BBC iPlayer homepage
|Initial release||25 December 2007|
|Stable release||3.2.15 / 13 July 2012|
|Written in||Adobe AIR, Adobe Flash, Objective-C, others|
Amazon Fire TV|
Roku Streaming Stick
Sky Go (part of On Demand service)
TalkTalk Plus TV (soon)
BT TV (part of On Demand service)
Windows Phone 8
Welsh,</rb> Scottish Gaelic
|Year||Episode||Original air date||Requests (millions)||Total requests for whole year|
|2011||Top Gear: India Special||28 December 2011||1.7||1.94 billion|
|2012||2012 Summer Olympics opening ceremony||27 July 2012||3.3||2.32 billion|
|2013||Top Gear: Africa Special, Part 1||3 March 2013||3.42||3.1 billion|
|2014||Sherlock: The Empty Hearse||1 January 2014||4.2||3.5 billion |
One of the key features of the original iPlayer download service was the use of peer-to-peer (P2P) technology to enable the distribution of large video files (i.e. TV programmes) to scale effectively. Once downloaded, the content was only playable within the iPlayer itself or Windows Media Player 10 or 11, and subject to digital rights management.
In December 2008 the BBC moved to an Adobe AIR based client that downloaded content via HTTP rather than P2P. The new system replaced the Windows DRM system with Adobe's own. DRM software prevents it being directly copied to another medium (e.g. another computer or CD-ROM), and allows the BBC to control how long the programmes remain watchable. Programmes are available for download for seven days following broadcast. Once a programme is downloaded a user has only thirty days to start watching it. Once a user starts to watch a programme, it will continue to be available for the next seven days. These limitations do not apply to viewers using the online streaming service, where most programmes become unavailable from the website after 7 days.
There was criticism levelled at the iPlayer's use of KService from Kontiki, the peer-to-peer application which continued to use users' bandwidth even after the iPlayer has been shut down, though this can be controlled using options available within the software. Because of this, users may have been charged by their Internet service provider for exceeding their download limit or breaching the so-called "fair use" policy. However, the Kontiki P2P system has not been used since the new client was introduced in December 2008.
The client also offers an electronic programme guide (EPG) with listings for both the previous seven and next seven days' programmes; selecting a programme which has already been broadcast will begin downloading it immediately, while those not yet shown will be downloaded as soon as they have been. It is currently not possible to schedule a series to be automatically downloaded when the next episode becomes available, but the BBC hopes to make this available in a later version.
Online streaming service
The BBC's streaming version of iPlayer, which uses Adobe Flash software, was launched on 13 December 2007. The BBC made use of the Christmas period to trumpet the new service with the tagline 'Making the unmissable... unmissable', and the service came out of beta on 25 December 2007. Also, seasonal specials were followed routinely throughout the Christmas week with plugs for iPlayer. The streaming version of iPlayer offers replays of programmes broadcast on all BBC TV channels during the last seven days. Programmes are available from all national BBC television channels, and Welsh programmes shown on S4C. Due to licensing agreements, all international – and some privately produced – TV shows and movies are not available on iPlayer.
On 25 June 2008, the BBC announced that they had been developing a new version of the iPlayer based on user feedback – it was then called "BBC iPlayer 2.0". New features included combining the normal television iPlayer with the radio iPlayer, schedules of programmes due to be on the iPlayer, automatic resumption of the last programme watched, an increase in the size of the screen by 25% to 640 pixels wide, RSS feeds of iPlayer data, and a "Yesterday's TV" function. The beta ran alongside the existing site until 3 July 2008, when a new version replaced it. Later versions have implemented an option of streaming videos in high quality in H.264. A special version of BBC iPlayer was launch 19 December 2008. It was designed for children aged 6 to 12, allowing them to choose from such popular TV series such as Blue Peter, M.I. High, The Sarah Jane Adventures and many more (non-children's programming is restricted).
BBC iPlayer Desktop Manager
At the end of 2008, a newer platform was launched which facilitated use of the new BBC iPlayer Desktop (replacement for Download Manager) and other "BBC iPlayer Labs" features such as adjustable video windows and user feedback options. In March 2009, the BBC launched a streaming version of the player which needs a 1500 kbit/s minimum connection.
On 1 April 2010, this Desktop Manager was updated to version 1.5.15695.18135. The update claimed, amongst other things, optimisation of CPU usage in full screen: 20% to 40% improvement; videos that start to download in the UK should be able to complete downloading abroad; and update to use Adobe Integrated Runtime AIR 1.5.3 which has improved reliability, compatibility and security.
The iPlayer team released the next-generation of the iPlayer, calling it the iPlayer 3.0 release, on 6 September 2010. It brings integration with various social networking sites to the TV on-demand service, through deals with Facebook, Twitter, Reddit, Delicious, Digg, StumbleUpon.
BBC ID was also added to allow users to access their iPlayer settings from a variety of devices and Favourite shows so the users get notified when new episodes of their favourited shows are available.
The only other feature of the new-look iPlayer discussed was a new embeddable video player, being rolled out across the whole of the BBC's online presence. On 19 June 2012 on the live TV channels it added a rewind to start button.
The iPlayer desktop application has now been replaced with the iPlayer Downloads application. iPlayer Downloads is much simpler and many features have been dropped. It no longer supports Series Link, all programmes have to be individually downloaded. It also no longer supports live streaming of TV channels.
