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Bergisch Gladbach

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Coordinates: 51°06′N 07°07′E / 51.100°N 7.117°E / 51.100; 7.117Coordinates: 51°06′N 07°07′E / 51.100°N 7.117°E / 51.100; 7.117{{#coordinates:51|06|N|07|07|E|type:city(110217)_region:DE-NW|| |primary |name= }}</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Country</th><td> Germany</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">State</th><td> North Rhine-Westphalia</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Admin. region</th><td> Köln </td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">District</th><td> Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis </td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left">Government</th></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Mayor</th><td> Lutz Urbach (CDU)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left">Area</th></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Total</th><td> 83.12 km2 (32.09 sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left">Population (2007-06-30)</th></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Total</th><td> 110,217</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Density</th><td> 1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Time zone</th><td> CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Postal codes</th><td class="adr"> 51401-51469</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Dialling codes</th><td> 02202, 02204, 02207</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Vehicle registration</th><td> GL</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Website</th><td> www.bergischgladbach.de</td></tr></table> Bergisch Gladbach (Template:IPA-de, Colognian: Schäbbesch Jläbbesch [ɕɛbɪʃjɫɛbɪʃ]) is a town in the Cologne/Bonn Region of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, and capital of the Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis (district).

Geography

Bergisch Gladbach is located east of the river Rhine, approx. 10 kilometers east of Cologne.

Neighbouring municipalities

Beginning in the north clockwise the neighbouring municipalities and neighbouring towns are: Odenthal, Kürten, Overath, Rösrath, Cologne and Leverkusen.

History

Early settlements existed in the 13th century, but the town was officially founded in 1856.

File:Bensberg Rathaus2.jpg
Old castle and town hall of Bensberg

The word Bergisch in the name does not originate from its location in the earldom of Berg and was not added to distinguish it from Mönchengladbach as believed by many people, but from the earls who gave their name to the region. At the start of the 12th century the earls of "Berg" settled in the area and it became the grand duchy of Berg. This is where the first part of the name (Bergisch) comes from.

The second part of the name, Gladbach (cognate with English Ladbrooke) originates from Low German (Bergisches Platt) and means canalised stream, referring to the small river (the Strunde) that was artificially canalised (laid) in early medieval times. In Bergisch Platt, the regional dialect, laid is said gelaat, a word which eventually evolved to glad (in this case the 'd' is pronounced as a 't'). The second part of the word, bach is the standard German word for a small stream, referring in this case to the Strunde.

In 1975 the city incorporated the neighbouring Bensberg and when it reached a population of 100,000 in 1977 it was given municipality status.

Bergisch Gladbach
Forecourt of Schloss Bensberg
Forecourt of Schloss Bensberg
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Largest groups of foreign residents[1]
Nationality Population (2013)
23x15px Turkey 2,132
23x15px Italy 853
23x15px Poland 835
23x15px Greece 672
23x15px Serbia 260
23x15px Austria 242
23x15px Russia 238
23x15px Croatia 236
23x15px Netherlands 235
23x15px Bosnia & Herzegovina 205

Economy

Paper manufacturing, printing, glass wool manufacturing, and high-tech industries make up a large part of Bergisch Gladbach's economy.

International relations

Bergisch Gladbach is twinned with:

Country Place County / District / Region / State Date
23x15px France Bourgoin-Jallieu 25px Rhône-Alpes 1956
23x15px United Kingdom Luton 25px Bedfordshire 1956
23x15px Netherlands Velsen 25px North Holland 1956
23x15px France Joinville-le-Pont 1960
23x15px United Kingdom Runnymede 1965
23x15px Lithuania Marijampolė 1989
23x15px Cyprus Limassol 1991
23x15px Poland Pszczyna Silesian voivodship, pszczyński county, Pszczyna gmina 1993
23x15px Palestine Beit Jala West Bank 2010

Ganei Tikva Israel 2012

Born in Bergisch Gladbach

High Schools in Bergisch Gladbach

References

  1. ^ "Staatsangehörigkeit in Bergisch Gladbach". Stadt Bergisch Gladbach. Retrieved 2014-10-27. 

External links

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