|This article has an unclear citation style. (December 2014)|
Braigo (Brai-lle +Le-go) is the name of a Braille printer design. Braigo version 1.0 uses a Lego Mindstorms EV3 kit, which includes a microprocessor with assorted components such as electric motors, sensors and actuators. Braigo v1.0 was designed by 13-year-old Shubham Banerjee in January 2014, as an entry in a 7th grade school science fair project. The cost was said to be about 350 USD  or 250 Euros for the Lego Mindstorms EV3 kit and some extra commonly used hardware whereas a conventional Braille printer retails starting from about 1,900 USD. Over the summer[vague] of 2014, Banerjee reported about working on 'Braigo v2.0' which promises to be a consumer version of a braille printer/embosser.
In August 2014, a new company called Braigo Labs Inc. was formed with an office in Palo Alto, California. Since Shubham Bannerjee is a minor, his mother Malini is listed as the President of the company and the law firm Inventus Law acting as advisor.
On September 9, 2014, at the Intel Developers Forum (IDF 2014), at the Mega Session: The Next Revolution in Computing: Edison, Wearables, and New Devices with Intel VP & GM, Mike Bell, Banerjee demonstrated 'Braigo v2.0', which promises to be the world's first - most cheapest, silent, IOT enabled, and light weight braille printer or embosser using new patent pending technology along with the Intel's Edison Chip with associated development board to bring a consumer oriented braille printer/embosser to the market.
- 1 The inventor
- 2 Braigo v1.0
- 3 Braigo v2.0
- 4 Transcoding of documents to braille on-chip
- 5 Awards/Recognitions
- 6 Media coverage
- 7 Creation of Braigo Labs Inc.
- 8 References
Shubham Banerjee is a 13-year-old boy. He was born in Hasselt, Belgium. The family moved to San Jose, California when he was 4 years old. Later he moved to Santa Clara, California and completed his elementary schooling at Don Callejon School. He joined Magnolia Science Academy in Santa Clara in middle school for a couple of months, before moving to Champion School in San Jose for middle school. He lives in Santa Clara, California with his parents and younger sister.
In Banerjee's own words, taken from the abstract submitted at Synopsis Science Fair:
|“||The challenges with assistive technologies currently available are either too expensive or difficult to obtain for normal people without government or non-profit sponsorships. According to WHO reports, there are estimated 285 million visually impaired people worldwide and 90% of them live in developing countries. At this moment the cost of a braille printer is more than $2000 for a basic version. Thus many millions of people across the world have limited access. If we could reduce the cost to below $500, we could already reduce the cost by 75%. To give access to easily assemble and build a braille printer for the masses, the basic ability of DO-IT-YOURSELF (D-I-Y) is key. The kit should be readily available at stores or procured online from reputable websites to make the process easy for adoption. Most printers operate in X (to move the print head) -Y (to push the paper) – Z (to print or not to print) co-ordinates. The printer has to be compact and self-explanatory. Engineering as a discipline is the application of scientific, economic, social, and practical knowledge in order to design, build, maintain, and improve structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes. In this experiment, I relied on my love of LEGO and readily available Mindstorms EV3 robotics kit to build a D-I-Y Braille printer and program the device to print in Braille. I worked with a constraint that all parts should be from one kit and maybe some low cost readily available add-ons to make such a printer. After studying the Braille language; I understood that a visually impaired individual feels through his/her fingers the bumps on a paper through a combination of 6 dots. If we could make a printer that prints (by making holes in a paper) as a mirror image of the letter and when flipping the page we should be able to translate letters into BRAILLE. I used rapid prototyping concepts where I tried to build models and programing it to see if I am able to get the desired results. I had to build and break 7 different models before settling on a final one that was able to print the six dots in a desired sequence according to the Braille standards. After which, I programmed the letters A-Z. I used a normal calculator paper to provide the proof of concept. I have validated my version 1.0 of BRAIGO and potential small updates in software necessary to perfect for the next version 2.0 at Santa Clara Valley Blind Center based in San Jose and also with Hoby Wedler at his laboratory in UC Davis. I would say that the first prototype of the proof of concept has been successful and me providing the building instructions and software as open source will provide a low cost alternative solution to the visually impaired community. I achieved a 82% reduction in cost and have been overwlemed by the encouraging feedback from both the sighted and the blind equally!||”|
Braigo v1.0 made Open Source As announced in a CNN and other interviews, Banerjee has decided to give away the design and software for free. He said on an NBC program "I think I'm doing something that could actually help people,". He has uploaded building instruction on his YouTube channel, and also uploaded the software project file .ev3 on the LegoMindstorms EV3 community page. He said that "I think Braigo making the news will rejuvenate others and the beneficiary will be the visually impaired individuals. All good for humankind." Detailed download and build information is available on-line and detailed directions on how to build Braigo were published in Makezine.