'The New BBC iPlayer'
On 11 March 2014, the BBC introduced a new version of their BBC iPlayer service called 'The New BBC iPlayer'. This new version included a new user interface, and uses the BBC's new 'responsive design,' which means iPlayer can be used on multiple different screen sizes without building separate versions. There is a new home screen along with new channel pages that also use the same responsive design that the rest of the BBC sites now use. The BBC ID is still used to track favourites across the site (however favourites have now been moved to a whole page rather than an individual bar), and new categories have been generated to expand the amount of programmes that can be found by the 42% of visitors who arrive to the iPlayer service without a particular programme in mind. The new pop-out radio player has removed the option to select either high or low bit-rate which may impact users with a data download cap. It no longer restores the volume level or play point from the previous session.
In the second half of 2010, 3view enabled HD iPlayer on its connected Digital Terrestrial TV boxes allowing owners to access iPlayer content in HD via the box.
On 27 May 2008, BT began to charge BT Vision customers £3 per month for watching BBC Replay, a cut down version of iPlayer offering a more limited 30 hours of BBC programming per week. A spokesman for BT said that its customers had previously been able to view only BBC on-demand content because of "technical issues". A BBC spokesman said: "In line with other TV platforms where BBC programmes are made available on demand, the BBC requires that all public service content should be accessible via the lowest cost subscription tier. In this case, it is BT Replay."
From 1 April 2009, the Replay package was included in all of BT Vision's Value Packs but remained available as a separate, £2.93 per month, package to non-subscribers.
On 11 November 2010, the BBC and BT announced plans to bring the full BBC iPlayer package to BT Vision, replacing the BBC content on BT Vision's 50-hour "TV Replay" package. BT introduced BBC iPlayer in a phased release, starting in early December 2010, with all BT Vision customers able to access the service on channel 990 by 22 June 2011.
Digital media receivers
BBC iPlayer downloaded TV programmes can be streamed to televisions via the NetGear EVA8000 and Linksys DMA2200 digital media receivers, through PCs running Windows XP or Vista, with Windows Media Center installed.
On 23 July 2009 the first subscription-free digital terrestrial device to include iPlayer went on sale in UK retailers. The FetchTV Smartbox connects to any broadband connection and gives access to the BBC iPlayer and is a Freeview+ PVR.
FetchTV created its own version of the iPlayer, believing it was adhering to BBC guidelines, but support was refused by BBC Future Media and Technology. IP Vision made a formal complaint to the BBC in March 2009: the matter then passed to the BBC Executive’s Fair Trading Complaints Panel, which rejected the complaint, and IP Vision then appealed to the BBC Trust. On 22 December 2009 the BBC Trust rejected FetchTV's request to release the product. The Trust’s Finance and Compliance Committee (FCC) found that the BBC had given reasonable arguments as to why IP Vision should not be allowed to go ahead with its self-build product.
The Trust FCC also rescinded new guidelines introduced by the BBC in October 2009 formalising a ban on third parties building their own commercial iPlayer products . The Trust concluded that the clarification amounted to a significant change to the syndication guidelines which should have been referred to the Trust for approval before publication.
On 2 November 2009, it was announced that a beta release of BBC iPlayer for Freesat would be released on 7 December 2009 to a limited number of Freesat viewers. On 21 December 2009, iPlayer was made available on a soft launch to Freesat viewers with Humax Foxsat HD receivers only, with an official release on 11 January 2010. It is the final beta version of iPlayer, available via the red button on interactive page 7001. On 20 January 2010, Sony released software update 1.630SA to enable BBC iPlayer on all of their Freesat integrated televisions.
On 25 March 2010, iPlayer was added to TechniSat receivers, with an update for Harvard International receivers released on 31 March. However, the Harvard upgrade will not be available on early model standard definition Freesat receivers sold under the Bush, Goodmans and Grundig brands. Harvard International is therefore offering a replacement high definition receiver to anyone affected. Panasonic had aimed to add iPlayer to all of its devices by October 2010, but support was only extended to the 2008 range in September 2011. LG have been unable to update their Freesat integrated LF7700 television and were offering a free Freesat set-top box, however this promotional goodwill gesture ended after a 6-month period. On 16 December 2010, BBC iPlayer was assigned to Freesat channel 901, in addition to access via the BBC Red Button.
On 4 May 2009, the managing director of Freeview, Ilse Howling, announced expectations that iPlayer-enabled Freeview boxes would be available in 2009. From 1 April 2011, all new Freeview HD receiver products must include MHEG Interaction Channel (MHEG-IC) as part of D-Book 6.2.1. The move allowed the standard MHEG-5 reliant iPlayer application to be offered from 7 April via the red button on all BBC channels to Freeview HD certified devices.
On 10 February 2012, Roku launched their streaming devices in the UK for the first time, with BBC iPlayer available from launch. On 26 July 2013, Now TV released a Now TV-branded Roku streaming box, including the BBC iPlayer app.
On 30 January 2012, it was announced that BBC iPlayer would be added to Sky's On Demand service, arriving on 30 October 2012. The launch reduced the amount paid by the BBC for its carriage on Sky by up to 30%, following the introduction of a clause in BSkyB’s Published Price List which reduces the amount paid by a public service broadcaster when one of its channels offers on demand programming to Sky receivers. BBC iPlayer via Sky requires a subscription to Sky TV channels or to Sky+ and a Sky+ HD box with an internet connection.
Televisions and Blu-ray players
In December 2009, Cello Electronics released the Marks & Spencer branded iViewer TV. The television is internet enabled, allowing for the viewing of online content including the BBC iPlayer, which has its own physical button on the remote, although BBC iPlayer HD wasn't available until 2010.
On 11 January 2010, the BBC announced that BBC iPlayer would be built directly into TVs that would be widely available in the UK within months. Samsung Electronics became the first major manufacturer to officially announce that its televisions would be updated to include full access to the iPlayer. A BBC iPlayer app is available to download from Samsung Apps for Samsung Smart TV.
