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Barcelona Metro

Barcelona Metro
125px
Overview
Native name Metro de Barcelona
Locale Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines

11 lines (Total)

  • 8 TMB full metro lines
  • 3 FGC lines
Number of stations 141 (TMB metro stations)[1]
163 (Total)
Annual ridership 412,583,000 (2012)[2]
Website Barcelona Metro
Operation
Began operation 1924
Operator(s) TMB & FGC
Number of vehicles 1674
Technical
System length Script error: No such module "convert".
(metro-standards TMB lines)[1]
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(Total, incl. FGC lines)[1][3]
Track gauge 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) for 15px
1,668 mm (5 ft 5 2132 in) for 15px
1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) for others
System map
File:Met2.svg
Unofficial map - network as of July 2013
File:L9 051.JPG
Can Peixauet.
File:Barcelona metro pl Catalunya.JPG
Plaça de Catalunya station (L1)

The Barcelona Metro (Catalan and Spanish: Metro de Barcelona)[a] is an extensive network of rapid transit electrified railway lines that run mostly underground in central Barcelona and into the city's suburbs. It is part of the larger public transport system of Barcelona, the capital of Catalonia (Spain), with unified fares under the Autoritat del Transport Metropolità (ATM) scheme. As of 2014, the network is operated by two separate companies: Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) and Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya (FGC). It is made up of 11 lines, combining the lines owned by the two companies. Two lines, L9 and L10 are being built at present, with both lines having a short section of each opened between 2009 and 2010. They are due to be completed in the near future.[when?] In addition to new extensions to several lines, in 2002 ATM announced its plans to build two more lines, L12 and L13.[4] Three lines on the network have opened as automatic train operation/driverless vehicle systems since 2009: Line 11, Line 9 and Line 10, in chronological order.

History

The Barcelona Metro was founded in 1924 with the construction of the Gran Metro between Lesseps and the Plaça de Catalunya, part of the modern Line 3. Two years later the Metro Transversal (now part of Line 1) was built between the Plaça de Catalunya and la Bordeta to link the city centre with the Plaça d'Espanya and Montjuïc, the site of the 1929 Barcelona International Exposition.

Today the network consists of ten lines managed by 2 different operators: Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB), which manages the major underground lines; and Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya (FGC, or Catalan Government Railways), which manages three integrated commuter lines running out into the extended metropolitan area. Fares are integrated into Autoritat del Transport Metropolità, a city-wide system that also includes local and regional buses and some regional train services. 98% of its railway tracks are underground.

Layout

The metro network proper, operated by TMB, consists of eight lines, numbered L1 to L5 and L9 to L11 (which are distinguished on network maps by different colours), covering Script error: No such module "convert". of route and 141 stations.[1]

FGC lines are numbered L6, L7 and L8. These lines share track with other FCG commuter rail lines, and so technically don't meet the definition of metro-standards lines.

None of the Barcelona Metro lines have a name of their own but are generally referred to by their colour or by the number and the names of their termini. The Funicular de Montjuïc, a funicular railway, is fare-integrated and listed on maps as part of the metro network, being connected directly to the metro at Paral·lel station.

The lines run as follows:

Line Number Termini Operator Current Length Approved Length Current Stations Approved Stations Year of Opening

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Hospital de BellvitgeFondo TMB 20.700 km 29.758 km 29 38 1929

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Paral·lelBadalona Pompeu Fabra TMB 13.700 km 18.466 km 18 34 1995

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Zona UniversitàriaTrinitat Nova TMB 18.400 km 20.024 km 26 36 1924

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Trinitat NovaLa Pau TMB 17.300 km 18.916 km 22 26 1973 (1926)

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Cornellà CentreVall d'Hebron TMB 19.168 km 19.168 km 26 27 1959

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Pl. CatalunyaReina Elisenda FGC 5.384 km 8.198 km 9 (3 shared with L7) 12 1976 (1863)

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Pl. CatalunyaAv. Tibidabo FGC 4.634 km 4.634 km 7 (3 shared with L6) 7 1954 (1863)

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Pl. EspanyaMolí Nou-Ciutat Cooperativa FGC 11.266 km 11.266 km 11 11 2000 (1912)

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La SagreraCan Zam TMB 7.867 km 47.8 km 9 (3 shared with L10) 39 2009

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La SagreraGorg TMB 5.57 km 47.8 km 6 (3 shared with L9) 33 2010

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Trinitat NovaCan Cuiàs TMB 2.109 km 5 2003

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Parc de MontjuïcParal·lel TMB 0.758 km 2 1928
File:Met2.svg
Network map

In addition to those, Renfe and FGC trains and the increasingly important Trambaix and Trambesòs routes and stations are displayed on most recent maps, including the info maps in the metro stations, all in a single variety of dark green.

