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This page is a soft redirect. Climate data for Bielefeld
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This page is a soft redirect.Source: worldweatheronline.com
Industry and education
Bielefeld was a linen-producing town, and in the early 1920s the Town's Savings Bank (Stadtsparkasse) issued money made of linen, silk and velvet. These items were known as 'stoffgeld'.
In addition to the manufacture of home appliances and various heavy industries, Bielefeld companies include Dr. Oetker (food manufacturing), Möller Group (leather products and plastics), Seidensticker (clothing and textiles) and v. Bodelschwinghsche Stiftungen Bethel with 17.000 employees.
Bielefeld University was founded in 1969. Among its first professors was the notable contemporary German sociologist Niklas Luhmann. Other institutions of higher education include the Theological Seminary Bethel (Kirchliche Hochschule Bethel) and the Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences (German: Fachhochschule Bielefeld), which offers 21 courses in 8 different departments (agriculture and engineering are in Minden) and has been internationally recognized for its photography school.
|Largest groups of foreign residents|
|Nationality||Population (June 30, 2014)|
|Template:Country data Kazakhstan||3,945|
|Template:Country data Iraq||3,417|
|23x15px United Kingdom||1,665|
|Template:Country data Kyrgyzstan||1,124|
|23x15px Bosnia and Herzegovina||781|
Two major autobahns, the A 2 and A 33, intersect in the south east of Bielefeld. The Ostwestfalendamm expressway connects the two parts of the city, naturally divided by the Teutoburg Forest. Bielefeld Hauptbahnhof, the main railway station of Bielefeld, is on the Hamm–Minden railway and is part of the German ICE high-speed railroad system. Bielefeld has a small airstrip, Flugplatz Bielefeld, in the Senne district but is mainly served by the three larger airports nearby, Paderborn Lippstadt Airport, Münster Osnabrück International Airport and Hannover Airport.
Bielefeld boasts a well-developed public transport system, served mainly by the companies moBiel (formerly Stadtwerke Bielefeld - Verkehrsbetriebe) and "BVO". The Bielefeld Stadtbahn has four major lines and regional trains connect different parts of the city with nearby counties. Buses also run throughout the entire vicinity.
Sparrenburg Castle is Bielefeld's characteristic landmark. It was built between 1240 and 1250 by Count Ludwig von Ravensberg. The Script error: No such module "convert". high tower and the catacombs of the castle are open to the public.
The Old City Hall (Altes Rathaus) was built in 1904 and still serves the same function. Its façade features elements of various architectural styles, including Gothic and Renaissance. Though the mayor still holds office in the Old City Hall, most of the city's administration is housed in the adjacent New City Hall (Neues Rathaus).
The City Theatre (Stadttheater) is part of the same architectural ensemble as the Old City Hall, also built in 1904. It has a notable Jugendstil façade, is Bielefeld's largest theatre and home of the Bielefeld Opera. Another theatre (Theater am Alten Markt) resides in the former town hall building on the Old Market Square (Alter Markt), which also contains a row of restored 16th and 17th-century townhouses with noteworthy late Gothic and Weser Renaissance style façades (Bürgerhäuser am Alten Markt).
The oldest city church is Altstädter Nicolaikirche. It is a Gothic hall church with a height of Script error: No such module "convert".. It was founded in 1236 by the Bishop of Paderborn, and enlarged at the beginning of the 14th century. The church was damaged in World War II and later rebuilt. Three times a day, a carillon can be heard. The most valuable treasure of this church is a carved altar from Antwerp, decorated with 250 figures. A small museum housed within illustrates the history of the church up to World War II.
The largest church is the Neustädter Marienkirche, a Gothic hall church dating back to 1293, completed 1512. It stands Script error: No such module "convert". tall and has a length of Script error: No such module "convert".. Historically speaking, this building is considered to be the most precious possession of the town. It was the starting point of the Protestant Reformation in Bielefeld in 1553. A valuable wing-altar with 13 pictures, known as the Marienaltar is also kept inside. The baroque spires were destroyed in World War II and later replaced by two unusually-shaped "Gothic" clocktowers. The altarpiece of the Bielefeld church Neustädter Marienkirche from around 1400 is among the most prominent masterpieces of artwork of the German Middle Ages. Two of the altarpieces, The Flagellation and The Crucifixion are now in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
Other important cultural sights of the region are the art museum (Kunsthalle), the Rudolf Oetker concert hall (Rudolf-Oetker-Halle), and the city's municipal botanical garden (the Botanischer Garten Bielefeld). Bielefeld is home to the widely known Bielefeld Children's Choir (Bielefelder Kinderchor), founded in 1932 and in the postwar era famed for its recordings of traditional German Christmas carols. Particularly notable is the choir's annual Christmas Concert in the Rudolf Oetker concert hall. Foreign tours have taken the choir to many European countries, and also the U.S.A. and Japan.
- Friedrich von Bodelschwingh, Senior (1831–1910), Second boss of the "Evangelischen Heil- und Pflegeanstalt für Epileptische" (Evangelic Sanatorium for Epileptics) (1874 renamed into "Bethel")
- Birthplace of Friedrich von Bodelschwingh, Junior (1877–1946), Third boss of the von Bodelschwinghsche Anstalten, named after F. v. Bodelschwingh, the Older (Later renamed into von Bodelschwinghsche Stiftungen)
- Birthplace of Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau (1888–1931), film director
- Birthplace of Kevin John Edusei, music director of the Münchner Symphoniker
- Birthplace of Klaus Hildebrand (* 1941), historian
- Birthplace of Hannes Wader (* 1942), political Singer-songwriter ("Liedermacher")
- Birthplace of Aleida Assmann (* 1947), professor of English, Literary and Cultural Studies
- Birthplace of Michael Diekmann (* 1953), Chief Executive Officer, Allianz
- Birthplace of Rolf Kanies (* 1957), German actor
- Birthplace of Lena Goeßling (* 1986-), women's association football player for Germany women's national football team and VfL Wolfsburg (women)
- Birthplace of Julius Delius (* 1822–1901) and his wife Elise Pauline, née Krönig (* 1838–1929), the parents of Frederick Delius (* 1862-1934).
- Hometown of Aylin Tezel (*1983), German actress
- "Bielefeld - History". Bielefeld.de. Archived from the original on 27 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
- Many examples can be found on the http://www.notgeld.com website, where a new catalogue listing all the variants of different coloured borders and edges made on the 100m piece is being compiled.
- "Veterans History Project". Ccsu.edu. 2005-02-24. Retrieved 2011-04-07.
- McKillop, Jack. "Combat Chronology of the USAAF". Archived from the original on 10 June 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-25. October 1944 & January 1945
- "RAF History - Bomber Command 60th Anniversary". Raf.mod.uk. Retrieved 2011-04-07.
- "University of Applied Sciences Bielefeld". Retrieved 2009-10-23.
- "Statistische Kurzinformation Bielefeld Bevölkerung in den Stadtbezirken" (PDF). Bielefeld - Amt für Demographie und Statistik. Retrieved 2014-07-25.
- "Flugplatz Bielefeld". Flugplatz-bielefeld.de. Archived from the original on 29 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-07.
- Cf. v. Bodelschwinghsche Stiftungen Bethel
- "Städtepartnerschaften" (in German). Büro Oberbürgermeister Bielefeld. Retrieved 2015-01-03.
- "Serwis informacyjny UM Rzeszów - Informacja o współpracy Rzeszowa z miastami partnerskimi". www.rzeszow.pl. Retrieved 2010-02-02.[dead link]
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