Sony added BBC iPlayer to its BRAVIA Internet Video service, included in its 2010 range of televisions and Blu-ray players. On 9 September 2010, iPlayer was added to Sony's BRAVIA televisions, having previously only been available on Blu-ray players. Televisions needed a firmware update which could be upgraded over the internet or downloaded onto a USB flash drive for loading directly to the TV. At the time of launch BBC HD content is not available, though high and standard video quality are available on all programmes.
On 30 April 2008 the iPlayer service was fed directly to Virgin Media's 3.4m digital cable TV customers as part of the company's video-on-demand service. Pressing the 'red button' while watching a BBC channel on TV will bring up the iPlayer service without the user having to access the web.
On 29 May 2008 Virgin Media successfully integrated iPlayer with the Virgin Media electronic programme guide. Most BBC shows are now listed alongside other VOD content in Virgin's Catch Up TV section, and through the red button while viewing a BBC channel. There is no charge for watching BBC shows through the iPlayer on Virgin Media.
As of 21 July 2008, iPlayer on Virgin Media had received 10.5 million views since its official launch on 1 June 2008. On 26 September 2008 it was revealed that one third of all iPlayer programme views were accessed through Virgin Media.
On 1 May 2009, the BBC and Virgin Media announced the launch of HD content via BBC iPlayer on Virgin Media's TV platform, including Robin Hood, Friday Night with Jonathan Ross and Later... with Jools Holland.
On 2 March 2011, Virgin released an iPlayer application for their TiVo digital video recorder. Unlike the previous implementation, the application streams over the internet rather than utilising Virgin's video-on-demand service, to comply with the BBC's then proposed syndication policy. The change also allows an increase in the amount of programmes available, from around 300 to 700 hours on average, bringing Virgin into line with the iPlayer on connected TV devices. At the same time, Virgin Media were also forced to remove direct access to BBC content on TiVo, meaning that instead of being able to access BBC content through its EPG, Virgin TiVo users instead had to go through the Apps and Games area or press the Red Button from a BBC channel. This access was reimplemented with the release of TiVo update 15.2 in late 2011, which integrated BBC iPlayer once again into the TiVo search and EPG after new guidelines on syndicated content were published by the BBC Trust.
BBC iPlayer was one of four service available at the launch of YouView in July 2012. At launch the BBC iPlayer app contained options to resume watching recent programmes, access favourites, browse the most popular shows, find similar programmes or more episodes, included integrated search and was the only service to feature HD video.
In September 2009, the BBC upgraded the PS3 iPlayer to provide H.264 playback and full screen content. Future plans for the PS3 iPlayer include features from iPlayer V3 scheduled for late 2010. On 8 August 2011, the application was updated and now includes access to BBC HD, however most content remains unavailable to PS3 users due to DRM restrictions.
In October 2013, Sony confirmed that the PlayStation 4 would have the BBC iPlayer app. Additionally, they announced that BBC iPlayer would continue to be free to access and would not be part of the PlayStation Plus subscription service.
On 9 April 2008, the BBC iPlayer was made available to stream video content on the Wii video game console via the Internet Channel. This was enabled by a recoding of the iPlayer to use Flash 7 rather than Flash 9. However, the Autumn 2009 update to the Wii's Internet Channel resulted in the iPlayer's no longer working on updated consoles. A BBC iPlayer in the form of a dedicated Wii channel was launched on 18 November 2009. The BBC iPlayer Channel is free to download from the Wii Shop Channel; on 10 February 2015 the BBC announced on their website that they had removed BBC iPlayer from Nintendo's Wii home console.
BBC confirmed  that this application was set to be released on Nintendo's Wii U at launch, but due to some issue, it was delayed. On January 2014, BBC stated that this application is set to appear soon on Wii U. On 11 December 2014, Senior product manager Peter Lasko of BBC stated that they hope this application will come to Wii U in early 2015. Without prior notice, however, the app was eventually released for the Nintendo eShop on the Wii U by May 28, 2015.
The BBC and Microsoft had been unable to reach a deal to add the iPlayer to the Xbox 360 for a number of years, because Microsoft’s strategy of charging for all content on its Xbox Live platform is incompatible with the BBC’s public service remit. Microsoft wanted to ensure that only those paying for Xbox Live Gold accounts could access its added content services. The BBC is not legally allowed to charge the UK public for access to the iPlayer, as the access charges for it are included in the BBC licence fee already.
In October 2011, it was announced that the BBC content would be made available to all Xbox Live members in the UK, including Xbox Live Free members. On 20 March 2012, BBC iPlayer became available on Xbox Live; the service includes Kinect functionality.
In October 2013, Microsoft confirmed that the Xbox One would have the BBC iPlayer app. However, despite Microsoft's claim that the BBC iPlayer app would be available for Xbox One from launch day in the UK, it was not. The BBC commented in December 2013, saying: "BBC iPlayer is already available to audiences on over 1,000 devices and platforms in the UK. Whilst we are working to bring BBC iPlayer to Xbox One in the future, we have no further details to share at this time."
In January 2014, a report by a BBC programmer announced that an issue with the Kinect sensor had caused the app's delay. He added that all Xbox One apps have to offer gesture and voice controls, as well as Snap features and media achievements. In August 2014, the BBC reported on its blog that they are aiming to released BBC iPlayer on Xbox One by the end of 2014.
On 4 December 2014 BBC iPlayer was released.
On 23 June 2010, after many months of complaints from Android users, BBC iPlayer officially announced support for the Android platform. Users can navigate to the usual BBC iPlayer website, and a mobile website is displayed. As a result of the BBC's decision to use Adobe Flash Player to handle video playback for Android devices on this website, users must be using Android 2.2 or later (the earliest Android version supported by Flash Player).
