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Borussia Dortmund

Borussia Dortmund
Full name Ballspielverein Borussia 09 e.V. Dortmund
Nickname(s) Die Borussen
Die Schwarzgelben (The Black and Yellows)
Der BVB (The BVB)
Short name BVB
Founded 19 December 1909; 110 years ago (1909-12-19)
Ground Signal Iduna Park
Ground Capacity 81,264
President Reinhard Rauball
Chairman Hans-Joachim Watzke (CEO)
Head Coach Jürgen Klopp
League Bundesliga
2014–15 7th
Website Club home page
33px Current season

Ballspielverein Borussia 09 e.V. Dortmund, commonly known as Borussia Dortmund Template:IPA-de,[1] Dortmund, or BVB, is a German sports club based in Dortmund, North Rhine-Westphalia. The football team is part of a large membership-based sports club with more than 115,000 members,[2] making BVB the third largest sports club by membership in Germany. Dortmund plays in the Bundesliga, the top tier of the German football league system. Dortmund is one of the most successful clubs in German football history.[3][4]

Borussia Dortmund was founded in 1909 by seventeen football players from Dortmund. Borussia Dortmund have won eight German championships, three DFB-Pokals, five DFL-Supercups, one UEFA Champions League, one UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, and one Intercontinental Cup. Their Cup Winners' Cup win in 1966 made them the first German club to win a European title.

Since 1974, Dortmund have played their home games at Westfalenstadion. The stadium is the largest in Germany and Dortmund has the highest average attendance of any association football club in the world.[5] Borussia Dortmund's colours are black and yellow, giving the club its nickname die Schwarzgelben.[6][7] Dortmund holds a long-standing rivalry with Ruhr neighbours Schalke, known as the Revierderby. Dortmund also has a rivalry with Bayern Munich. In terms of Deloitte's annual Football Money League, Dortmund is the second biggest sports club in Germany and the eleventh biggest football team in the world.[8]


Foundation and early years

File:Borussia dortmund 1913.jpg
Borussia Dortmund in 1913

The club was founded on 19 December 1909 by a group of young men unhappy with church-sponsored Trinity Youth, where they played football under the stern and unsympathetic eye of the local parish priest. Father Dewald was blocked at the door when he tried to break up the organizing meeting being held in a room of the local pub, Zum Wildschütz. The founders were Franz and Paul Braun, Henry Cleve, Hans Debest, Paul Dziendzielle, Julius and Wilhelm Jacobi, Hans Kahn, Gustav Müller, Franz Risse, Fritz Schulte, Hans Siebold, August Tönnesmann, Heinrich and Robert Unger, Fritz Weber and Franz Wendt. The name Borussia is Latin for Prussia but was taken from the Borussia beer from the nearby Borussia brewery in Dortmund.[9] The team began playing in blue and white striped shirts with a red sash, and black shorts. In 1913, they donned the black and yellow stripes so familiar today.

Over the next decades the club enjoyed only modest success playing in local leagues. They had a brush with bankruptcy in 1929 when an attempt to boost the club's fortunes by signing some paid professional footballers failed miserably and left the team deep in debt. They survived only through the generosity of a local supporter who covered the team's shortfall out of his own pocket.

The 1930s saw the rise of the Third Reich which restructured sports and football organizations throughout the nation to suit the regime's goals. Borussia's president was replaced when he refused to join the Nazi Party, and a couple of members who surreptitiously used the club's offices to produce anti-Nazi pamphlets were executed in the last days of the war. The club did have greater success in the newly established Gauliga Westfalen, but would have to wait until after World War II to make a breakthrough. It was during this time that Borussia developed its intense rivalry with FC Schalke 04 of suburban Gelsenkirchen, the most successful side of the era (see Revierderby). Like every other organisation in Germany, Borussia was dissolved by the Allied occupation authorities after the war in an attempt to distance the country's institutions from the so-recent Nazi past. There was a short-lived attempt to merge the club with two others – Werksportgemeinschaft Hoesch and Freier Sportverein 98 – as Sportgemeinschaft Borussia von 1898, but it was as Ballspiel-Verein Borussia (BVB) that they made their first appearance in the national league final in 1949 where they lost 2–3 to VfR Mannheim.[citation needed]

First national titles

Between 1946 and 1963, Borussia featured in the Oberliga West, a first division league which dominated German football through the late 1950s. In 1949, Borussia reached the final in Stuttgart against VfR Mannheim, which they lost 2–3 after extra time. The club claimed its first national title in 1956 with a 4–2 win against Karlsruher SC. One year later, Borussia defeated Hamburger SV 4–1 to win their second national title. After this coup the three Alfredos (Alfred Preißler, Alfred Kelbassa and Alfred Niepieklo) were legends in Dortmund. In 1963, Borussia won the last edition of the German Football Championship before the introduction of the new Bundesliga to secure their third national title.

Entry to the Bundesliga

In 1962, the DFB met in Dortmund and voted to finally establish a professional football league in Germany to begin play in August 1963 as the Bundesliga. Borussia Dortmund earned its place among the first sixteen clubs to play in the new league by winning the last pre-Bundesliga national championship. Losing club 1. FC Köln also earned an automatic berth. It was Dortmund's Friedhelm Konietzka who scored the first-ever Bundesliga goal barely a minute into a match which they would eventually lose 2–3 to Werder Bremen.

