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Bhagirathi River

This article is about the tributary of the Ganges. For the distributary in West Bengal, see Hooghly River. For the 2012 film, see Bhagirathi (film).
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This page is a soft redirect.Devprayag, Uttarakhand, India#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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This page is a soft redirect.3,800 m3/s(134,196 cu ft/s) <tr><td colspan="2">
Map showing the Himalayan headwaters of the Bhagirathi river. The numbers in parentheses refer to the altitude in meters.

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Bhāgīrathī River
Sacred bathing ghats on Bhagirathi River at Gangotri
Name origin: "Bhagirathi" (Sanskrit, literally, "caused by Bhagiratha")
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This page is a soft redirect.Template:Country data India

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This page is a soft redirect.Uttarakhand,

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This page is a soft redirect.Garhwal division
Murshidabad

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This page is a soft redirect.Murshidabad
Uttar Kashi District, Tehri District

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Gaumukh (gou, cow + mukh, face), about Script error: No such module "convert". from the town of Gangotri
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Alaknanda River
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Ganges
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This page is a soft redirect.205 km (127 mi)

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[1]

The Bhāgīrathī (Pron:/ˌbʌgɪˈɹɑːθɪ/) is a turbulent Himalayan river in the Indian states of Uttarakhand, and one of the two headstreams of the Ganges, the major river of Northern India and the holy river of Hinduism. In Hindu mythology and culture, the Bhagirathi is considered the source stream of the Ganges. However, in hydrology, the other headstream, Alaknanda, is considered the source stream on account of its great length and discharge.

Etymology

The word "Bhagirathi" (Sanskrit, literally, "caused by Bhagiratha") refers to a mythological Sagar Dynasty prince who, to gain the release his 60,000 great-uncles from the curse of saint Kapila, brought the goddess Ganga in the form of the river Ganges, from the heavens to the earth.[2] Bhagiratha was the king of Kosala, a kingdom in ancient India. He was a descendent of the great King Sagara of the Suryavanshi, or Surya Dynasty. He was one of the forefathers of Lord Rama, of the Ramayana, the epic in which Bhagiratha's tale is primarily recounted.[3]

Course

The headwaters of the Bhagirathi are formed at Gaumukh (elevation Script error: No such module "convert".), at the foot of the Gangotri glacier and Khatling glaciers in the Garhwal Himalaya. It is then joined by its tributaries; these are, in order from the source:

  • Kedar Ganga at Gangotri (elevation Script error: No such module "convert".),
  • Jadh Ganga at Bhaironghati (elevation Script error: No such module "convert".),
  • Kakora Gad and Jalandhari Gad near Harsil (elevation Script error: No such module "convert".),
  • Siyan Gad near Jhala (elevation Script error: No such module "convert".),
  • Asi Ganganear Uttarkashi (elevation Script error: No such module "convert".),
  • Bhilangna River near Old Tehri (elevation Script error: No such module "convert".).

The Bhilangna itself rises at the foot of the Khatling Glacier (elevation Script error: No such module "convert".) approximately Script error: No such module "convert". south of Gaumukh.

The river flows from its source for Script error: No such module "convert". before meeting the Alaknanda River at an elevation of Script error: No such module "convert". in the town of Devprayag. Downstream of this confluence, considered holy by Hindus, the river is known as the Ganga Ji, or Ganges River by westerners. The controversial Tehri dam lies at the confluence of the Bhāgirathi and the Bhilangna, at 30°22′32″N 78°28′48″E / 30.37556°N 78.48000°E / 30.37556; 78.48000{{#coordinates:30|22|32|N|78|28|48|E| | |name=

}}, near Tehri. Chaukhamba I is the highest point of the Bhagirathi basin.

Dams

There are 18 dams along the Bhāgirathi River, either in operation, under construction or planned. These are, in order from the source:

Hydroelectric Dams on the Bhāgirathi River[4]
Abbreviations: MW: electrical output capacity(Megawatts), Ht: dam height(M) FRL: full reservoir level (MSL), MWL:maximum water level(MSL), HRT: head race tunnel length(KM), TRT: tail race tunnel length(KM), TWL: tail water level(MSLTemplate:Disambiguation needed), RBL: river bed level at dam site(MSL)
# Name Ht MW Status FRL MWL HRT TRT TWL RBL Coordinates
1 Karmoli Dam 140 planned 8.6
2 Gangotri Dam 55 planned 5.2
3 Jadhganga Dam 50 planned 1.1
4 Bhaironghati I Dam 380 planned
5 Bhaironghati II Dam 65 planned
6 Harsil Dam 210 planned 5.06
7 Loharinag Pala Dam 600 construction 2,147 1,667 13.85 .51 1.665 58|6|N|78|41|56|E| name=

}}

8 Pala Maneri I Dam 78 480 construction 1,665 1,667 12.563 1.378
9 Maneri Dam 38 90 operation 8.631
10 Joshiyara (Bhali) Dam 304 operation 16.0
11 Bhilangana II Dam 11 planned
12 Bhilangana I Dam 22.5 planned 2.0
13 Tehri Dam 260.5 2,400 operation 830 835 1.634 .8625 22|40|N|78|28|50|E| name=

}}

14 Koteshwar Dam 97.5 400 operation 612.50 615
15 Kotli Bel 1A Dam 82.5 195 construction
16 Kotli Bel 1B Dam 90 320 construction
17 Kotli Bel II Dam 82 530 construction

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Bhāgirathi River in Murshidabad,West Bengal
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Notes

  1. ^ Catchment Area Treatment:, Bhagirathi River Valley Development Authority, Uttaranchal
  2. ^ Mankodi, Kirit (1973) "Gaṅgā Tripathagā"Artibus Asiae 35(1/2): pp. 139-144, p. 140
  3. ^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. India through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 76. 
  4. ^ "Map of the Bhagirathi River showing dams" (PDF). Dams, Rivers & People. South Asian Network on Dams Rivers & People(sandrp.in). August 2008. Retrieved 7 March 2010. 

References

External links