On September 9, 2014, at the Intel Developer Forum (IDF 2014) Mega Session: The Next Revolution in Computing: Edison, Wearables, and New Devices with Intel VP and GM, Mike Bell, Banerjee demonstrated Braigo 2.0. Braigo 2.0 promises to be the world's first - cheapest, silent, IOT enabled and light weight braille printer or embosser using new patent pending technology along with the Intel's Edison Chip with a development board to bring a consumer oriented braille printer/embosser to the market. After Braigo v1.0, the natural progression for Banerjee, after feedback from the visually impaired community, was to make a real consumer version that could eventually be bought off-the-shelf. He said:
|“||What I did with Lego in February of 2014 has me convinced that I’m onto something here. I want to bring a Braille printer to market that’s at an affordable price point. To do that I needed something small and powerful to drive the system. Intel Edison is a great fit for that. I’m so passionate about solving this problem that I spent my summer building what you see here. I got membership at the Techshop in San Jose to learn design tools, worked with other individuals to get 3D printed mechanical parts and also machinist to design new braille heads and assembly". "Intel's new chip Edison was the perfect choice for being connected to the cloud/internet and at the same time reduces the BOM price by not using separate components/drivers. It is less power hungry and has the future possibilities of using batteries for using in remote places of the world. The design uses new (patent pending) technology and also using Edison opens up the possibility to potentially use the same mechanism for other assistive technology products, like a refreshable reader and a display. The ability to use the backend cloud for software upgrades (without requiring any user interface) can make it much easier for a visually impaired person to install drivers or programs. The capabilities of Edison enabled me to do a whole set of use cases I haven’t previously thought about. For example, when we wake up in the morning we look at our smartphone or tablet to see the headline news. With Edison, we’ve set it up so the CNN headlines are printed off automatically every morning."||”|
Transcoding of documents to braille on-chip
At Campus Party Keynote in São Paulo, Brazil in February 2015. Shubham Banerjee gave a demonstration of a new method of transcoding documents to braille without any software installation on the computer. The technology involves uploading any document from a computer into the memory of the Intel's Edison chip that’s the brain of the Braigo Braille printer. The idea behind this new method is to reduce the cost of ownership of the Braigo printer without having to buy any transcribing software for braille.
|2015||2015 Next Generation of STEM Leaders||US News |
|2015||2015 Invention Award||Popular Science |
|2015||20 under 20||Veckans Affärer |
|2015||40 under 40||Silicon Valley Business Journal |
|2014||Nominet Trust 100 Winner||Nominet Trust |
|2014||Technology Innovation of the Year||Trusted Reviews Time Inc. UK |
|2014||25th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child ||UNICEF publication (ISBN 978-92-806-4780-8) "Reimagine the Future: Innovation for every child" |
|2014||Certificate of Recognition ||California State Assembly Member Bob Wieckowski|
|2014||Best of America||Readers Digest |
|2014||Winner of 2014 Synopsis Outreach Foundation n+1 Prize ||Synopsis|
|2014||Lego Build 4 Good Challenge (Inspired by Braigo) - Seattle ||Lego|
|2014||2014 Youth Innovator Award ||OPEN Silicon Valley|
|2014||NBC & AACI APA Heritage Month Honoree 2014 ||NBC & AACI|
|2014||Special Congressional Recognition||Mike Honda|
|2014||Maker Faire Editor's Choice Ribbon||Maker Faire|
|2014||White House Maker Faire 2014 ||White House|
|2014||The Queen Latifah Show & Lego Trophy||The Queen Latifah Show|
|2014||Honorable Mention||The Tech Awards|
On February 21, 2014 CNN International in their program Quest Means Business, hosted by Maggie Lake, aired an interview with Banerjee about Braigo titled "Boy Genius makes Braille printer from Lego". On February 28, 2014 Lake commented on Twitter "Am I going to look back and say I interviewed the next Steve Jobs, Bill Gates?". On February 29, 2014, NBCs Bay Area Proud program, hosted by Garvin Thomas, aired a full program dedicated to Banerjee and his invention of Braigo.  On May 13, 2014, NBC aired a "Bay Area Proud Updates" to inform viewers of progress with Braigo since their February 29, program aired. The program took segments of the official Lego "Build 4 Good" event video in Seattle, published in YouTube. On March 15, 2014, MSNBC Melissa Harris-Perry program made Banerjee the "Foot soldier of the week". On March 4, 2014, Janet's Planet, hosted by Janet Ivey, an interview titled "Lego Braille Printer - Braigo Inventor on Janet's Planet" was made available. On June 23, 2014; Banerjee was featured on The Queen Latifah Show and also a surprise recognition from Lego was presented to him by Queen Latifah- "Queen Latifah gives a special award to 12-year-old Shubham Banerjee who created a low-cost Braille printer out of LEGOS".
