with most provinces and cities having more than 90% of those who voted opposing inclusion, excluding for Basilan (91%) which voted overwhelmingly for inclusion (its capital Isabela City voted not to be included) and Marawi (which is part of Lanao del Sur which already within the ARMM).

Expansion

  • Question: Do you vote in favor of the amendments to Republic Act No. 6734, the Organic Act for the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, as proposed under this Organic Act, which includes, among other things, the expansion of the area of the autonomous region?
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#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.+ e • d Summary of the final official COMELEC canvass of the 14 August 2001 Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao expansion and inclusion plebiscite, 2001
Province Yes  % No  % Total
Lanao del Sur 185,212 91.3 17,718 8.7 202,930
Maguindanao 175,893 72.0 68,561 28.0 244,454
Sulu 75,320 86.5 11,711 13.5 87,031
Tawi-Tawi 44,159 76.8 13,363 23.2 57,522
Valid votes 591,937

Inclusion

  • Question: Do you vote in favor of the inclusion of your province or city in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao?

Provinces

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.+ e • d Summary of the final official COMELEC canvass of the 14 August 2001 Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao expansion and inclusion plebiscite (Provincial Inclusion), 2001
Province Yes  % No  % Total
Basilan 185,212 89.3 22,121 10.7 207,333
Davao del Sur 3,074 2.3 129,695 97.7 132,769
Lanao del Norte 27,235 16.6 136,600 83.4 163,835
North Cotabato 16,603 9.0 167,531 91.0 184,134
Palawan 1,717 1.5 113,839 98.5 115,556
Sarangani 2,359 3.2 70,727 96.8 73,086
South Cotabato 2,497 1.9 129,483 98.1 131,980
Sultan Kudarat 4,782 4.0 115,571 96.0 120,353
Zamboanga del Norte 6,540 4.0 158,125 96.0 164,665
Zamboanga del Sur 4,759 2.8 163,628 97.2 168,387
Zamboanga Sibugay 6,843 6.6 96,830 93.4 103,673
Valid votes 1,565,771

Cities

  • Question: Do you vote in favor of the inclusion of your province or city in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao?
#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.+ e • d Summary of the final official COMELEC canvass of the 14 August 2001 Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao expansion and inclusion plebiscite (Cities Inclusion), 2001
Province Yes  % No  % Total
Cotabato City 9,361 36.8 16,075 63.2 25,436
Dapitan 413 1.8 22,073 98.2 22,486
Digos 523 1.7 30,176 98.3 30,699
Dipolog 777 2.7 28,171 97.3 28,948
General Santos City 1,277 1.5 82,251 98.5 83,528
Iligan 1,604 2.5 61,472 97.5 63,076
Isabela City 3,656 20.0 14,588 80.0 18,244
Kidapawan 468 2.1 21,887 97.9 22,355
Koronadal 170 0.5 33,288 99.5 33,458
Marawi 26,362 91.6 2,429 8.4 28,791
Pagadian 636 2.0 31,846 98.0 32,482
Puerto Princesa 402 1.1 35,763 98.9 36,165
Tacurong 187 1.0 19,076 99.0 19,263
Zamboanga City 5,849 4.9 112,735 95.1 118.564
Valid votes 563,515

References

See also