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Bissau

This article is about the capital of Guinea-Bissau. For the town in Rajasthan, India, see Bissau, Rajasthan.
Bissau
Downtown Bissau
Downtown Bissau
Template:Infobox settlement/columns
Location of Bissau in Guinea-Bissau

Coordinates: 11°51′N 15°34′W / 11.850°N 15.567°W / 11.850; -15.567Coordinates: 11°51′N 15°34′W / 11.850°N 15.567°W / 11.850; -15.567{{#coordinates:11|51|N|15|34|W|type:city(395954)_region:GW|| |primary |name=

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Country 23x15px Guinea-Bissau
Region Bissau Autonomous Sector
Founded 1687
Area
 • Total 77.5 km2 (29.9 sq mi)
Elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2010 est.)
 • Total 395,954
 • Density 5,100/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code GW-BS

Bissau is the capital city of Guinea-Bissau. In 2007 Bissau had an estimated population of 407,424.[1] Bissau is located on the Geba River estuary, off the Atlantic Ocean, and is Guinea-Bissau's largest city, major port, and its administrative and military centre.

History

The city was founded in 1687 by Portugal as a fortified port and trading center. In 1942 it became the capital of Portuguese Guinea.

After the declaration of independence by the anti-colonial guerrillas of PAIGC in 1973, the capital of the de facto independent territories was declared to be Madina do Boe. Bissau remained as the capital of the Portuguese-occupied regions, and the de jure capital of all of Portuguese Guinea. When Portugal recognized the independence of Guinea-Bissau and decolonised in 1974 due to the military coup of April 25 in Lisbon, the two territories merged and Bissau became the capital of the new independent state. The city is known for its annual carnival.

The city, as the seat of government, was the scene of intense fighting during the beginning and end of the Guinea-Bissau Civil War in 1998 and 1999.[2]

Geography and climate

Bissau is located at 11°52' North, 15°36' West (11.86667, -15.60) [1], on the Geba River estuary, off the Atlantic Ocean. The land surrounding Bissau is extremely low-lying, and the river is accessible to ocean-going vessels despite its modest discharge for about Script error: No such module "convert". beyond the city.

Bissau has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw), not quite wet enough to qualify as a tropical monsoon climate (Am) but much wetter than most climates of its type. Almost no rain falls from November to May, but during the remaining five months of the year the city receives around Script error: No such module "convert". of rain. During the wet season and even during the three months beforehand, high humidity makes heat discomfort extreme.

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This page is a soft redirect. Climate data for Bissau, Guinea-Bissau (1974-1994)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

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Demographics

The last time an official census was held in the country in 1991, Bissau had a population of 195,389. By 2007 Bissau had an estimated population of 407,424.[1]

Economy

Bissau is the country's largest city, major port, educational, administrative and military center. Peanuts, hardwoods, copra, palm oil, and rubber are the chief products. The airport that serves Bissau is Osvaldo Vieira International Airport.

Landmarks

Attractions include the Portuguese-built Fortaleza de São José da Amura barracks from the 18th century, containing Amílcar Cabral's mausoleum, the Pidjiguiti Memorial to the dockers killed in the Bissau Dockers' Strike on August 3, 1959, the Guinea-Bissau National Arts Institute, Bissau New Stadium and local beaches.

Many buildings in the city were ruined during the Guinea-Bissau Civil War (1998–1999), including the Guinea-Bissau Presidential Palace and the Bissau French Cultural Centre (now rebuilt), and the city centre is still underdeveloped.

View of Bissau from Geba River 
Ministério da Justiça - Guinea-Bissau`s Justice Ministry 
Che Guevara Square, Bissau 
The road from the airport to the Parliament 
Public transport in Bissau 
A landmark monument in the city center 
An ECOWAS branch in Bissau 
PAIGC's headquarters 
Residential area in Bissau 
Ruins of the former presidential palace 
French Culture in Bissau 
Amílcar Cabral Bridge 
Central Post Office building 
Bissau seen from Rio Geba 

International relations

File:Bissau SPOT 1051.jpg
A satellite view of Bissau, 2002.

Twin towns – Sister cities

Bissau is twinned with:

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Instituto Nacional de Estatística e Censos
  2. Uppsala Conflict Data Program Conflict Encyclopedia, Guinea Bissau: government, in depth, viewed July 12, 2013, http://www.ucdp.uu.se/gpdatabase/gpcountry.php?id=68&regionSelect=2-Southern_Africa#
  3. "GUINEA-BISSAU - BISSAU". Centro de Investigaciones Fitosociológicas. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  4. "Bissau Climate Guide". Centro de Investigaciones Fitosociológicas. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  5. "Lisboa - Geminações de Cidades e Vilas" [Lisbon - Twinning of Cities and Towns]. Associação Nacional de Municípios Portugueses [National Association of Portuguese Municipalities] (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2013-08-23. 
  6. "Acordos de Geminação, de Cooperação e/ou Amizade da Cidade de Lisboa" [Lisbon - Twinning Agreements, Cooperation and Friendship]. Camara Municipal de Lisboa (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2013-08-23. 
  7. "Geminação com Bissau e Gabu é reforço para lusofonia"

Further reading

  • Lobban, Richard Andrew, Jr.; Mendy, Peter Karibe (1997). Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (3rd ed.). Scarecrow Press. pp. 91–96. ISBN 0-8108-3226-7. 

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