In 1965, Dortmund captured its first DFB-Pokal. In 1966, Dortmund won the European Cup Winners' Cup 2–1 against Liverpool in extra time with the goals coming from Sigfried Held and Reinhard Libuda. In the same year, however, the team surrendered a commanding position atop the Bundesliga by losing four of their last five league games and finished second, three points behind champions TSV 1860 München. Ironically, much of 1860's success came on the strength of the play of Konietzka, recently transferred there from Dortmund.

The 1970s were characterized by financial problems and relegation from the Bundesliga in 1972 and the opening of the Westfalenstadion, named after its home region Westphalia in 1974. The club earned its return to Bundesliga in 1976.

Dortmund continued to suffer from financial problems through the 1980s. BVB narrowly avoided being relegated again in 1986 by winning a third decisive play-off-game against Fortuna Köln after finishing the regular season in 16th place.

Dortmund did not enjoy any significant success again until a 4–1 DFB-Pokal win in 1989 against SV Werder Bremen. It was Horst Köppel's first trophy as a manager. Dortmund then won the 1989 DFL-Supercup 4–3 against rivals Bayern Munich.

Golden age – the 1990s

After a tenth-place finish in the Bundesliga in 1991, manager Horst Köppel was let go and manager Ottmar Hitzfeld was hired.

In 1992, Hitzfeld led Borussia Dortmund to a second-place finish in the Bundesliga and could have won the title had VfB Stuttgart not won their last game to become champions instead.

Along with a fourth-place finish in the Bundesliga, Dortmund in 1993 made it to the UEFA Cup final, which they lost 6–1 on aggregate to Juventus. In spite of this result, Borussia walked away with DM25 million under the prize money pool system in place at the time for German sides participating in the Cup. Cash flush, Dortmund was able to sign players who later brought them numerous honours in the 1990s.

Under the captaincy of 1996 European Footballer of the Year Matthias Sammer, Borussia Dortmund won back-to-back Bundesliga titles in 1995 and 1996. Dortmund also won the DFL-Supercup against Mönchengladbach in 1995 and Kaiserslautern in 1996.

In 1996–97 the team reached its first European Cup final. In a memorable 1997 UEFA Champions League Final at the Olympiastadion in Munich, Dortmund faced the holders Juventus. Karl-Heinz Riedle put Dortmund ahead, shooting under goalkeeper Angelo Peruzzi from a cross by Paul Lambert. Riedle then made it two with a bullet header from a corner kick. In the second half, Alessandro Del Piero pulled one back for Juventus with a back heel. Then 20-year old substitute and local boy Lars Ricken latched on to a through pass by Andreas Möller. Only 16 seconds after coming on to the pitch, Ricken chipped Peruzzi in the Juventus goal from over 20 yards out with his first touch of the ball. With Zinedine Zidane unable to make an impression for Juventus against the close marking of Lambert,[10][11][12] Dortmund lifted the trophy with a 3–1 victory.

Dortmund then went on to beat Brazilian club Cruzeiro 2–0 in the 1997 Intercontinental Cup Final to become world club champions.[13] Borussia Dortmund were the second German club to win the Intercontinental Cup, after Bayern Munich in 1976.[14]

21st century and Borussia "goes public"

At the turn of the millennium, Borussia Dortmund became the first—and so far the only—publicly traded club on the German stock market.

In 2002, Borussia Dortmund won their third Bundesliga title. Dortmund had a remarkable run at the end of the season to overtake Bayer Leverkusen, securing the title on the final day. Manager Matthias Sammer became the first person in Borussia Dortmund history to win the Bundesliga as a player and manager.[15] In the same season, Borussia lost the final of the 2001–02 UEFA Cup to Dutch side Feyenoord.

Dortmund's fortunes then steadily declined for a number of years. Poor financial management led to a heavy debt load and the sale of their Westfalenstadion ground. The situation was compounded by failure to advance in the 2003–04 UEFA Champions League when the team was eliminated on penalties in the qualifying rounds by Club Brugge. In 2003, Bayern Munich loaned €2 million to Dortmund for a couple of months to pay their payroll. Borussia was again driven to the brink of bankruptcy in 2005, the original €11 value of its shares having plummeted by over 80% on the Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse (Frankfurt Stock Exchange). The response to the crisis included a 20% pay cut to all players.[16]

Fans at the famous Südtribüne (English: South stand) in Signal Iduna Park

The team still plays at Westfalenstadion, named after its home region of Westphalia. To reduce debts, the stadium was renamed "Signal Iduna Park", after a local insurance company, in 2006 under a sponsorship agreement that runs until 2016. The stadium is currently the largest football stadium in Germany with a capacity of 80,720 spectators, and hosted several matches in the 2006 FIFA World Cup, including a semi-final. Borussia Dortmund enjoys the highest average attendance of any football club in Europe, at 80,478 per match (2010–11).