on February 22, 2014 CBC Radio aired an interview of Banerjee on their program As it Happens titled "California seventh grader makes Lego braille printer" On February 22, 2014 NPR aired an interview with Banerjee titled "Boy Builds Braille Printer Out Of Lego"
Creation of Braigo Labs Inc.
In August 2014, Braigo Labs Inc. was formed with Banerjee announcing that he is working on his next version of the Braille Printer and named it as Braigo v2.0. Since he is a minor, his mother Malini Banerjee is named as the President of the company with him listed as Founder. Braigo and BraigoLabs are both now registered trademarks of Braigo Labs Inc. Banerjee is quoted saying, "Technology should help us to make our life easier and not become a burden due to high cost". The Mission of the company states "Our mission is to bring "Humanely Optimized" technologies that are innovative, affordable simple and catering to solving life's problem". The offices of the company is located in Palo Alto , California.
Intel Capital Investment
Intel was so impressed with Banerjee's efforts that Mike Bell, Intel's VP and GM of New Products Group announced at Intel Developer Forum (IDF 2014) that Intel will invest in Braigo Labs Inc. to help bring the printer to market. In Intel Capital Global Summit 2014, it was announced that they have closed the seed investment round for Braigo Labs Inc. founded by Shubham Banerjee,
Youngest entrepreneur to receive Venture Capital funding
On November 4, 2014 at the Intel Capital Global Summit, Intel Capital announced that they have funded Braigo Labs Inc. the startup founded by Shubham Banerjee. CBS News’ John Blackstone reports, "the eighth grader is already a star; the youngest person ever to get venture capital investment for a start-up", reports CBS News correspondent John Blackstone; Silicon Valley Business Journal reported "Shubham Banerjee is among a couple dozen entrepreneurs who received funding from Intel Capital on Tuesday, but he is probably the only one whose father had to drive him there". Venture Beat Editor-in-Chief reported "Banerjee had to take the day off from middle school. That’s because he’s just 13 years old — making him, quite possibly, the youngest recipient of venture capital in Silicon Valley history. (He’s definitely the youngest to receive an investment from Intel Capital.)" San Jose Mercury News reported on their front page on November 4, 2014 newspaper "And on Tuesday, Intel Capital, the company's global investment arm, will announce it has invested in the teenager's company, making Shubham the world's youngest tech entrepreneur to receive venture capital funding."  In the Wall Street Journal article titled "Intel Capital’s Arvind Sodhani: Unique Companies ‘Rarer and Rarer’" on November 4, 2014 - journalist Deborah Gage asked the question "You’ve been at Intel Capital for a long time. How much longer are you going to keep doing this?", Arvid Sodhani answered "I’m having fun. We’re having a successful year. The fun part is meeting people like Shubham Banerjee [the 13-year-old creator of the Lego Braille printer] who are passionate about pursuing their dreams and feeling comfortable that this is a risky business. It’s not just a risk for us, but the individuals doing this are taking a risk at a personal level. I like pinpointing the risk—it’s rewarding to have a success down the road." As reported by Johnny Dodd, reporter from People Magazine ""We've funded young entrepreneurs, but no one this young – certainly not in middle school," a spokesman for Intel Capital says. The venture-capital firm recently announced an investment deal with Banerjee's company, Braigo Labs, that one source estimates is worth several hundred thousand dollars." 
