British Columbia Sheriff Service
|British Columbia Sheriff Service|
|Wallet Badge of BC Sheriff Service|
|BC Sheriff Service Coat of Arms|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
British Columbia Sheriff Service (BCSS) traces its roots to the first Sheriff appointed by Governor James Douglas in 1857 for the Colony of Vancouver Island in what is now British Columbia, Canada. Governor Douglas appointed Andrew Muir who derived his authority from English Common law and who holds the distinction of being the first sworn Peace Officer in what is now the Province of British Columbia. The modern BCSS was formed after a consolidation of County Sheriffs by the New Democratic government in 1974, and placed under the Ministry of the Attorney General.
BCSS members are Peace Officers who receive their authority from the Criminal Code of Canada, the BC Police Act, the BC Sheriff Act and as such have legislated authority to enforce provincial and federal statutes that refer to the empowerment of Peace Officers, they have authority throughout the Province of British Columbia.
BCSS responsibilities include the protection of the Provincial, Supreme and Appeal Courts of BC, planning high security trials, utilizing High Security Teams, Intelligence Unit, assessing threats towards those employed in the Justice system, protection of Judges and Crown Prosecutors, managing detention cells, transportation of prisoners by ground and air, manage and provide protection for Juries, serve court-related documents, execute court orders, execute criminal and civil warrants, and assist with coroner's court.
Highly specialized training has been provided to some BCSS members who are trained in the collection and handling of DNA samples and fingerprints taken under court order from named person(s) and whose samples are in turn then transferred to the Canadian National DNA Data Bank in Ottawa.
Recruiting of new Sheriff Deputies is handled by the Service's Recruiting and Selection Unit. Applicants must meet and pass provincial standards, several interview processes - panel interview, lifestyle and integrity questionnaire interview & investigation and a polygraph / computer voice stress analyzer interview - criminal record and background checks, physical fitness testing, driver testing, vision testing and a pre-employment medical.
Recruit training is conducted at the Sheriff Academy of the Justice Institute of British Columbia. Recruits undergo an intensive 16-week training program broken into Block I, Block II, Block III and consists of training in Legal Studies, Report Writing, Force Response Options, Arrest & Control techniques, Physical Fitness, Communications, Dress & Deportment, Emergency Operation / Driving training and Roles and Responsibilities. BCSS members are trained to provincial standards in the use of force options tools, including pistols, expandable batons, OC pepper spray, CEW tasers, Colt C8 assault rifle (carbine) and Heckler & Koch G36 5.56×45mm assault rifle. BCSS members receive ongoing training in active shooter scenarios and team deployments. BCSS members are also qualified to provincial standards in Emergency vehicle operation, crowd management, Incident command system, first aid and they can be deployed during civil emergencies under the Provincial Emergency Program (PEP) to assist other Law Enforcement agencies with public safety.
BCSS members continue the training and skill enhancement process after their initial recruit training program. Members receive advanced training in Media Management, Motorcade training, Communications Skills, Controlled Access Points, Command Level Incident Command, Managing Targeted Violence, Infrastructure Vulnerability Assessment training, Legal Studies Refresher course, Communications Tactics and Radio Communications, Drug Identification, Notebook and Advanced Report Writing, Basic Criminal Investigation/Contact & Cover, Gangs course, Corruption Integrity and Compromise course, Force Response Options, Euthanization of Wildlife, Intelligence Officer Level 1 course and Threat Awareness. BCSS members are encouraged to avail themselves of a larger range of Law Enforcement related courses offered by the BC Justice Institute or through partnerships with other Police agencies.
Specialized Units such as the Integrated Threat Assessment Unit (ITAU) have duties including assessing threats towards government and public officials, gathering intelligence and working in integrated partnerships with other Law Enforcement agencies to assess and manage intelligence. ITAU also manages and assists with operational planning.
Special Operations Group Members are trained for High Security deployments. These members are highly specialized in motorcade operations, enhanced site protection (search gates), counter surveillance and rely upon elevated operational equipment ( carbines) to protect high security operational sites.
Provincial Integrated Intelligence Units; members of BCSS are embedded at several Integrated provincial agencies including R.T.I.C. (Real Time Intelligence Centre) whose primary role is to track and monitor organized crime, gangs and OMG groups in the province, real time crimes in progress and direct threats to public safety including terrorism related events throughout the province.
The Protective Operations Unit (POU), whose mandate includes the protection of individuals who may be at risk due to the nature of their work, have received inappropriate communications, have been threatened, or have been identified as requiring protection. Protective Operations members receive highly advanced training in close quarter protection and operate as a plain clothes unit. Protective Operations may include infrastructure and vulnerability assessments, personal protection, transport operations, residential, site, and special event protection.
Specialized Units also execute outstanding warrants on persons wanted in other Provincial jurisdictions and escort those persons back to other Canadian jurisdictions (Con Air Program). These specialized operations include members operating in plain clothes with enhanced training and experience related to this specific detail. BCSS members also fly to other provincial jurisdictions arrest and return fugitives wanted in British Columbia.
Sheriffs Provincial Operations Centre (S.P.O.C.)
Sheriffs Provincial Operations Centre (S.P.O.C.) houses the provincial radio communications and dispatch centre for the British Columbia Sheriff Service. S.P.O.C. is also the centralized hub for Canadian Police Information Centre (C.P.I.C.) operations for BCSS. S.P.O.C. also manages Provincial Fleet Operations (P.F.O) and manages the Sheriffs Fugitive Return Program planning and deployments.
Fugitive Return Program
This program is funded by the Civil Forfeiture Office within the BC government. On 15 February 2012, the Government of BC, the RCMP, all BC Municipal Police Agencies, and the BC Sheriff Service signed a Memorandum of Understanding which led to the establishment of a protocol governing the program. Under the program members of BCSS work alongside other B.C. Law Enforcement partners to remove persons with outstanding warrants from other Canadian provinces and return the wanted persons to the province of jurisdictions.
Sheriff Ceremonial Unit
Ceremonial appointments only wear their insignia while performing duties related to ceremonial occasions and only exercise their authority in relation to ceremonial occasions.