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Bipin Chandra Pal

This article is about the Indian nationalist leader. For the Indian historian, see Bipan Chandra.
Bipin Chandra Pal
Born (1858-11-07)November 7, 1858
Habiganj, British India (now Bangladesh)
Died 20 May 1932(1932-05-20) (aged 73)
Organization Indian National Congress, Brahmo Samaj
Movement Indian Independence movement
Signature 150px

Bipin Chandra Pal About this sound pronunciation ; November 7, 1858–May 20, 1932) was an Indian nationalist. He was among the triumvirate of Lal Bal Pal.

Early life and background

Bipin Chandra Pal was born in Poil Village, Habiganj District, Bengal state of British India now part of Bangladesh, in a wealthy Hindu Vaishnava family. His father was Ramchandra Pal, a Persian scholar and small landowner. His son was Niranjan Pal, one of the founders of Bombay Talkies. He studied and taught at the Church Mission Society College (now the St. Paul's Cathedral Mission College), an affiliated college of the University of Calcutta.[1] B.C. Pal is known as the 'Father of Revolutionary Thoughts' in India and was one of the freedom fighters of India.[2]

Role in congress

  1. In 1886 he joined the Indian National Congress. At the Madras session of congress held in 1887,Bipin Chandra made a strong plea for repeal of the Arms Act which was discriminatory in nature.
  2. Along with Lala Lajpat Rai and Bal Gangadhar Tilak he belonged to the Lal,Bal and Pal trio that was associated with revolutionary activity. In fact Aurobindo Ghosh and Pal were recognised as the chief exponents of a new national movement revolving around the ideals of Purna Swaraj, Swadeshi, boycott and national education.
  3. His programme consisted of Swadeshi, Boycott and national education. He preached the use of Swadeshi and the Boycott of foreign goods to eradicate poverty and unemployment.
  4. He wanted to remove social evils from the form and arouse the feelings of nationalism through national criticism.
  5. He had no faith in mild protests in the form of Non-Cooperation with the government. On that one issue, the Assertive nationalist leader had nothing common with Gandhi.
  6. During last six years of his life he parted company with the Congress and led a secluded life. Sri Aurobindo referred to him as one of mightiest prophets of nationalism.


  • Owen, N (2007), The British Left and India, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-923301-2 .

External links

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