On 8 February 2011 the BBC announced that Android, alongside the iPad, would be amongst the first two platforms to receive a native iPlayer application. The application was made available via the Android Market to UK users, but as with the earlier mobile website, the application uses Adobe's Flash Player for video playback and as a result is only available for devices running Android 2.2 to 4.0 since Android 4.1 does not support Flash Player.
On 4 September 2012 the BBC posted on their internet blog that Android users would soon be able to download programs using the BBC iPlayer app.
On 19 September 2012 the BBC reported that an Adobe AIR based iPlayer application had been developed for Android 4.1, as well as earlier versions. The application, named BBC Media Player, is intended to permit continued iPlayer support for the Android platform.
On 5 November 2010, an official BBC iPlayer app that allows users to stream live television and radio, and catch-up on previously aired content became available for download on BlackBerry OS 5.0 (and higher) devices. A Wi-Fi connection is needed for an "optimal viewing experience" but 3 and Vodafone are allowing it run on their 3G networks.
On 7 March 2008, a beta version for Apple's iOS devices (iPhone, iPod Touch, and later iPad) was released, allowing streaming over a Wi-Fi connection. An update released on 12 December 2011 allowed streaming over 3G. On 4 September 2012, an update provided the ability to download programmes for up to 30 days, with a seven-day viewing window. The EDGE connectivity on the iPhone, however, is not supported, as it is too slow for streaming video.
Non-iPhone users were found to be watching and downloading streams intended for iPhone users allowing them to play them on alternative devices. The BBC modified the iPlayer service on 13 March 2008 to prevent this.  Through the month of June 2008 further methods were discovered by iPlayer users to watch and download streams intended for iPhones. A Ruby hole was followed by the BBC introducing XOR encryption on parts of the downloaded files if a genuine iPhone was not detected.
The BBC introduced specially crafted web bugs, referrer checks and download chunk limits, such that only devices exhibiting this behaviour, i.e. a genuine iPhone handset, would be able to stream the video content. A cycle of updates and reverse engineering has followed such that all the various streams, both for the iPhone and flash streaming service, are now able to be downloaded without the need for decryption or DRM circumvention. This has been made possible by various software which can effectively simulate a RTMP flash client or an iPhone. As of early December 2010 the iPhone mp3 access has been changed to use https. The server checks the client's certificate and only accepts connections for those issued to Apple. This change to the protocol not only prevents access to non Apple devices but also disables use by a number of early generation iPod Touch devices.
On 28 July 2011, BBC Worldwide released an international version of the iPlayer for the iPad. A UK version of the iPlayer for iPad app was also launched, however this version only allowed streaming video, and did not allow any offline viewing. In December 2011 the iPlayer app was extended to work with the iPhone and iPod Touch.
Nokia N96 phone
On 18 September 2008, the BBC announced that a version will become available to the Nokia N96 mobile phone as a download service to allow viewers to watch programmes even when they are out of reach of Wi-Fi or 3G networks. The launch date was set of 1 October 2008.
Shortly after on 9 September 2008, even before the BBC Nokia N96 download service had gone live, a method was published to independently download and play the iPlayer N96 3GP stream on other mobiles, Linux and Mac OS.
Additional mobile devices
In early December 2008, iPlayer was updated to include streaming radio and television, and extended to a variety of handsets including Nokia 5800 XpressMusic, Nokia N8, Samsung Omnia, Sony Ericsson C905, Sony Ericsson XPERIA X1, and Sony Ericsson W995.
Reception and adoption
Before the launch in December 2007, the BBC had hoped the service would reach half a million users in its first six months. This turned out to be a gross underestimate, as 3.5 million programmes were streamed or downloaded in the first three weeks alone. The Guardian described these figures as "remarkably promising".
In its first year, 2008, growth continued at an impressive rate. By April, the iPlayer accounted for around five percent of all UK Internet traffic, and had approximately five million page views per day by June. In December, it was announced that more than 180 million programmes have been watched on iPlayer since its release. During the BAFTAs in May, the iPlayer won the "Interactive Innovation Service/Platform" Award, beating Channel 4's 'Big Art Mob' and the Bebo 'Open Media Platform'. The streaming of programmes forms the lion's share of the success, outnumbering downloads eight to one in January 2008, and 97:3 in October 2009.
In the month of October 2009, it was revealed that the site experienced 70 million requests and transferred seven petabytes of data. Television formed about two thirds of all requests, with radio making up the rest. Most TV was streamed from pre-recorded footage, whereas live streaming was preferred of radio. Eighty-five percent of requests were from computers, with much of the rest coming from iPods, iPhones and PS3s (from a total of 15 platforms). The most popular TV programme of 2009 was Top Gear, and the most popular radio was that reporting The Ashes.
The success of iPlayer may be down to a "long tail" effect, with users seeking out niche programmes; programmes broadcast on digital channels are doing remarkably well. However, this is expected to change with the introduction of booking programmes to download in advance, and automatic downloading of the next episode.
The demands of the iPlayer have met with some concern and criticism from UK ISPs due to the added bandwidth the service will need. Several ISPs, notably Tiscali, have called on the BBC to partially fund network upgrades to cope with iPlayer traffic. The BBC responded by saying that the iPlayer was driving demand for broadband subscriptions.