Shubham Banerjee was invited by Microsoft for their Student Tech Fair on May 13, 2015 in New York to display his work with Braigo. After the event Microsoft published that Shubham is working with the Windows team at Microsoft to integrate the Braigo with the Windows 10 for easy integration of the solution that he is developing. "Now Shubham is working to bring the Braigo 2.0 to market. He’s started working with my colleagues on the Windows team to integrate Braigo drivers with Windows for easy deployment." The article also stated Shubham's quote about why integration with Windows 10 will help the visually impaired once Braigo is available in the market “Our relationship with Microsoft will help Braigo achieve a seamless experience for a visually impaired person who wants to use a computer at home or at the office to print documents for offline reading,” he said. “Also, think about the banks, the government institutions or even the libraries where Windows-based computers are widely used. They will all benefit from having a Braigo to provide accessibility services to their visually impaired customers.”
- Braigo news report BusinessInsider - Braigo News Report
- CNN-Boy genius makes braille printer from Lego
- Lego Shop - Mindstorms EV3
- Google Shop - Cost of Braille Printers
- http://www.braigolabs.com Braigo Labs Inc.
- At school, they call him ‘Braigo Boy’
- Fast Company - These Lego Robots solve real world problems
- CNN-Boy genius makes braille printer from Lego
- NBC - 12-Year-Old Creates Low-Cost Braille Printer Out Of Legos
- Shubham Banerjee YouTube Channel
- Peace Fund Radio @39:15 mins
- Braigo - Build instructions
- Braigo – A DIY Braille Printer with Lego
- Trusted Reviews - IDF 2014: The highlights of Intel’s Annual Forum
- Shubham Banerjee, fundador de Braigo Labs Inc (Braille+Lego)
- Teen invents method for transcoding text into Braille in printer’s memory
- U.S. News Announces the Next Generation of STEM Leaders
- Middle School Student Founds Company, Builds Braille Printer
- Nominet Trust 100 Winner
- UNICEF Publication
- CNN-Boy genius makes braille printer from Lego
- CNN anchor Maggie Lake on Twitter
- NBC - 12-Year-Old Creates Low-Cost Braille Printer Out Of Legos
- NBC Chicago - 12-Year-Old Creates Low-Cost Braille Printer Out Of Legos
- NBC - Bay Area Proud Updates
- Official Lego YouTube video - LEGO MINDSTORMS EV3 "Build 4 Good" challenge
- MSNBC MHP Program
- Lego Braille Printer - Braigo Inventor on Janet's Planet
- The Queen Latifah Show - Queen Latifah Shows Off a Braille Printer Made Out of LEGOS
- CBC Radio- California seventh grader makes Lego braille printer
- NPR - Boy Builds Braille Printer Out Of Lego
- Braigo labs Inc
- Brago Labs Inc. - What we do
- Intel IDF14 Keynote - The Mega Session can be viewed on Intel's website (skip to 25:41 mins into the video for Braigo v2.0)
- Intel Capital Invests $62 Million in a Range of Tech Startups
- Intel Capital puts $62 million in 16 companies; to invest $355 million in 2014
- Intel Capital invests $62M in 16 tech startups
- San Jose 8th Grader Becomes Youngest Ever To Get VC Funding After Developing Braille Printer
- How Silicon Valley's teen phenom will help blind
- Intel-backed 13-year-old may be youngest VC-funded entrepreneur
- Venture Beat - This 13-year-old just got an investment from Intel Capital to help the blind read
- San Jose Mercury News - Intel funds Silicon Valley teen's Braille printer startup
- Arvind Sodhani - Intel Capital’s Arvind Sodhani: Unique Companies ‘Rarer and Rarer’
- People Magazine - http://www.people.com/article/teen-inventor-builds-braille-printer-legos-blind
- Student entrepreneur uses Windows and Surface to build a better Braille printer
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