Dortmund suffered a miserable start to the 2005–06 season, but rallied to finish seventh. The club failed to gain a place in the UEFA Cup via the Fair Play draw. The club's management recently indicated that the club again showed a profit; this was largely related to the sale of David Odonkor to Real Betis and Tomáš Rosický to Arsenal.

In the 2006–07 season, Dortmund unexpectedly faced serious relegation trouble for the first time in years. Dortmund went through three coaches and appointed Thomas Doll on 13 March 2007 after dropping to just one point above the relegation zone. Christoph Metzelder also left Borussia Dortmund on a free transfer.

In the 2007–08 season, Dortmund lost to many of the smaller clubs in the Bundesliga. That season was one of the worst in 20 years. Nevertheless, Dortmund reached the DFB-Pokal Final against Bayern Munich, where they lost 2–1 in extra time. The final appearance qualified Dortmund for the UEFA Cup because Bayern already qualified for the Champions League. Thomas Doll resigned on 19 May 2008 and was replaced by Jürgen Klopp.

Return to prominence

File:Championship celebration Borussia Dortmund 2011.jpg
Borussia Dortmund players celebrate winning the Bundesliga in 2011

In the 2009–10 season, Dortmund qualified for the UEFA Europa League and finished fifth in the Bundesliga. The team missed an opportunity to qualify for the Champions League by failing to beat eighth placed VfL Wolfsburg and 14th placed SC Freiburg in the final two matches of the campaign. Nonetheless, they demonstrated a renewed charisma and passion under the direction of coach Jürgen Klopp.

Entering the 2010–11 season, Dortmund fielded a young and vibrant roster which looked better. On 4 December 2010, Borussia became Herbstmeister (Autumn Champion), an unofficial accolade going to the league leader at the winter break. They did this three matches before the break, sharing the record for having achieved this earliest with Eintracht Frankfurt (1993–94) and 1. FC Kaiserslautern (1997–98).[17] On 30 April 2011, the club beat 1. FC Nuremberg 2–0 at home, while second-placed Bayer Leverkusen lost, leaving Dortmund eight points clear with two games to play. This championship equaled the seven national titles held by rivals Schalke 04, and guaranteed a spot in the 2011–12 UEFA Champions League group stages.[18]

File:Borussia dortmund celebration 2012 collage.jpg
Borussia Dortmund celebrate winning the Bundesliga and DFB-Pokal double in 2012

One year later, Dortmund made a successful defense of its Bundesliga title with a win over Borussia Mönchengladbach, again on the 32nd matchday. By the 34th and final matchday, Dortmund set a new record with the most points—81—ever gained by a club in one Bundesliga season.[19][20] This was surpassed the following season by Bayern Munich's 91 points.[21] The club's eighth championship places it third in total national titles and players will now wear two stars over their uniform crest in recognition of the team's five Bundesliga titles. Notable names from the winning roster include Lucas Barrios, Mario Götze, Neven Subotić, Mats Hummels, Robert Lewandowski, Shinji Kagawa, Łukasz Piszczek, Jakub Błaszczykowski, Kevin Großkreutz, Ivan Perišić, and İlkay Gündoğan. The club capped its successful 2011–12 season by winning the double for the first time by beating Bayern Munich 5–2 in the final of the DFB-Pokal. Borussia Dortmund are one of four German clubs to win the Bundesliga and DFB-Pokal double along with Bayern Munich, 1. FC Köln, and Werder Bremen.[22] The club was voted Team of the Year 2011 at the annual Sportler des Jahres (German Sports Personality of the Year) awards.

Borussia Dortmund ended the 2012–13 season in second place in the Bundesliga. Dortmund played in their second UEFA Champions League Final against Bayern Munich in the first ever all-German club final at Wembley Stadium on 25 May 2013 which they lost 2–1.[23]

In the 2013–14 season, Borussia Dortmund won the 2013 DFL-Supercup 4–2 against rivals Bayern Munich.[24] The 2013–14 season started with a five-game winning streak for Dortmund, their best start to a season. Despite such a promising start however, their season was hampered by injuries to several key players which saw them stoop as low as fourth place in the table, and with a depleted squad could only go as far as the quarter-finals of the UEFA Champions League losing 3–2 on aggregate to Real Madrid. Nevertheless Dortmund managed to end their season on a high by finishing second in the Bundesliga and reaching the DFB-Pokal Final losing 0–2 to Bayern Munich in extra time.[25] They then began their 2014–15 season by defeating Bayern Munich in the 2014 DFL-Supercup 2–0. However, this victory would not be enough to inspire the squad to a solid performance at the start of the ensuing season, with Dortmund recording various results such as a 0–1 loss to Hamburger SV, a 2–2 draws against both VfB Stuttgart and Bundesliga newcomer SC Paderborn.[26] In winter, Dortmund fell to the bottom of the table on multiple occasions, but managed to escape the relegation zone after four consecutive wins in February.[27]



File:Signal Iduna Park new sign.jpg
Signal Iduna Park is the biggest stadium in Germany
The Borusseum, a museum about Borussia Dortmund

The Westfalenstadion is the home stadium of Borussia Dortmund. It is Germany's biggest stadium and the seventh biggest stadium in Europe.[28] The stadium is officially named "Signal Iduna Park". The insurance company Signal Iduna purchased the rights to name the stadium until 2021.[29] However this name cannot be used when hosting FIFA and UEFA events, since these governing bodies have policies forbidding corporate sponsorship from companies that are not official tournament partners. During the 2006 FIFA World Cup, the stadium was referred to as "FIFA World Cup Stadium, Dortmund". In UEFA club matches, it is known as "BVB Stadion Dortmund". The stadium now hosts up to 80,645 fans (standing and seated) for league matches, and 65,829 seated spectators for international games.[30] For these, the characteristic southern grandstand is re-equipped with seats to conform with FIFA regulations.