During the 2005 and 2006 iPlayer trials, the digital rights management (DRM) system used was based on Microsoft's Windows Media DRM, which led to concerns about cross-platform availability, as this technology is available only for Windows XP. However, some users have managed to get it working using compatibility options in Microsoft's Windows Vista. The BBC emphasises that it "has a commitment to platform neutrality and a remit to make its content as widely available as possible", and that while the initial trial used a Microsoft-based technology, they are constantly looking for new technologies which would enable them to relax the restriction: Ashley Highfield, then BBC's director of Future Media and Technology, explained that "we have always started with the platform that reaches the most number of people and then rolled it out from there". They also point out that not all of the content delivered through the iPlayer will be subject to DRM – live streaming content, for instance, may not need the same level of control, presumably implying that players for OS X and Linux systems could be developed with a restricted range of content. However, a project was started to enable the iPlayer to work with other platforms via the Wine project. Streaming via the BBC iPlayer website is now available in all browsers supporting Adobe Flash. Also, iPlayer Desktop, which allows downloading programmes for later offline viewing, is available for Windows, Mac OS X and Linux.
On 14 August 2007, the Free Software Foundation staged a demonstration outside BBC Television Centre. The FSF's Peter T. Brown criticised the BBC for what he claimed was a break from previous tradition: the insistence that, for the first time, BBC viewers would be forced to use proprietary technology to watch BBC programmes.
On 18 February 2010, the BBC updated iPlayer with an SWF verification layer which attempts to close the door on open source implementations of Real Time Messaging Protocol streaming. The attempt was unsuccessful, with most existing open source applications remaining capable of playing or downloading RTMP content from the iPlayer.
BBC TV productions are paid for by the UK television licence fee and rights agreements with third parties. Thus, all BBC iPlayer TV programmes are accessible from IP addresses allocated to the UK only, as of 2011[update]. However, most radio programmes can be accessed globally, with the exception of a few programmes, mainly sports broadcasts, that are affected by rights issues. One quirk is that mobile devices, such as the iPhone and iPod Touch, cannot access radio overseas via BBC iPlayer whereas computers can.
An international version of the iPlayer was launched on 28 July 2011 in eleven western European countries, after receiving the approval of the BBC Trust in November 2010. The international iPlayer takes the form of an iPad application which offers a limited amount of free content, supported by pre-roll ads and sponsorship, but its core business model is subscription (subscription costs approximately £5.00 per month). The global iPlayer app includes some features that are not in the UK version, including the ability to stream shows over 3G as well as Wi-Fi, and a downloading feature to store programmes on one's mobile device for offline viewing. At launch 1,500 hours of content was made available, of which 60% had been produced and commissioned by the BBC, while 30% had been commissioned by the BBC but produced by independents. The other 10% was entirely non-BBC content, including ITV's Primeval, and Channel 4's The Naked Chef and Misfits. Launches in Australia and Canada followed by the end of 2011 as part of what was intended to be a one-year pilot.
Although US availability was also anticipated in 2011, an American launch date was never announced. Reports from the summer of 2012 claimed that American cable providers threatened to drop BBC America if the iPlayer, which duplicates much of the content on the cable channel, were made available in the US market. In a statement on the difficulties facing the US rollout, BBC’s Head of Communications for Global iPlayer Tessa Matchett said: "The United States is a very complex media market. Currently, we have one very successful cable channel in BBC America, and we’re looking into what options we have to roll out additional platforms in that country." In iPlayer's absence, online on-demand availability of British television programming in the US is divided between several subscription services and cable system dependent platforms.
In May of 2015 BBC Worldwide announced: "BBC Global iPlayer is closing permanently between 26th May and 26th June 2015. Any subscriptions will be honoured in full and auto-renewals will be switched off automatically after your final subscription term during this period. You will only be able to watch your downloads until the day your subscription lapses. This date can be found on your Subscriptions tab on the iTunes store. We would like to thank all of our subscribers for using the service. We are now developing plans to launch new digital services across multiple devices."
A television licence is not needed to view programmes on the iPlayer after they have been broadcast. The exception lies with the "Watch Live" simulcast option, which is accessible through and played on the iPlayer site, where eight of the BBC's channels are broadcast at virtually the same time as on television, and hence a valid TV licence is needed.
- Hewines, James (2 December 2008). "BBC iPlayer Goes Local". BBC Internet Blog. British Broadcasting Corp.
- Bird, Tom (28 May 2009). "BBC Redux" (PDF). Sheffield: UKNOF 13. pp. 2–16.
- "BBC iPlayer Launched". Broadband Finder. 27 December 2007.
- "BBC iPlayer Gets Re-designed". BBC Press Office. 25 June 2008.
- "BBC iPlayer Gets a Social Makeover". Tvgenius.net. 28 May 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
- Clark, Paul (17 February 2011). "BBC – BBC Internet Blog: BBC iPlayer: find programmes from other on demand services". BBC Online. Retrieved 11 March 2012.
- Watt, Dan Taylor (5 October 2014). "Rolling out 30 Day programme availability on BBC iPlayer". BBC Online. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
- Laughlin, Andrew (19 February 2011). "Interview: BBC iPlayer boss Daniel Danker". Digital Spy. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
[...] It was just about where we would have the biggest impact and it was judged that was iPad and Android.
- Bradshaw, Tim (6 March 2012). "BBC expects Olympics to usher in new TV age". Financial Times. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
- "BBC launches catch-up TV trials". BBC News. 29 September 2005. Retrieved 14 May 2008.
- Goliath.com "Results of the BBC's Integrated Media Player trial.". Goliath. 13 April 2007. Retrieved 14 May 2008.
- "BBC interactive Media Player: news & review". DJ Alchemi. 23 August 2004.
- "RFI20080274 - draft response.doc" (PDF). Whatdotheyknow.com. 27 July 2007. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
- Bobbie Johnson (14 May 2007). "Situation critical". The Guardian (London).
