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Bilabial ejective

Bilabial ejective
IPA number 101 + 401
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Kirshenbaum p`
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The bilabial ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is .


Features of the bilabial ejective:

Template:Voiceless short

  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • Because the sound is not produced with airflow over the tongue, the centrallateral dichotomy does not apply.
  • The airstream mechanism is ejective (glottalic egressive), which means the air is forced out by pumping the glottis upward.


In addition to the languages listed below, this sound is also common in Ethiopian Semitic languages.

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Adyghe пӏэ About this sound [pʼa]  'bed'
Armenian Yerevan dialect[1] պոչ [pʼotʃʰ] 'tail' Corresponds to tenuis [p⁼] in other Eastern dialects
Chechen пӏелг [pʼelɡ] 'finger' See Chechen phonology
Georgian არ [ˈpʼar] 'sun'
Hadza bbu [ɦuːpʼu] 'to lift something heavy' (mimetic)
Haida ttappad [tʼapʼat] 'to break' (mimetic)
Kabardian пӏэстэ [pʼasta] 'pasta'
Nez Perce p’íłin [ˈpʼiɬin] 'hole'
Quechua p’acha [pʼat͡ʃa] 'clothes'
Ubykh [saakʲʼawəpʼtsʼaj] 'what is your name?' See Ubykh phonology

See also


  1. ^ Dum-Tragut (2009:17–18)


  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009), Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company