In 1974, the Westfalenstadion replaced the Stadion Rote Erde, which is located next door and serves now as the stadium of Borussia Dortmund II. After the increasing popularity of Borussia Dortmund in the 1960s, it became obvious that the traditional ground was too small for the increasing number of Borussia Dortmund supporters. The city of Dortmund, however, was not able to finance a new stadium and federal institutions were unwilling to help. But in 1971, Dortmund was selected to replace the city of Cologne, which was forced to withdraw its plans to host games in the 1974 FIFA World Cup. The funds originally set aside for the projected stadium in Cologne were thus re-allocated to Dortmund and a new stadium became a reality.

The Westfalenstadion has undergone several renovations throughout the years to increase the size of the stadium, including an expansion of the stadium for the 2006 World Cup. In 2008, the Borusseum, a museum about Borussia Dortmund opened in the stadium.[citation needed] In 2011, Borussia Dortmund agreed a partnership with Q-Cells. The company installed 8,768 solar cells on the roof of the Westfalenstadion to generate up to 860,000 kWh per year.[citation needed]

Borussia Dortmund has the highest average attendance of any football club worldwide.[5] In 2014, it was estimated that each of the club's home games is attended by around 1,000 British spectators, drawn to the team by its low ticket prices compared to the Premier League.[31]

Training ground

Borussia Dortmund's training ground and Academy base Hohenbuschei is located in Brackel, a district of Dortmund[32] Inside the complex, there are physical exercise training for physical fitness and rehabilitation robotics areas, physiotherapy and massage rooms, and remedial and hydrotherapy pools. There are also sauna rooms, steam rooms and weight rooms, classrooms, conference halls, offices for the BVB front office, a restaurant, and a TV studio to interview the BVB professional footballers and coaching staff for BVB total!. On the grounds, there are five grass pitches, two of which has under-soil heating, one artificial grass field, two small grass pitches and a multi-functional sports arena. The site covers a total area of Script error: No such module "convert"..[32] Besides Dortmund owns the Footbonaut, a training robot which is effectively a Script error: No such module "convert". training cage.[33][better source needed]

Organization and finance

Borussia Dortmund e. V. is represented by its management board and board of directors consisting of the president Dr. Reinhard Rauball, his proxy and vice president Gerd Pieper and the treasurer Dr. Reinhold Lunow.[34]

Professional football at Dortmund is run by the organization Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA. This corporation model has two types of participators: at least one partner with unlimited liability and at least one partner with limited liability. The investment of the latter is divided into stocks. The organization Borussia Dortmund GmbH is the partner with unlimited liability and is responsible for the management and representation of Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA. Borussia Dortmund GmbH is fully owned by the sports club, Borussia Dortmund e. V. This organizational structure was designed to ensure that the sports club has full control over the professional squad.[35]

The stocks of Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA was floated on the stock market in October 2000 and it is listed in the General Standard of Deutsche Börse AG. Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA became the first and so far the only publicly traded sports club on the German stock market. 7,24% of Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA is owned by the sports club; the Borussia Dortmund e. V., 11,71% by Bernd Geske and 81,05% are widely spread shareholdings.[36] Hans-Joachim Watzke is the CEO and Thomas Treß is the CFO of the GmbH & Co. KGaA. Michael Zorc as sporting director is responsible for the first team, the coaching staff, the youth and junior section, and scouting.[37] The supervisory board consists among others of the politicians Friedrich Merz and Peer Steinbrück.[38]

BVB's main advertising partner and current holder of the kit rights is Evonik.[39] The insurance company Signal Iduna purchased the rights to name the Westfalenstadion Signal Iduna Park until 2021.[29] The main supplier of the sports club is Puma SE.[40] In addition there are three different levels of partners; BVBChampionPartner include among others Opel, Turkish Airlines, Brinkhoff's, Wilo, Hankook and Huawei; BVBPartner include among others EA Sports, Coca-Cola Zero, MAN, Norton, REWE and Ruhr Nachrichten; and BVBProduktPartner include among others Westfalenhallen, Sennheiser, TEDi, Dorma, Ramada and McDonald's.[41] Since 2012, Brixental in the Kitzbühel Alps in Austria is a BVB sponsor as well, furthermore the region is host of one of the annual summer training camps.[42]

Borussia Dortmund e. V. and Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA economic indicators reveal that; BVB generating revenues of €305.1 million (US$407.6 million) from September 2012 to August 2013.[43][44]