- "BBC online video service launches". BBC News. 27 July 2007. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
- Chris Williams (31 July 2007). "The BBC iPlayer 'launch' that wasn't". The Register. Retrieved 23 August 2008.
- "Over 10,000 sign BBC iPlayer petition". ZDNet. 24 July 2007. Retrieved 25 October 2008.
- "Government backs Trust on iPlayer". BBC. 7 September 2007. Retrieved 25 October 2008.
- "iplayer – epetition response". 10 Downing Street. 6 September 2007. Archived from the original on 27 December 2007. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
- "BBC enters strategic relationship with Adobe to enhance BBC iPlayer and bbc.co.uk". BBC Press Office. 16 October 2007. Retrieved 15 December 2007.
- "BBC increases reach of iPlayer as streaming begins". BBC Press Office. 13 December 2007. Archived from the original on 16 December 2007. Retrieved 15 December 2007.
- "Beeb iPlayer gets Firefox-friendly". The Register. 2 February 2008.
- Conlan, Tara (14 June 2007). "Broadcasters in web TV talks". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- "Samuel L Jackson to promote cable iPlayer". DigitalSpy. 29 February 2008. Archived from the original on 5 March 2008. Retrieved 29 February 2008.
- "BBC iPlayer On Virgin Media". BBC Press Office. 30 April 2008. Archived from the original on 6 May 2008. Retrieved 30 April 2008.
- "iPlayer (A Freedom of Information request to British Broadcasting Corporation by Rose)". BBC Future Media and Technology via MySociety – WhatDoTheyKnow?. 8 April 2008. Archived from the original on 3 May 2008. Retrieved 19 May 2008.
- "BBC to offer "series stacking"". British Broadcasting Corporation. 23 August 2008. Archived from the original on 17 September 2008. Retrieved 17 September 2008.
- "BBC iPlayer: series stacking". British Broadcasting Corporation. 17 September 2008. Archived from the original on 21 September 2008. Retrieved 17 September 2008.
- "Press Office – BBC unveils BBC iPlayer Desktop on Adobe AIR". BBC. 19 December 2008. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
- "BBC iPlayer now available on Mac". BBC News. 18 December 2008. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- Hattersley, Mark. "BBC releases iPlayer for Mac and Linux | iPod & Entertainment". Macworld. Archived from the original on 10 June 2011. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
- Anthony Rose. "Internet Blog: Introducing BBC iPlayer Desktop for Mac, Linux and PC". BBC. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
- "Gamescom LiveBlog". Sony Computer Entertainment Europe.
- "BBC iPlayer goes global with iPad app launch in 11 countries". The Guardian. 28 July 2011. Archived from the original on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
- "Why can I no longer download programmes to BBC iPlayer Desktop?". BBC. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- "Why are Windows Media downloads no longer available?". BBC. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- "Introducing Platform API".
- "get_iplayer search and PVR functions no longer work - no fix available".
- Barnett, Emma (16 January 2012). "BBC iPlayer enjoys record audience figures". The Telegraph. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
- "Olympic opening ceremony most requested on iPlayer". BBC News. 24 January 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
- Ian Morris (31 July 2007). "Crave Talk: Five things that are wrong with BBC iPlayer". CNET.
- Simon Fluendy (16 March 2008). "BBC iPlayer fans face hidden costs". Evening Standard. London.
- "Can I series link my favourite TV shows?". The BBC. 26 September 2007.
- "Beeb's iPlayer reaps streaming traffic dividends". The Register. Archived from the original on 2 February 2008. Retrieved 27 January 2008.
- Sweney, Mark (18 December 2007). "BBC gives the iPlayer a festive push". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- "iPlayer – Last 7 Days". BBC. Archived from the original on 23 January 2008. Retrieved 20 January 2008.
- "What kind of programmes are available on BBC iPlayer?". BBC. Retrieved 27 January 2008.
- Anthony Rose (25 June 2008). "BBC iPlayer 2.0: Sneak Preview". BBC. Retrieved 25 June 2008.
- Erik Huggers (26 June 2008). "BBC iPlayer 2.0: Promotional Video". BBC. Retrieved 26 June 2008.
- "BBC iPlayer for children launches". BBC. 19 December 2008. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
- "BBC iPlayer Desktop Manager release notes". BBC. 1 April 2010. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
- "BBC unveils iPlayer 3.0 with chat, social networking functionality". Retrieved 11 March 2012.
- "BBC iPlayer Desktop - Why am I unable to install new content and why have I lost downloaded content since installing the latest version of Adobe Air?". BBC. 9 November 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- "BBC iPlayer Desktop - Why am I unable to download programmes when using Google Chrome?". BBC. 5 December 2012. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- Introducing The New BBC iPlayer - Retrieved 17-3-14, BBC Internet Blog
- BT (26 May 2008). "TV Replay Is Changing". BT. Retrieved 26 May 2008.
- "BT Vision charges for BBC content". BBC News. 6 June 2008.
- "BT Vision VOD package review". Tech Radar. 26 September 2009.
- "BBC and BT partner to bring BBC iPlayer to BT Vision". BBC. 11 November 2010.
- "BBC iPlayer on TV in your living room: update". BBC. 5 April 2011.
- "BBC iPlayer launches on BT Vision". Digital Spy. 22 June 2011.
- "Where to get BBC iPlayer Home Media Hubs". bbc.com. Archived from the original on 29 July 2011. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
- "BBC Trust rejects IP Vision iPlayer complaints". Broadband TV News. 22 December 2009.
- "Freesat: 'No date yet on BBC iPlayer beta'". Digital Spy. 28 August 2009.
- "BBC iPlayer Standard Products on TV Platforms". BBC. 2 November 2009.
