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Bandar-e Anzali

For the administrative subdivision, see Bandar-e Anzali County.
"Enzeli" redirects here. For the racehorse, see Enzeli (horse).
Bandar-e Anzali
Anzali boulevard
Anzali boulevard
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Coordinates: 37°28′22″N 49°27′44″E / 37.47278°N 49.46222°E / 37.47278; 49.46222Coordinates: 37°28′22″N 49°27′44″E / 37.47278°N 49.46222°E / 37.47278; 49.46222{{#coordinates:37|28|22|N|49|27|44|E|type:city(109687)_region:IR |primary |name=

Country Template:Country data Iran
Province Gilan
County Bandar-e Anzali
Bakhsh Central
 • Mayor Reza Pourshaaban
Population (2006)
 • Total 109,687
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
File:Bandar-e Anzali Sea Tranzit.jpg
Bandar-e Anzali Sea Tranzit
File:Anzali lagoon Barry Kent.jpg
Anzali Lagoon on the Caspian Sea

Bandar-e Anzali English: Anzali Port Persian: بندرانزلی‎, also Romanized as Bandar-e Anzalī; before the Iranian Revolution, known as Bandar-e Pahlavi (Persian: بندر پهلوی), also Romanized as Bandar-e Pahlavī, Bandar Pahlavi, and Bandar Pahlevi, or simply as Pahlavī)[1] is a city in and the capital of Bandar-e Anzali County, Gilan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 109,687, in 32,424 families.[2]

Bandar-e Anzali (Anzali Port) is a harbour town ("Bandar" means "port") on the Caspian Sea, close to Rasht. Bandar-e Anzali is one of the most important seaports in the north of Iran. It consists of an island called Mianposhteh and the surrounding lands. Tourist attractions include a clock tower called Manareh, the long harbour promenade, and the water-logged delta of and beach along the Sefid River. Bandar-e Anzali is the port where the Polish Anders Army disembarked, in an operation that lasted from April 1 until October, 1942, after evacuating from the USSR. The Polish Cemetery in the city was created the same year.


Anzali is an old city in ancient Iran, they are related to Kadusin, owing to their pleasant relationship with Cyprus and their cooperation in battles, they changed their name to Anzan (Anshan-e Pars), which Greeks called Anzaluy. This word In Pahlavi language means Anzalag and the Arabic form of it is Anzalaj. Anzali Gulf was a safe harbour for trade ships and fishing boats. It was renamed to Pahlavi in 1935.

Its wonderful lagoon, Customs and City Hall edifice (Shahrdari), Mian Poshte Palace and Motamedi Edifice, are its tourist attractions. The structure Of Naser-al-din Shah Place which was built by Moayer-ol-mamalekk and its famous Sangi Bath was destroyed by people and natural factors.

A wonder of Sangi Bath was the system of heating and durability water in its basins. Some groups think that Motamedi edifice had been changed; it is now its police office. This Ghajar Structure built in two floors with the help of Mirza Abd-ol-Vahab.[3]


Tovoos Tower, the tallest tower in Bandar Anzali

The Anzali Lagoon divides the Anzali Port in two parts. The town is connected by two bridges to the Beheshti Island. There is a caviar processing factory in Bandar-e Anzali, some old ruins from 19th century and the popular Shanbeh Bazaar. Tourbebar is a village about 40 kilometers from Bandar-e Anzali, near the Anzali Lagoon.


Bandar-e Anzali has the most humid climate of any city in Iran, having a climate somewhat similar in its heavy autumn and early winter rainfall and persistent high humidity and low sunshine to the Sea of Japan coast of Japan, though it receives much less summer rainfall than that region. It remains classified as a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa). The warm and humid weather has allowed this region to grow crops such as rice and tea that require very large amounts of moisture, especially with the extra water draining from the Elburz Mountains.

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This page is a soft redirect. Climate data for Bandar-e Anzali
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Bandar-e Anzali is a center of caviar production. The preparation and marketing of which is a state monopoly, handled through The Iranian Fishing Company under the control of the Finance Ministry. The public is not admitted to the immense refrigerated hangars where tons of sturgeons, some as large as 3 meters long and weighing 100 kilograms, are stored after the removal of the caviar, usually equivalent to about one tenth of their weight.


File:Malavan Sport and Cultural Club Logo.jpg
Malavan Sport and Cultural Club Logo

The Iranian sports club Malavan Sport and Cultural Club is based in Bandar-e Anzali, their football team Malavan currently plays in the Iran Pro League.

People and culture

The people of Anzali speak Gileki as the maternal language and Persian as the national language.

Colleges and universities

  1. Anzali University
  2. Islamic Azad University of Anzali



  1. Bandar-e Anzali can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3055109" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (EXCEL) on 2011-11-11. 
  3. History/Anzali Port/Anzaliclub

External links

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