According to the 2015 Deloitte's annual Football Money League, BVB generated revenues of €261.5 million during the 2013–14 season. The figure excludes player transfer fees, VAT and other sales related taxes.[8]

Current management and board

As of 1 July 2014[37][38]
File:Hans-Joachim Watzke.jpg
Chairman Hans-Joachim Watzke
Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA
Member Position
Hans-Joachim Watzke Chairman and managing director for Sport, Sales & Marketing and Communications
Thomas Treß Managing director for Organization and Finance
Michael Zorc Segment director for Sport
Carsten Cramer Segment director for Sales & Marketing
Sascha Fligge Segment director for Communications
Dr. Christian Hockenjos Segment director for Organization
Marcus Knipping Segment director for Finance
Supervisory board
Member Note
Gerd Pieper Chairman of the supervisory board of Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA
Vice-President of Borussia Dortmund e. V.
Managing partner of Stadt-Parfümerie Pieper GmbH
Harald Heinze Vice-Chairman
Former chairman of the board of Dortmunder Stadtwerke AG
Bernd Geske Major shareholder of Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA[36]
Managing partner of Bernd Geske Lean Communication
Christian Kullmann Member of the board of directors and Chief Strategic Officer of Evonik Industries AG
Peer Steinbrück Member of the German Bundestag, former Federal Minister

Shirt sponsors and kit manufacturers

Since 2005 Dortmund's shirts have been sponsored by Evonik.1[›][29] Previous sponsors have been City of Dortmund (1974–76), Samson (1976–78), Prestolith (1978–80), UHU (1980–83), Artic (ice cream) (1983–86),[45] Die Continentale (1986–97), s.Oliver (1997–2000), and E.ON (2000–05). The club's kit manufacturer is currently Puma, who will remain in that position until 2020.[29][46] Previous manufacturers have been Adidas (1974–90), Nike (1990–2000, 2004–09), (2000–04), and Kappa (2009–12).


Borussia Dortmund has raised money for charity over the years for various causes. On 17 May 2011, Borussia Dortmund held a charity game for the 2011 Japan earthquake and tsunami against "Team Japan". The ticket sales of the game and €1 million from Dortmund's main sponsor Evonik went to charity for the Japan earthquake and tsunami.[47] In November 2012, Borussia Dortmund KGaA founded a charitable trust called leuchte auf, to give important social projects financial help.[48] The trust's logo is a star, consisting of the streets which meet at Dortmund's Borsigplatz, where the club was founded. On 6 July 2013, Borussia Dortmund held a charity game to raise money for 2013 German flood victims in the German states of Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt.[49]

Current squad

As of 31 January 2015[50]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 23x15px GK Roman Weidenfeller (vice-captain)[51]
4 23x15px DF Neven Subotić
5 23x15px MF Sebastian Kehl
6 23x15px MF Sven Bender
7 Template:Country data JPN MF Shinji Kagawa
8 23x15px MF İlkay Gündoğan
9 23x15px FW Ciro Immobile
10 23x15px MF Henrikh Mkhitaryan
11 23x15px FW Marco Reus (Vice-captain[52])
14 23x15px MF Miloš Jojić
15 23x15px DF Mats Hummels (Captain)
16 23x15px MF Jakub Błaszczykowski
17 23x15px FW Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang
18 23x15px MF Nuri Şahin
No. Position Player
19 23x15px MF Kevin Großkreutz
20 23x15px FW Adrián Ramos
21 23x15px MF Oliver Kirch
22 23x15px GK Mitchell Langerak
23 23x15px MF Kevin Kampl
24 23x15px DF Marian Sarr
25 23x15px DF Sokratis Papastathopoulos
26 23x15px DF Łukasz Piszczek
28 23x15px DF Matthias Ginter
29 23x15px DF Marcel Schmelzer
33 23x15px GK Zlatan Alomerović
37 23x15px DF Erik Durm
39 23x15px GK Hendrik Bonmann
40 23x15px DF Jeremy Dudziak

On loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
23x15px MF Jonas Hofmann (at 1. FSV Mainz 05 until 30 June 2015)
23x15px MF Moritz Leitner (at VfB Stuttgart until 30 June 2015)
No. Position Player
23x15px FW Marvin Ducksch (at SC Paderborn 07 until 30 June 2015)
23x15px DF Jannik Bandowski (at 1860 Munich until 30 June 2016)

For recent transfers, see List of German football transfers winter 2013–14 and List of German football transfers summer 2014.