- "BBC iPlayer and ITV Player announce Freesat trials". BBC News. 25 November 2009. Archived from the original on 28 November 2009. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
- "BBC iPlayer Available From Next Week". Join Freesat. 18 December 2009.
- "BBC iPlayer Open To Public Beta". Join Freesat. 11 January 2010.
- "BBC iPlayer Beta Testing On Sony". Join Freesat. 21 January 2010.
- "BBC iPlayer To Launch On TechniSat, Harvard (pt2)". Join Freesat. 23 March 2010.
- "BBC iPlayer comes to more Freesat boxes". Digital Spy. 1 April 2010.
- "Panasonic Confirm BBC iPlayer Schedule". Join Freesat. 5 May 2010.
- "Panasonic iPlayer Update For 2008 Televisions". Join Freesat. 28 September 2011.
- "LG Offering Freesat Receivers For iPlayer". Join Freesat. 26 August 2010.
- "Freesat Assign BBC iPlayer and ITV Player Channel Slots". Join Freesat. 16 December 2010.
- Andrews, Amanda (4 May 2009). "Freeview rolls out high definition for World Cup". The Daily Telegraph (London). Archived from the original on 4 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- "BBC iPlayer Launches On Freeview HD Via MHEG-IC Connected TV Technology" (PDF). Impala. 7 April 2011.
- Solomon, Kate (10 February 2012). "Roku hits UK - brings iPlayer, Netflix and HD streaming". TechRadar. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
- "The NOW TV Box is here!". Now TV. 26 July 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
- "Sky Anytime+ goes from strength to strength with more content and increased reach". BSkyB Corporate. 30 January 2012.
- "BBC iPlayer comes to Sky+". BBC. 30 October 2012.
- "iPlayer deal saves BBC Sky platform costs". Broadband TV News. 12 March 2012.
- Laughlin, Andrew (30 October 2012). "BBC iPlayer goes live on Sky+ catch-up TV service". digitalspy.co.uk. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
- "iViewer iPlayer TV coming soon from... Marks & Spencer". Electricpig. 8 December 2009.
- Warman, Matt (11 January 2010). "BBC iPlayer to be built in to Samsung TVs". The Daily Telegraph (London). Archived from the original on 1 May 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- "Sony ditches AppliCast in favour of new net portal, plans BBC iPlayer for TV and Blu-ray". Home Cinema Choice. 11 March 2010.
- "Sony brings BBC iPlayer to Bravia TVs". TechRadar. 15 September 2010.
- "Virgin Media and BBC partner to bring BBC iPlayer to TV". BBC. 30 April 2008. Archived from the original on 7 May 2008. Retrieved 30 April 2008.
- "BBC iPlayer content enters Virgin EPG". Digital Spy. 30 May 2008. Archived from the original on 31 May 2008. Retrieved 30 May 2008.
- Dave West (21 July 2008). "Cable iPlayer earns 10.5m views". Digital Spy. Archived from the original on 1 September 2008. Retrieved 1 September 2008.
- "Virgin 'accounts for third of iPlayer viewing' – Digital TV News". Digital Spy. 26 September 2008. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
- "HD content comes to BBC iPlayer on Virgin Media". BBC. 1 May 2009.
- "Ofcom: BBC syndication policy fails consumer". Broadband TV News. 2 March 2011.
- "BBC syndication policy begins to bite". Broadband TV News. 7 April 2011.
- "Humax YouView DTR-T1000 review". Expert Reviews. 24 July 2012.
- Alexander, Jem (2 December 2008). "PS3 now fully supported by BBC iPlayer". Joystiq. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
- "Iplayer stats".
- "BBC iPlayer Statistics – January 2010". Slideshare.net. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
- Clover, Julian (12 November 2010). "iPlayer requests at all time high". Broadband TV News. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
- Anthony Rose. "Internet Blog: New version of BBC iPlayer for PS3 now available". BBC. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
- Chacksfield, Marc (21 June 2010). "BBC: PS3 version of iPlayer 3 'this year' | News | TechRadar UK". Techradar.com. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
- Halliday, Josh (8 August 2011). "New iPlayer app launches on PS3". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 August 2011.
- "Sony Confirms Most PlayStation 4 Services Remain Free as Microsoft Continues Charging". International Business Times. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "BBC announces Nintendo Wii deal". BBC News. 9 April 2008. Archived from the original on 10 April 2008. Retrieved 10 April 2008.
- "BBC iPlayer on Wii". BBC News. 9 April 2008. Archived from the original on 13 April 2008. Retrieved 12 April 2008.
- Sherwood, James (10 September 2009). "Wii web update wallops BBC iPlayer • reghardware". Reghardware.co.uk. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
- "BBC iPlayer launches Wii channel". BBC News. 13 November 2009. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- McFerran, Damien (2015-05-28). "BBC iPlayer Finally Arrives On The Wii U eShop". Nintendo Life. Retrieved 2015-05-29.
- Barnett, Emma (28 November 2009). "Xbox 360 iPlayer launch delayed indefinitely". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- "Putting BBC content on the Xbox LIVE". British Broadcasting Corporation. 5 October 2011.
- "BBC iPlayer launches on Xbox LIVE". British Broadcasting Corporation. 20 March 2012.
- "Xbox One price, release date and official specs". What Hi-Fi?. 25 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "Is BBC iPlayer available on Xbox One?". BBC. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
- Martin, Liam (20 January 2014). "Kinect blamed for BBC iPlayer delay on Xbox One". Digital Spy. Retrieved 24 March 2014.
