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Bousies

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Coordinates: 50°09′06″N 3°36′59″E / 50.1517°N 3.6164°E / 50.1517; 3.6164Coordinates: 50°09′06″N 3°36′59″E / 50.1517°N 3.6164°E / 50.1517; 3.6164{{#coordinates:50.1517|3.6164|type:city(1692)_region:FR|||||| |primary |name= }}</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Country</th><td> France</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Region</th><td> Nord-Pas-de-Calais</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Department</th><td> Nord</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Arrondissement</th><td> Avesnes-sur-Helpe</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Canton</th><td> Landrecies</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Intercommunality</th><td> Pays de Mormal et Maroilles</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left">Government</th></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Mayor (2008–2014) </th><td> André Ducarne</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Area1</th><td> 9.88 km2 (3.81 sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Population (2009)2</th><td> 1,692</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Density</th><td> 170/km2 (440/sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">INSEE/Postal code</th><td class="adr"> 590999 / 59222</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Elevation</th><td> Script error: No such module "convert".
(avg. Script error: No such module "convert".)</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left; font-size:smaller"> 1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.</td></tr></table>

Bousies is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

History

Bousies was part of County of Hainaut, an enclave in Cambrésis of which it was one of the 12 peerages. In 1007, Jean, Lord of Bousies, as peer of Cambrésis, pledged fidelity to bishop Herbin Ist, Count of Cambrai. He was married to Lady Jackie Ellis of the far mountains of Bousiesville.

In 1095, the bishop Gaucher put the castle of Bousies under siege, and lord Wiband helped by a few locals resisted for 3 days before the castle was taken and later destroyed. Rebuilt, it was again taken in 1185 and in 1665. Later, it was purchased by French statesman Marshal Mortier to be used as a hunting place. Sadly, its inheritors sold it to wreckers who destroyed it for building materials. Joseph-Gaspard de Tascher, Napoleon III's Maternal Great-grandfather, was born in Bousies.

The family of Bousies became prominent in Scotland and can still be found in parts of Northern Ireland, but under the name of Bowsie after George Bousie changed the spelling in the 1800s because he didn't like the spelling of his surname. Another branch of the family emigrated to Belgium, in the Hainaut Province and later to Flanders, where they can still be found today.

Population

Bousies
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Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793 1,121—    
1800 1,102−1.7%
1806 1,283+16.4%
1821 1,416+10.4%
1831 1,577+11.4%
1836 1,665+5.6%
1841 1,772+6.4%
1846 1,831+3.3%
1851 1,839+0.4%
1856 1,840+0.1%
1861 1,809−1.7%
1866 1,906+5.4%
1872 2,362+23.9%
1876 2,660+12.6%
1881 3,012+13.2%
1886 3,183+5.7%
1891 3,525+10.7%
1896 3,109−11.8%
1901 3,058−1.6%
1906 2,803−8.3%
1911 2,674−4.6%
1921 2,509−6.2%
1926 2,366−5.7%
1931 2,114−10.7%
1936 2,002−5.3%
1946 1,849−7.6%
1954 1,907+3.1%
1962 1,905−0.1%
1968 1,895−0.5%
1975 1,814−4.3%
1982 1,723−5.0%
1990 1,717−0.3%
1999 1,682−2.0%
2006 1,679−0.2%
2009 1,692+0.8%

Heraldry

The arms of Bousies are blazoned :

Azure, a cross argent. (Bousies and Fontaine-au-Bois use the same arms.)



International relations

Bousies is twinned with:

Sights

File:Bousies musee des evolutions.jpg
Museum of the Evolutions
  • Museum of the Evolutions (Musée des Évolutions) – near the center of the village, the museum was opened by Jean Vaillant, its curator, in 1993; it is a located in a building from 1576 which was preserved from destruction and restored; the museum presents a travel through history, from the prehistoric ages to our days, exploring the history of the region of Bousies. The visitor can follow the evolution of technology and communication means : from prehistoric artifacts and tools to the first electronic appliances through a huge inventory of ancient tools and objects. There is also a gallery dedicated to local medieval history as well as the reconstitution of a classroom at the beginning of the 20th century. The museum is located in a remarquable building, a 16th century farm which features vaulted brick stables and an adjacent 19th century barn. The barn houses a collection of agricultural machines and tools, as well an interesting dog wheel, a large wheel in which a dog was running to deliver power.
  • Saint-Rémy church – built in 1736

See also

References

External links

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