Club officials

Current staff

As of 1 July 2013
Name Position
23x15px Jürgen Klopp Head coach
23x15px Željko Buvač Assistant coach
23x15px Peter Krawietz Assistant coach
23x15px Wolfgang de Beer Goalkeeping coach
23x15px Dr. Andreas Schlumberger Head of Rehabilitation, Athletic and Fitness
23x15px Andreas Beck Athletic coach
23x15px Florian Wangler Athletic coach
23x15px Peter Kuhnt Physiotherapist
23x15px Thorben Voeste Physiotherapist
23x15px Thomas Zetzmann Physiotherapist
23x15px Dr. Markus Braun Team doctor
23x15px Frank Gräfen Equipment manager

Head coaches

In July 1935 Fritz Thelen became the club's first full-time head coach. But Thelen wasn't available in the first months of the season, so that Borussia Dortmund player and Germany international Ernst Kuzorra take over for the first time of the season instead.[53][54] In 1966, Willi Multhaup leading his side to clinch the European Cup Winners' Cup and Dortmund became the first German team to win a European trophy. Horst Köppel was the coach to bring major silverware to the club for the first time after over 20 years, winning the DFB-Pokal in 1989. Ottmar Hitzfeld was the club's most successful coach, having won the Bundesliga and the Supercup each twice. In 1997, Dortmund had to wait for continental success for over 30 years, Hitzfeld crowned his period with an unexpected triumph and won the Champions League. Dortmund won the Intercontinental Cup in 1997 and head coach Nevio Scala became the first and so far the only non-native speaker who won a major title. In 2001–02, Matthias Sammer, a former BVB player, brought the league title back to Dortmund. In 2008–09, the club approached 1. FSV Mainz 05 head coach Jürgen Klopp. He won the club's 7th championship title in the 2010–11 season. In his fourth season, Dortmund won the Bundesliga and the DFB-Pokal to complete the first league and cup double in the club's history.[citation needed]

No. Nationality Head coach from until Honours
1 23x15px Ernst Kuzorra* July 1935 Aug 1935
2 23x15px Fritz Thelen Sept 1935 June 1936
3 23x15px Ferdinand Swatosch July 1936 May 1939
4 23x15px Willi Sevcik June 1939 unknown
5 23x15px Fritz Thelen 10 Jan 1946 31 July 1946
6 23x15px Ferdinand Fabra 1 Aug 1946 31 July 1948 1 Oberliga West
7 23x15px Eduard Havlicek 1 Aug 1948 31 July 1950 2 Oberliga West
8 23x15px Hans-Josef Kretschmann 1 Aug 1950 31 July 1951
9 23x15px Hans Schmidt 1 Aug 1951 31 July 1955 1 Oberliga West
10 23x15px Helmut Schneider 1 Aug 1955 31 July 1957 2 Oberliga West, 2 Championships
11 23x15px Hans Tauchert 1 Aug 1957 24 June 1958
12 23x15px Max Merkel 14 July 1958 31 July 1961
13 23x15px Hermann Eppenhoff 1 Aug 1961 30 June 1965 1 Championship, 1 Cup
14 23x15px Willi Multhaup 1 July 1965 30 June 1966 1 European Cup Winners' Cup
15 23x15px Heinz Murach 1 July 1966 10 April 1968
16 23x15px Oswald Pfau 18 April 1968 16 Dec 1968
17 23x15px Helmut Schneider 17 Dec 1968 17 March 1969
18 23x15px Hermann Lindemann 21 March 1969 30 June 1970
19 23x15px Horst Witzler 1 July 1970 21 Dec 1971
20 23x15px Herbert Burdenski 3 Jan 1972 30 June 1972
21 23x15px Detlev Brüggemann 1 July 1972 31 Oct 1972
22 23x15px Max Michallek 1 Nov 1972 1 March 1973
23 23x15px Dieter Kurrat 1 March 1973 30 June 1973
24 23x15px János Bédl 1 July 1973 14 Feb 1974
25 23x15px Dieter Kurrat 14 Feb 1974 30 June 1974
26 23x15px Otto Knefler 1 July 1974 1 Feb 1976
27 23x15px Horst Buhtz 1 Feb 1976 30 June 1976
28 23x15px Otto Rehhagel 1 July 1976 30 April 1978
29 23x15px Carl-Heinz Rühl 1 July 1978 29 April 1979
30 23x15px Uli Maslo 30 April 1979 30 June 1979
31 23x15px Udo Lattek 1 July 1979 10 May 1981
32 23x15px Rolf Bock* 11 May 1981 30 June 1981
33 23x15px Branko Zebec 1 July 1981 30 June 1982
34 23x15px Karl-Heinz Feldkamp 1 July 1982 5 April 1983
35 23x15px Helmut Witte* 6 April 1983 30 June 1983
36 23x15px Uli Maslo 1 July 1983 23 Oct 1983
37 23x15px Helmut Witte* 23 Oct 1983 31 Oct 1983
38 23x15px Heinz-Dieter Tippenhauer 31 Oct 1983 15 Nov 1983
39 23x15px Horst Franz 16 Nov 1983 30 June 1984
40 23x15px Timo Konietzka 1 July 1984 24 Oct 1984
41 23x15px Reinhard Saftig* 25 Oct 1984 27 Oct 1984
42 23x15px Erich Ribbeck 28 Oct 1984 30 June 1985
43 23x15px Pál Csernai 1 July 1985 20 April 1986
44 23x15px Reinhard Saftig 21 April 1986 30 June 1988
45 23x15px Horst Köppel 1 July 1988 30 June 1991 1 Cup, 1 Supercup
46 23x15px Ottmar Hitzfeld 1 July 1991 30 June 1997 2 Championships, 2 Supercups, 1 Champions League
47 23x15px Nevio Scala 1 July 1997 30 June 1998 1 Intercontinental Cup
48 23x15px Michael Skibbe 1 July 1998 4 Feb 2000
49 23x15px Bernd Krauss 6 Feb 2000 13 April 2000
50 23x15px Udo Lattek* 14 April 2000 30 June 2000
51 23x15px Matthias Sammer 1 July 2000 30 June 2004 1 Championship
52 23x15px Bert van Marwijk 1 July 2004 18 Dec 2006
53 23x15px Jürgen Röber 19 Dec 2006 12 March 2007
54 23x15px Thomas Doll 13 March 2007 19 May 2008
55 23x15px Jürgen Klopp 1 July 2008 30 June 2015 2 Championships, 1 Cup, 2 Supercups

