The city's cathedral, dedicated to Saint Peter (Cathédrale Saint-Pierre de Beauvais), in some respects the most daring achievement of Gothic architecture, consists only of a transept and quire with apse and seven apse-chapels. The vaulting in the interior exceeds 46 m in height. The cathedral underwent a major repair and restoration process in 2008.
Begun in 1247, under Bishop William of Grès (Guillaume de Grès, Guillaume de Grez), an extra 5 m were added to the height, to make it the tallest cathedral in Europe: the work was interrupted in 1284 by the collapse of the vaulting of the choir, a disaster that produced a temporary failure of nerve among the masons working in Gothic style. The transept was built from 1500 to 1548. In 1573 the fall of a too-ambitious central tower stopped work again, after which little addition was made.
Its façades, especially that on the south, exhibit all the richness of the late Gothic style. The carved wooden doors of both the north and the south portals are masterpieces respectively of Gothic and Renaissance workmanship. The church possesses an elaborate astronomical clock (1866) and tapestries of the fifteenth and seventeenth centuries; but its chief artistic treasures are stained glass windows of the thirteenth, fourteenth and sixteenth centuries, the most beautiful of them from the hand of the Renaissance artist, Engrand Le Prince, a native of Beauvais. To him also is due some of the stained glass in St. Etienne, the second church of the town, and an interesting example of the transition stage between the Romanesque and Gothic styles.
During the Middle Ages, on 14 January, the Feast of Asses was celebrated in the Beauvais Cathedral, in commemoration of the Flight into Egypt.
Other notable sites
In the Place de l'Hôtel de Ville and in the old streets near the cathedral there are several houses dating from the 12th to the 16th centuries. The Hôtel de ville, close to which stands the statue of Jeanne Hachette, was built in 1752.
The episcopal palace, now used as a court-house, was built in the 16th century, partly upon the Gallo-Roman fortifications. The church of Saint-Étienne is a Romanesque-Gothic building (early 12th-late 16th centuries), including, in one of its transept's portals, a sculpture of "Wheel of Life"
- Beauvais – Persan-Beaumont – Paris Gare du Nord ;
- Beauvais – Creil ;
- Beauvais – Abancourt – Le Tréport.
Beauvais-Tillé Airport, dating from the 1930s, lies in north of the city, in Tillé. It is used as a gateway to Paris by several low-cost carriers. Traffic growth is significant: in 1997, 200,000 passengers used it annually, but by 2006, it was more than 1.8 million. Airport usage increased by 40% a year on average between 2001 and 2005. The airport is mainly used for passenger traffic (only 2 to 3 flights involve freight each month) and serves 48 destinations.
Public transport in Beauvais is provided by Corolis (formerly The Urban Transport network of Beauvaisis French: Transports Urbains du Beauvaisis or TUB). The transit bus (commuter bus) network consists of 25 regular lines which serve Beauvais and its suburbs, including:
- 12 day lines
- 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 12 13 14
- 3 Sunday lines.
- 11A 11B 11C
- 3 summer lines.
- 10 (divided into 3 sub lines)
- 7 Demand responsive transport lines
- T1 T2 T3 T5 T6 T7 T8
- 3 shuttles
- Navette Aéroport (Airport Shuttle) Navette Parking (Parking Shuttle) Navette LaSalle (Polytechnic Institute of LaSalle Shuttle)
Environmentally friendly transportation
In an effort to promote cleaner urban transportation and protect the environment, the city began to develop a "Green Plan" (Plan vert). Ultimately, the goal is to have a network of Script error: No such module "convert". bicycle paths.
- Dominique Ansel, pastry chef and creator of the Cronut
- Guillaume Brenner, footballer
- Hubert de Givenchy, fashion designer
- Henri Lebesgue, mathematician
- Anthony Mfa Mezui, footballer
- Mustapha Yatabare, footballer
- Sambou Yatabare, footballer
- Jérôme Lempereur, footballer (born 1973)
The industry of Beauvais comprises, besides the state manufacture of tapestry, which dates from 1664, the manufacture of various kinds of cotton and woollen goods, brushes, toys, boots and shoes, and bricks and tiles. Market-gardening flourishes in the vicinity and an extensive trade is carried on in grain and wine.
The town is the seat of a bishop, a prefect and a Court of Assizes; it has Tribunals of First Instance and of commerce, together with a Chamber of Commerce, a branch of the Bank of France, a higher ecclesiastical seminary, a lycée and training colleges.
Amongst the major companies operating in the town are Nestle and Agco (Massey Ferguson). Also present since 1986 is RS Components, founded by Jerry Vaughan, and now operating from a purpose built distribution centre to the east of the town
Twin towns – Sister cities
Beauvais is twinned with:
- 23x15px Maidstone, United Kingdom, since 1961
- 23x15px Witten, Germany, since 1975
- 23x15px Setúbal, Portugal, since 1982.
There are also partnerships with:
- Charles Delettre, "Histoire du diocèse de Beauvais, depuis son établissement", Volume 2, Harvard Library
- Milo of Nanteuil, bishop of Beauvais, builder of the Beauvais Cathedral
- Bishop of Beauvais-Noyon-Senlis
- 12px One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Beauvais". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 599. This cites V. Lhuillier, Choses du vieux Beauvais et du Beauvaisis (1896).
- Invalid language code. http://encyclopedie.arbre-celtique.com/bratuspantium-3216.htm Encyclopédie de l'Arbre Celtique
- Xavier Delamarre, Noms de lieux celtiques de l'Europe Ancienne (Errance, 2012) p.86
- Coin Hoard Article[dead link]
- Marshall Faintich. The "Beauvais" Hoard, SymbolicMessengers.com website, 2002. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
- Hoemberg, Elisabeth, Thy People, My People, J. M. Dent & Sons, London, 1950, p. 63
- "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District" (PDF). Twins2010.com. 2009. Retrieved 28 October 2009.[dead link]
|40x40px||Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Beauvais.|
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Beauvais.|
- Official website
- Unofficial website
- Beauvais's city guide (unofficial)
- blog46, BIJ & EPM (open cybercafé)
- Catholic Encyclopedia: Diocese of Beauvais
- Coin Hoard Article
- AGE LaSalle-Beauvais
- Google Earth view of Beauvais Cathedral from south
- Google Earth view of (truncated) west end of Beauvais Cathedral and Basse Oeuvre
Lua error in Module:Authority_control at line 346: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).