OTC Pink: BDRFY
|Founded||28th March 1882|
|Stefan F. Heidenreich (CEO and Chairman of the management board), Reinhard Pöllath (Chairman of the supervisory board)|
|Revenue||€6,285 million (2014)|
|€ 796 million (2012)|
|#redirect Template:If affirmed||€ 537 million (2012)|
Number of employees
|17,398 (end 2014)|
Beiersdorf AG is a German personal care company based in Hamburg, manufacturing personal care products. Its brands include Elastoplast, Eucerin (makers of Aquaphor), Labello, La Prairie, Nivea and tesa (tesa tape).
The company was founded in 1882 by pharmacist Paul Carl Beiersdorf in Hamburg and sold to Oscar Troplowitz in 1890. Paul C. Beiersdorf's patent for a new manufacturing process of medical plasters, dated 28 March 1882, is regarded as foundation date of the company.
In 1906, the first white soap and in 1909 the first lip care stick named Labello were launched. Troplowitz kept working with his scientific consultant Paul Gerson Unna and the german chemist Isaac Lifschütz on a new skin care cream. As Lifschütz found the emulsifier Eucerit (= "the beautiful wax"), the basic ingredient of the NIVEA Creme was finally there and they started selling the skin care cream in December 1911.
The company kept growing: While in 1890 there were only eleven employees, in 1918 the company already employed about 500 people. In 1892 Troplowitz bought a property for the new company´s headquarter and Beiersdorf moved to Hamburg-Eimsbuettel. Thanks to this, the company was able to switch to a mechanical system and to expand the product range. As Troplowitz kept networking internationally, the products were well known worldwide very soon.
Dr. Oscar Troplowitz and his co-partner Dr. Otto Hanns Mankiewicz both died in 1918. Due to this, Beiersdorf had to change its legal form. Finally, on 1st June 1922 the stock company P. Beiersdorf & Co. AG was founded. In the same year Hansaplast was released. Furthermore, the design of the NIVEA Creme tin was changed to the typical blue and white tin as we know it today.
In 1929, the Beiersdorf stocks were dealt for the first time on the Stock Exchange in Hamburg. Globally existed more than 20 production sites. Numerous products like shaving cream or shampoo were launched in the 1930s. When Beiersdorf celebrated its 50th company anniversary in 1932, it already employed more than 1.400 employees. In 1936, tesa was introduced as umbrella brand for self-adhesive technology. The first innovative product is the transparent self-adhesive film known as tesa film.
Due to the pressure of the National Socialists, in 1933 Jewish board members – like the chairman Dr. Willy Jacobsohn – had to resign. Jacobsohn emigrated to Amsterdam and managed the international subsidiaries up to the year 1938 when he left Amsterdam and went to the US. During the Nazi-Regime, Carl Claussen was chairman and led the company through the difficult time. Elly Heuss-Knapp, married to Theodor Heuss and after the war the new First Lady of the federal republic of Germany, was a freelancer at Beiersdorf and responsible for important parts of the NIVEA advertising. She took care of keeping the advertising messages free from Nazi´s ideology. After the war, most of the production sites and the administration building in Hamburg lay in ruins. Furthermore, most of the international subsidiaries have been expropriated and Beiersdorf lost the NIVEA trademark rights. But sooon after the end of the war Beiersdorf started to rebuy the trademark rights. In 1949, Beiersdorf generated a turnover of 30 millions Deutsche Mark. 
In 1951 launched the first deodorizing soap. This was the beginning of what we knows today as the brand 8x4. In the year 1972 Beiersdorf employed already more than 10.000 people worldwide. In 1974 the company established the divisional organization, divided in cosmed, medical, pharma and tesa. Furthermore, Max Herz´ heirs (Tchibo) took over a share of 25 percent of the company. In 1981 Beiersdorf generates for the first time a turnover of 2 billion Deutsche Mark. A few years later, in 1989, the company started to change its strategic orientation. Three key areas were identified: skin care, adhesives technology and wound management. Beiersdorf aligned its range of products according to these key areas and expended the NIVEA and tesa product ranges. The company standardized the production processes, unified the international brand policy and focused on cosmetics. The NIVEA ranges were the most successful ones – the cream as well as anti-ageing care, baby care and sun products. 
In the 1990s, Beiersdorf started to repurchase the trademark rights – especially in Great Britain, Australia and South Africa – and becomes one of the biggest skin care brands in the world. Finally, in 1997 the last trademark right is bought back by buying the majority stake of the Polish company Pollena-Lechia which is today the NIVEA Polska SA.
In 2001 tesa was found as a subsidiary of Beiersdorf AG. From the very first year, tesa was able to assert its position in the market. Today it offers about 6.500 different adhesive products and adhesive systems. 
On April 1, 2001, the company founded an independent subsidiary, BSN Medical as a joint venture of Beiersdorf (Hamburg) and the British-based, American-owned Smith & Nephew (London) and serves on the market of surgical dressing, orthopaedics and phlebology. BSN Medical had 350 employees in Germany and 3,400 worldwide in 2004. The turnover received 504 mn euros and its operating income reached 70 mn euros. In 2006 BSN medical was sold to Montagu Private Equity for 1.03 bn euros.
Another subsidiary, "Beiersdorf Shared Services GmbH" was founded in 2003. BSS, to which Beiersdorf's IT and accounting services were outsourced, operates independently but serves as an internal partner for the whole Beiersdorf group. BSS employs 350 people worldwide, 275 of them in Hamburg.
Also in 2003, a 2-year bidding war ended. The American company Procter & Gamble had sought to purchase its competitor Beiersdorf and proposed a take-over deal to Allianz insurance, which then held 19.6% of Beiersdorf's stock. Fearing that Procter & Gamble was interested only in Beiersdorf's brands and not in the company as a whole, many in Hamburg preferred to retain local ownership. The city of Hamburg and its state-owned holding company HGV created such a solution. The Herz family, owner of the German company Tchibo, who already had a stake in Beiersdorf, increased their holdings to 49.9%. Allianz still held 3.6%; Beiersdorf AG bought up 7.4% of its shares, of which 3% were given to the Beiersdorf pension fund. Another share holder, a private family, retained their share. This public-private alliance ensured that Beiersdorf's headquarters would remain in Hamburg and continue to provide hundreds of jobs, while paying taxes of approximately 200 mn euros annually.  In June 2009 Allianz reduced its holdings from 7.2 to 2.88 percent.
Beiersdorf has been present in India since the 1930s through its brand Nivea. For over 70 years, all of Beiersdorf's products were imported into India. However, Beiersdorf is currently building its first manufacturing facility in the Indian city of Sanand, located in the state of Gujarat. This factory will also house a R&D facility which will focus on innovations for Indian consumers as well as other markets. 
Since 22 December 2008, Beiersdorf AG has been traded on the Deutschen Aktienindex (DAX).
- "Annual Report 2014". Beiersdorf. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
- Hamburger Abendblatt (24 October 2003). "Sieg für Hamburg: Tchibo und Stadt kaufen Beiersdorf" (in German). Retrieved 8 September 2009.
- Die Welt (27 June 2009). "Allianz reduziert Anteil an Beiersdorf-Konzern" (in German). Retrieved 8 September 2010.
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