* Served as caretaker coach.


File:Michael Zorc20110918.jpg
Sporting director Michael Zorc has the most appearances with Borussia Dortmund

Borussia Dortmund's name is attached to a number of Bundesliga records:

  • The Borussia Dortmund player with the most appearances is Michael Zorc (463).[55]
  • The Borussia Dortmund player with the most goals is Alfred Preissler (168).[55]
  • The youngest player to play was Nuri Şahin of Borussia Dortmund (16 years and 335 days).[56]
  • The youngest player to score was Nuri Şahin of Borussia Dortmund (17 years and 82 days).[56]
  • Dortmund was on the receiving end of the worst loss ever in a Bundesliga match when they lost 12–0 away to Borussia Mönchengladbach on 29 April 1978.[57]
  • On 1 September 1993, BVB and Dynamo Dresden earned a total of five red cards between them.
  • BVB and Bayern Munich were carded a record of 15 times (3 for Dortmund, 12 for Munich) in a match played on 7 April 2001.[58]
  • On 23 August 2014, Dortmund conceded the fastest goal (9 seconds), in the history of Bundesliga, on the opening game of the season 2014–15, a home match against Leverkusen, which ended 0–2 loss.[59]
  • The most penalties in a match is five in a game played between Borussia Mönchengladbach and Dortmund on 9 November 1965.
  • The first goal ever scored in Bundesliga play was by Dortmund's Friedhelm Konietzka against Werder Bremen, however, Werder Bremen won 3–2.[60]



Winners (8): 1956, 1957, 1963, 1994–95, 1995–96, 2001–02, 2010–11, 2011–12
Runners-up (6): 1949, 1961, 1965–66, 1991–92, 2012–13, 2013–14
208px 86px
Borussia Dortmund's Bundesliga Trophy and
DFB-Pokal Trophy showcased at the Borusseum
Winners: 1964–65, 1988–89, 2011–12
Runners-up: 1962–63, 2007–08, 2013–14, 2014–15
Winners (5): 1989, 1995, 1996, 2013, 2014 (record)
Runners-up: 2011, 2012
(Unofficial winners): 2008[61]
Runners-up: 2003
Winners (6): 1947–48, 1948–49, 1949–50, 1952–53, 1955–56, 1956–57 (record)
Runners-up: 1960–61, 1962–63
Winners: 1947


190px 105px
Borussia Dortmund's Domestic German and UEFA
Continental Trophies showcased at the Borusseum
Winners: 1996–97
Runners-up: 2012–13
Winners: 1965–66
Runners-up (2): 1992–93, 2001–02
Runners-up: 1997


Winners: 1997

UEFA club rankings

As of 11 April 2015[62]
Rank Team Coefficient
7 23x15px Schalke 04 111.710
8 23x15px Arsenal 110.078
9 23x15px FC Porto 109.209
10 23x15px Manchester United 103.078
11 23x15px Paris Saint-Germain 100.450
12 23x15px Borussia Dortmund 99.711
13 23x15px Valencia 99.288
14 23x15px Zenit St. Petersburg 89.066
15 23x15px Bayer Leverkusen 87.711
16 23x15px Manchester City 87.078
17 23x15px Juventus 86.535