- Parnwell, Marcus (8 August 2014). "New BBC iPlayer for Connected TVs: update". BBC. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- Lasko, Peter (4 December 2014). "BBC iPlayer comes to the Xbox One". BBC. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
- Madden, Dave (23 June 2010). "BBC iPlayer on mobile: a new version and Adobe Flash 10.1 streaming on all Android 2.2 phones". BBC Internet Blog. Archived from the original on 13 February 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2011.
- "myPlayer taken out by the BBC – latest app update removes BBC content". Eurodroid. 20 November 2010.
- Madden, Dave (12 July 2010). "BBC iPlayer on Android update". BBC Internet Blog. Archived from the original on 25 July 2010. Retrieved 25 July 2010.
- Danker, Daniel (8 February 2011). "BBC iPlayer apps, coming soon to Android and iPad". BBC Internet Blog. Archived from the original on 11 February 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2011.
- Madden, David. "Mobile Downloads for BBC iPlayer". BBC Internet Blog. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- Yanda, Chris. "New BBC Media Player for Android phones and tablets". BBC Internet Blog. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
- "BBC iPlayer for BlackBerry breaks out". Pocket-lint. 5 November 2010.
- "BBC iPlayer app streams video on the 3G mobile networks". BBC News. 12 December 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- "BBC iPlayer launches mobile-download service". BBC News. 4 September 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
- Anthony Rose (7 March 2008). "BBC iPlayer On iPhone: Behind The Scenes". BBC. Archived from the original on 11 March 2008. Retrieved 10 March 2008.
- "BBC iPlayer comes to the iPhone". BBC News. 7 March 2008. Archived from the original on 9 March 2008. Retrieved 10 March 2008.
- "BBC calls DRM cops on iPlayer download party". The Register. Archived from the original on 14 June 2008. Retrieved 4 June 2008.
- "BBC iPlayer fix hacked again!". Paul Battley. Archived from the original on 2 June 2008. Retrieved 6 June 2008.
- Matthew Postgate (8 September 2008). "BBC iPlayer on Nokia N96 mobile phone". BBC Internet Blog. Archived from the original on 11 September 2008. Retrieved 8 September 2008.
- "BBC iPlayer offered on Nokia N96". BBC News. 8 September 2008. Archived from the original on 9 September 2008. Retrieved 8 September 2008.
- Phil Lewis (9 September 2008). "Nokia N95/N96 BBC iPlayer Downloads working on Linux with vlc". Linuxcentre. Retrieved 9 September 2008.
- Jo Best (12 December 2008). "iPlayer Day: More devices, more broadcasters". Cnet. Archived from the original on 14 December 2008. Retrieved 12 December 2008.
- BBC Internet blogs (12 October 2008). "BBC iPlayer: New Mobile Website in beta". BBC. Retrieved 12 October 2008.
- Mark Sweney (27 June 2006). "BBC aims for 1m iPlayer users". The Guardian (London).
- Ashley Highfield (13 January 2008). "iPlayer Launch: First Indications". BBC.
- Mark Sweney (15 January 2008). "BBC iPlayer bursts through user target". The Guardian (London).
- Richard Wray (30 April 2008). "BBC iPlayer Launched on Virgin Media". London: The Guardian. Archived from the original on 30 May 2008. Retrieved 22 May 2008.
- Anthony Rose (25 June 2008). "BBC Internet Blog". BBC. Retrieved 25 June 2008.
- Ian Morris (9 December 2008). "BBC iPlayer may be offered to its commercial rivals". CNET UK.
- "Television Craft Winners in 2008 – The BAFTA site". British Academy of Film and Television Arts. 12 May 2008.
- Ashley Highfield (14 January 2008). "iPlayer Launch: First Indications". BBC.
- Arthur, Charles (30 November 2009). "BBC iPlayer use, in beautiful graphics". The Guardian (London). Archived from the original on 10 May 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- "The BBC iPlayer's 2009 TV top 10". The Guardian (London). 23 December 2009. Archived from the original on 5 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- "The BBC iPlayer's 2009 audio top 10". The Guardian (London). 23 December 2009. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- Jemima Kiss (13 August 2007). "ISPs fear iPlayer overload". London: The Guardian. Archived from the original on 15 May 2008. Retrieved 27 April 2008.
- "BBC and ISPs clash over iPlayer". BBC News. 9 April 2008. Archived from the original on 13 April 2008. Retrieved 27 April 2008.
- Hewines, James. "Behind the scenes of BBC iPlayer". BBC Internet Blog. BBC. Archived from the original on 31 May 2010. Retrieved 1 June 2010.
- "Vista.. Long live XP". BBC. Retrieved 4 February 2008.
- "iMP using Microsoft ... no chance of a Linux version then ?". BBC. Retrieved 4 February 2008.
- "BBC iPlayer on Linux project Wiki". BBC iPlayer Wiki. Archived from the original on 2 February 2008. Retrieved 4 February 2008.
- "Free software campaigners stonewalled at BBC". The Register. 14 July 2007.
- "BBC iPlayer rejects open source plugins, takes Flash-only path". The Register. 24 February 2010.
- "BBC aims to gain from global iPlayer". The Daily Telegraph. 7 November 2010.
- "BBC iPlayer Global App Hits The Wall In USA". HDTVtest. 11 August 2012.
- "Do I need a TV licence to watch programmes on BBC iPlayer?". BBC iPlayer Help. Retrieved 11 November 2009.
- "BBC iPlayer now available on a toaster". BBC internet blog. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- "Why the BBC's iPlayer volume control go to 11 – rxdxt". Rxdxt.tumblr.com. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
- BBC iPlayer – official site
- may/16/imp.shtml Press release announcing extended trial of iMP at BBC Online
- "Ask Bruce" article on iMP at BBC Online