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Autonomous administrative division

File:Autonomous areas.svg
Sovereign nations with at least one area labelled "autonomous" or defined as such by law

An autonomous administrative division is an administrative division of a country that has a degree of autonomy, or freedom from an external authority. Typically it is either geographically distinct from the rest of the country or populated by a national minority. Decentralization of self-governing powers and functions to such divisions is a way for a national government to try to increase democratic participation or administrative efficiency and/or to defuse internal conflicts. Countries that include autonomous areas may be federacies, federations, or confederations. Autonomous areas can be divided into territorial autonomies, subregional territorial autonomies, and local autonomies.

By country

Table by designation

Designation Division State Notes
Banner Oroqen 23x15px People's Republic of China In effect, these are autonomous counties.
Evenk
Morin Dawa Daur
City 23x15px Buenos Aires 23x15px Argentina
23x15px Ceuta 23x15px Spain The autonomous cities of Spain are two exclaves located on the north coast of North Africa surrounded by Morocco, separated from the Iberian peninsula by the Strait of Gibraltar.
23x15px Melilla
23x15px Sejong
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data South Korea
23x15px Tashkent 23x15px Uzbekistan Tashkent is the capital of Uzbekistan
Commune Bangui 23x15px Central African Republic Bangui is the capital and the largest city of the Central African Republic
Community
There are 17 autonomous communities of Spain
County
There are 117 autonomous counties of the People's Republic of China
District Council
There are 8 autonomous district councils of India
Okrug
There are 6 autonomous okrugs of Russia
Oblast 23x15px Jewish Autonomous Oblast 23x15px Russia
Prefecture
There are 30 autonomous prefectures of the People's Republic of China
Province 23x15px Aceh Template:Country data Indonesia
File:Flag placeholder.svg Jeju
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data South Korea
Kosovo and Metohija Claimed by:
23x15px Serbia
In 2008, the Republic of Kosovo declared independence. While Serbia has not formally recognised Kosovo's independence and still has an administrative apparatus for the Autonomous Province, its independence is recognised by 108 UN member states.
Controlled by:
23x15px Kosovo
23x15px Papua Template:Country data Indonesia
23x15px South Tyrol 23x15px Italy
23x15px Trentino
23x15px Vojvodina 23x15px Serbia
23x15px West Papua Template:Country data Indonesia
23x15px Yogyakatra
Region 23x15px Åland Islands 23x15px Finland
23x15px Aosta Valley 23x15px Italy
23x15px Azores 23x15px Portugal
23x15px Bangsamoro 23x15px Philippines
23x15px Bougainville 23x15px Papua New Guinea
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 23x15px Italy
Guangxi 23x15px People's Republic of China
Inner Mongolia
23x15px Iraqi Kurdistan Template:Country data Iraq Iraqi Kurdistan is the only region that has gained official recognition internationally as an autonomous regional entity.
23x15px Madeira 23x15px Portugal
25px Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao 23x15px Philippines
Mount Athos 23x15px Greece
Ningxia 23x15px People's Republic of China
23x15px Nisga'a Nation 23x15px Canada
23x15px Nunatsiavut
23x15px RAAN 23x15px Nicaragua
23x15px RAAS
Rodrigues 23x15px Mauritius
23x15px Sardinia 23x15px Italy
23x15px Sicily
Tibet Autonomous Region 23x15px People's Republic of China
23x15px Tłı̨chǫ 23x15px Canada
Xinjiang 23x15px People's Republic of China
23x15px Zanzibar 23x15px Tanzania
There are 14 autonomous regions of India, one of which is a de facto area
Republic Nakhchivan 23x15px Azerbaijan
23x15px Adjara 23x15px Georgia
23x15px Abkhazia Claimed by:
23x15px Georgia
In 1990, the Republic of Abkhazia declared its independence from the Soviet Union. While Georgia has not formally recognised Abkhazia's independence and still has an administrative apparatus for the Autonomous Province, its independence is recognized by 6 UN member states.
Controlled by:
23x15px Abkhazia
Gorno-Badakhshan 23x15px Tajikistan
23x15px Crimea Claimed by:
23x15px Ukraine
Controlled by
23x15px Russia
23x15px Karakalpakstan 23x15px Uzbekistan
Sector 23x15px Bissau 23x15px Guinea-Bissau
Territorial Unit 23x15px Gagauzia 23x15px Moldova
Transnistria Claimed by:
23x15px Moldova
In 1990, the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic declared its independence from the Soviet Union. While Moldova has not formally recognised Transnistria's independence and still has an administrative apparatus for the Autonomous Province, its independence is recognized by other 3 non-UN member states.
Controlled by:
23x15px Transnistria

Other entities with devolution (autonomy)

British constituent countries

In the United Kingdom, three of the four constituent countries, namely Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, each have an elected devolved legislature which has the ability to legislate in devolved matters. The Parliament of the United Kingdom retains sovereignty however (the United Kingdom remains a unitary state) and legislates in matters that are not devolved, as well as having the capacity to legislate in areas that are devolved (this does not normally occur, by constitutional convention, without the agreement of the devolved legislature). The constitutional basis of the devolved legislatures is also controlled by Acts of the United Kingdom's Parliament.

New Zealand dependent territories

New Zealand maintains nominal sovereignty over three Pacific Island nations. The Cook Islands and Niue are self-governing countries in free association with New Zealand that maintain some international relationships in their own name. Tokelau remains an autonomous dependency of New Zealand. The Chatham Islands—despite having the designation of Territory—is an integral part of the country, situated within the New Zealand archipelago. The territory's council is not autonomous and has broadly the same powers as other local councils, although notably it can also charge levies on goods entering or leaving the islands.[1]

Ethiopian special woredas

In Ethiopia, "special woredas" are a subgroup of woredas (districts) that are organized around the traditional homelands of an ethnic minority, and are outside the usual hierarchy of a kilil, or region. These woredas have many similarities to autonomous areas in other countries.

Danish constituent countries

The Faroe Islands and Greenland are two autonomous countries within the Kingdom of Denmark.

Dutch constituent countries

Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten are autonomous countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands, each with their own parliament.

Historical

Other

Other areas that are autonomous in nature but not in name are areas designated for indigenous peoples, such as those of the Americas:

See also

Notes

Sources