See also


  1. ^ Mangold, Max (2005), Das Aussprachewörterbuch, Duden, pp. 212 and 282, ISBN 9783411040667 
  2. ^ "Bayern is world's biggest club, by membership". 30 November 2014. Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  3. ^ "Fußball Deutsche Meister seit 1903 Tabelle Liste Statistik Übersicht deutsche Fußballmeister Fussballmeister DFB". Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "Alle Sieger des Landesmeister-Cups und der Champions League". 20 May 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "2011–12 World Football Attendances – Best Drawing Leagues (Chart of Top-20-drawing national leagues of association football) / Plus list of 35-highest drawing association football clubs in the world in 2011–12.". 
  6. ^ "Borussia Dortmund – Puma SE". Puma SE. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  7. ^ "Borussia Dortmund – UEFA". UEFA. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "Deloitte Football Money League 2015 – Commercial breaks" (PDF). 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  9. ^ "A turbulent founding on 19/12/1909". BVB Club Website. Retrieved 9 August 2014. 
  10. ^ "Paul Lambert – The Norwich wizard". ESPN. 4 May 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2011. [dead link]
  11. ^ "Norwich City manager Paul Lambert on his vision for the future". Sunday Herald. 6 September 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2011. 
  12. ^ "Revealed: The Joy of Six: British and Irish footballers abroad". The Guardian. 25 November 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2011. 
  13. ^ Leme de Arruda, Marcelo (2 August 1999). "Intercontinental Club Cup 1997". RSSSF. Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  14. ^ "Borussia Dortmund v Real Madrid – Champions League Preview". 23 April 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  15. ^ "Bayern Munich vs Borussia Dortmund: The first all-German Champions League final". India Today. 24 May 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  16. ^ Von "Pikantes Geheimnis – Hoeneß plaudert: "Haben BVB zwei Millionen Euro geliehen" – Sport – Fußball – Hamburger Abendblatt". language=German. Retrieved 5 March 2013. 
  17. ^ sid (4 December 2010). "Dortmund vorzeitig Bundesliga-Herbstmeister" (in German). Focus online. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  18. ^ "Borussia Dortmund wrap up Bundesliga title". Guardian Online. 30 April 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  19. ^ "81 Punkte! BVB bester Meister aller Zeiten" [81Points! BVB is the best Champion of all Time] (in German). 5 May 2012. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 
  20. ^ "Dortmund, der beste Deutsche Meister aller Zeiten" [Dortmund, the best German Champion of all Time] (in German). Welt Online. 5 May 2012. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 
  21. ^ "Super Bayern rewrite the history books". Bayern Munich. 18 May 2013. Retrieved 18 May 2013. 
  22. ^ "Die Double-Gewinner des deutschen Fussballs" [The double-winners of German football] (in German). Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  23. ^ "UEFA Champions League 2013 - Dortmund-Bayern Players –". 
  24. ^ "Dortmund prevail over Bayern in Supercup thriller". 
  25. ^ "Final". 
  26. ^ "Borussia Dortmund Termine 14–15" [Borussia Dortmund 2014–15 Results]. (in German). Retrieved 24 November 2014. 
  27. ^ "Final". 
  28. ^ This includes standing terraces used for Bundesliga matches. The all-seated capacity is not the largest in Germany; that distinction is held by the Olympic Stadium in Berlin.
  29. ^ a b c d "Borussia Dortmund und Signal Iduna verlängern Zusammenarbeit bis 2021" (in German). Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  30. ^ "Blockplan" (in German). Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  31. ^ Smith, Ben (15 October 2014). "Price of Football 2014: Why fans flock to Borussia Dortmund". BBC Sport. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  32. ^ a b "BVB-Trainingszentrum in Dortmund-Brackel am Hohenbuschei eröffnet" (in German). 6 April 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  33. ^
  34. ^ "Der Verein" [The Club]. (in German). BVB. Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  35. ^ "Unternehmensportrait / BVB auf einen Blick / BVB Aktie" (in Deutsch). Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  36. ^ a b "Shareholder Structure". Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  37. ^ a b "Organisation and Management". Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  38. ^ a b "Supervisory Board". Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  39. ^ "Borussia Dortmund, we’re right behind you". (in German). Evonik Industries. Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  40. ^ "Black and Yellow Forever". Puma. Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  41. ^ "Die Sponsoren" [The Sponsors]. (in German). BVB. Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  42. ^ "The Partnership". Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  43. ^ "Football: Dortmund's delight at record sales and profit". 23 August 2013. Retrieved 1 September 2013. 
  44. ^ "Borussia Dortmund log highest profit ever". Deutsche Welle. August 2013. Retrieved 1 September 2013. 
  45. ^ "Borussia Dortmund: Die Eisverkäufer" (in German). Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  46. ^ "PUMA announces partnership with Borussia Dortmund". 26 October 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2011. 
  47. ^ "Borussia Dortmund win charity match against 'Team Japan'". 
  48. ^ "leuchte auf – Die BVB Stiftung" (in German). 
  49. ^ "Borussia Dortmund support flood victims". 
  50. ^ "First Team". Retrieved 18 August 2014. 
  51. ^ Christian Paul. "Langerak für Weidenfeller: Klopps großes Torwart-Rätsel" (in German). Spiegel Online. Retrieved 9 December 2014. 
  52. ^ "Mats Hummels is the new BVB club captain". 
  53. ^ "Die Geschichte des BVB – Teil 4: Die BVB-Historie von 1929 bis 1938" (in German). Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  54. ^ "Die BVB Trainer-Datenbank" (in German). Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  55. ^ a b "Borussia Dortmund". UEFA. 22 August 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  56. ^ a b "Real Madrid complete Nuri Sahin switch". Real Madrid Official Web Site. 8 May 2011. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  57. ^ "Darf's ein Törchen mehr sein?". (in German). Spiegel. 28 April 2008. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  58. ^ "Die Spielstatistik Borussia Dortmund – FC Bayern München" (in German). Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  59. ^ "Borussia Dortmund 0–2 Bayer 04 Leverkusen". BBC Sport. 23 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  60. ^ "The First Ever Bundesliga Goal * Fastest ever Bundesliga goal scored by a substitute Miloš Jojić". – Bundesliga blog. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  61. ^ "German Super Cup 2008". 
  62. ^ [1]

External links

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