L9 and L10

File:L9 041.JPG
Details of the capacity of trains.

Construction work is taking place currently on L9/L10, which will run from Badalona and Santa Coloma de Gramenet to the Zona Franca district and El Prat International Airport. The lines, which share a central section between Bon Pastor and Torrassa (L1), will be one of the longest automated metro lines in Europe, at Script error: No such module "convert"., and will have 52 stations. As of June 2010, eleven stations are open. The project was approved in 2000[5] but has been challenged by some technical difficulties and some of their sections are pending further geological analysis.

Proposed lines

Lines L12 and L13 are two current planned additions to the network.

L12 R3

A version of the project for this line, which has been recently given the name of R3, would connect some of the urban area municipalities in Baix Llobregat, such as Esplugues de Llobregat, Sant Joan Despí or Sant Just Desvern, more efficiently than the original idea, bringing them closer to the capital by optimising connections with the bus, tram and train systems. It is due to be completed in 2015 with a budget of close to €870 million.

L13

This line would become, along with L11, one of the two underground light-rail lines fully integrated into the network. As with L11, the intention is to provide access to a hilly area of the metropolitan area: the hospital in Can Ruti in Badalona. The original project includes only three stations (which may not preclude expansion):

New FGC line

A new Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat (FGC) urban line was proposed in late 2010. If completed, it would run from the new Poblenou developments to the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), in Cerdanyola del Vallès through La Sagrera and the district of Horta-Guinardó. This line doesn't have a number or name yet.[6][7][8]

Past projects

Besides the current projects above mentioned, from the 1960s onwards some projects were put forward. Among these were a service numbered line VI (following the Roman numeral convention of the network at the time) and a 1980s project for a line crossing Avinguda Diagonal from north-west to south-east, the Diagonal line.[9]

Cards and pricing

In addition to the one-way ticket (€2.15 as of February 2014[10] there are a number of other tickets and cards. All of the Autoritat del Transport Metropolità (ATM) transport cards are valid and can be used in the Barcelona Metro. These are:

  • T10, which includes ten rides at a discounted price
  • T50/30–50 journeys made in 30 consecutive days from the first use
  • T Familiar (70/30)
  • T Mes
  • T Trimestre
  • T Dia, which includes unlimited trips within a day
  • T Jove

All of the metro stations are within fare zone 1. Fares can be found on this page.

Stations

File:Llefià metrostation.jpg
Elevators in Llefià station.

As of mid 2007, there are currently 150 operational stations in the Barcelona Metro, served by the 9 lines in current use, which will increase to 209 when lines L9 and L10 are finally completed. The average distance between stations is 650 metres.

An overwhelming majority of stations in the network lack related buildings or structures aboveground, mostly consisting of an access with stairs, escalators and sometimes an elevator. The official TMB metro indicator, a red rhombus with a M inside, remains unused by FGC lines, which use their company logo and a different rhombus-shaped logo (actually rather similar to the one used inside the Madrid Metro) inside stations. Below ground their decoration is remarkably sober, with the exception of a few stations.

Disused stations

A number of stations in the network have been closed, were never inaugurated, or have been moved to a nearby location. See the main article for more details.

Accessibility

Accessibility for wheelchairs and for parents with pushchairs is being improved but the metro system is not yet fully accessible. A project of improvements is gradually adding more lifts from street level to ticket office level and then from ticket office level to the platforms, though many stations remain without access. See Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona for more information on which stations are currently accessible.

Transportation in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona

The Barcelona Metro is part of a larger transportation network, regulated and fare-integrated by Autoritat del Transport Metropolità.

Among these services, there are two large systems which operate both inside and outside the city limits of Barcelona: the commuter train lines operated by Renfe, amalgamated in the Rodalies Barcelona, or Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya lines which start in the metro lines the company operates (L6, L7 and L8) and which become a fully-fledged railway system which serves most of the metropolitan area: list of FGC lines. FGC is developing Sabadell Metro and Terrassa Metro as extensions of its network in the large cities of Sabadell and Terrassa respectively.

See also

Barcelona Metro topics

Rapid transit in Barcelona

Other metro systems in Spain

Notes

  1. ^ Local pronunciation:

References

External links