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Open Access Articles- Top Results for Buddhism by country

Buddhism by country

Buddhism in the world is practiced by an estimated 488 million,[1] 495 million,[2] or 535 million[3] people as of the 2010s, representing 7% to 8% of the world's total population.

China is the country with the largest population of Buddhists, approximately 244 million or 18.2% of its total population.[1] They are mostly followers of Chinese schools of Mahayana, making this the largest body of Buddhist traditions. Mahayana, also practiced in broader East Asia, is followed by over half of world Buddhists.[1]

The second largest body of Buddhist schools is Theravada, mostly followed in Southeast Asia.[1] The third and smallest body of schools, Vajrayana, is followed mostly in Tibet, Mongolia and parts of Russia,[1] but has been disseminated throughout the world.

According to a demographic analysis reported by Peter Harvey (2013):[3]

  • Eastern Buddhism (Mahayana) has 360 million adherents;
  • Southern Buddhism (Theravada) has 150 million adherents; and
  • Northern Buddhism (Vajrayana) has 18,2 million adherents.
  • Seven million additional Buddhists are found outside of Asia.

List of countries with largest Buddhist majority

There are 7 countries with the highest Buddhist percentage:

Buddhism by percentange as of 2010[1]
Country[4] Estimated Buddhist population  % of total Buddhist in country
23x15px Cambodia 13,701,660 96.90 %
23x15px Thailand 64,419,840 93.20 %
23x15px Burma 38,415,960 80.10 %
23x15px Bhutan 563,000 74.70 %
23x15px Sri Lanka 14,455,980 69.30 %
23x15px Laos 4,092,000 66.00 %
23x15px Mongolia 1,520,760 55.10 %

By country

Buddhism by country
Country/Territory Population (2013)[5]  % Buddhist: 1. Pew, 2. ARDA. Number of Buddhists
23x15px Afghanistan 31,108,077
23x15px Algeria 38,087,812
23x15px American Samoa 54,719
23x15px Angola 18,565,269
23x15px Argentina 42,610,981
23x15px Armenia 2,974,184
23x15px Aruba 109,153
23x15px Australia 22,262,501
23x15px Austria 8,221,646
23x15px Bahamas 319,031
23x15px Bahrain 1,281,332
23x15px Bangladesh 163,654,860
23x15px Barbados 288,725
23x15px Belarus 9,625,888
23x15px Belgium 10,444,268
23x15px Belize 334,297
23x15px Bermuda 69,467
23x15px Bhutan 725,296
23x15px Bolivia 10,461,053
23x15px Botswana 2,127,825
23x15px Brazil 201,009,622
23x15px Brunei 415,717
23x15px Bulgaria 6,981,642
23x15px Burkina Faso 17,812,961
23x15px Burma (Myanmar) 55,167,330
23x15px Cambodia 15,205,539
23x15px Cameroon 20,549,221
23x15px Canada 34,568,211
23x15px Chad 11,193,452
23x15px Chile 17,216,945
23x15px China 1,349,585,838
23x15px Christmas Island 1,513
23x15px Colombia 45,745,783
23x15px Democratic Republic of the Congo 75,507,308
23x15px Republic of the Congo 4,492,689
23x15px Costa Rica 4,695,942
23x15px Côte d'Ivoire 22,400,835
23x15px Croatia 4,475,611
23x15px Cuba 11,394,043
23x15px Curaçao 146,836
23x15px Cyprus 1,155,403
23x15px Czech Republic 10,162,921
23x15px Denmark 5,556,452
23x15px Dominica 73,286
23x15px Dominican Republic 10,219,630
23x15px East Timor 1,172,390
23x15px Ecuador 15,439,429
23x15px Egypt 85,294,388
23x15px El Salvador 6,108,590
23x15px Estonia 1,266,375
23x15px Ethiopia 93,877,025
23x15px Falkland Islands 3,140
23x15px Federated States of Micronesia 106,104
23x15px Fiji 896,758
23x15px Finland 5,266,114
23x15px France 65,951,611
23x15px French Guiana 239,450
23x15px French Polynesia 277,293
23x15px Germany 81,147,265
23x15px Ghana 22,931,299
23x15px Greece 10,772,967
23x15px Guam 160,378
23x15px Guatemala 14,373,472
23x15px Guinea 11,176,026
23x15px Guyana 739,903
Template:Country data Haiti 9,893,934
Template:Country data Honduras Honduras 8,448,465
Template:Country data Hong Kong Hong Kong 7,182,724
23x15px Hungary 9,939,470
Template:Country data Iceland Iceland 315,281
Template:Country data India India 1,220,800,359
Template:Country data Indonesia Indonesia 251,160,124
Template:Country data Iran Iran 79,853,900
Template:Country data Iraq Iraq 31,858,481
23x15px Ireland 4,775,982
Template:Country data Israel Israel 7,707,042
23x15px Italy 61,482,297
Template:Country data Jamaica 2,909,714
Template:Country data Japan Japan 127,253,075
Template:Country data Jordan Jordan 6,482,081
Template:Country data Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 17,736,896
Template:Country data Kenya Kenya 44,037,656
Template:Country data North Korea North Korea 24,720,407
Template:Country data South Korea South Korea 48,955,203
Template:Country data Kuwait Kuwait 2,695,316
Template:Country data Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan 5,548,042
23x15px Laos 6,695,166
23x15px Latvia 2,178,443
23x15px Lebanon 4,131,583
23x15px Lesotho 1,936,181
23x15px Liberia 3,989,703
23x15px Libya 6,002,347
23x15px Liechtenstein 37,009
23x15px Lithuania 3,515,858
23x15px Luxembourg 514,862
23x15px Macau 583,003
23x15px Macedonia 2,087,171
23x15px Madagascar 22,599,098
23x15px Malawi 16,777,547
23x15px Malaysia 29,628,392
23x15px Maldives 393,988
23x15px Mali 15,968,882
23x15px Malta 411,277
23x15px Martinique 403,795
23x15px Mauritius 1,322,238
23x15px Mexico 116,220,947
23x15px Mongolia 3,226,516
23x15px Montenegro 653,474
23x15px Morocco 32,649,130
23x15px Mozambique 24,096,669
23x15px Namibia 2,182,852
23x15px Nauru 9,434
File:Flag of Nepal.svg Nepal 30,430,267
23x15px Netherlands 16,805,037
23x15px New Caledonia 264,022
23x15px New Zealand 4,365,113
23x15px Nicaragua 5,788,531
23x15px Nigeria 174,507,539
23x15px Northern Mariana Islands 51,170
23x15px Norway 4,722,701
23x15px Oman 3,154,134
23x15px Pakistan 193,238,868
23x15px Palau 21,108
23x15px Palestine 4,293,313
23x15px Panama 3,559,408
23x15px Papua New Guinea 6,431,902
23x15px Paraguay 6,623,252
23x15px Peru 29,849,303
23x15px Philippines 98,215,000
23x15px Poland 38,383,809
23x15px Portugal 10,799,270
23x15px Puerto Rico 3,674,209
23x15px Qatar 2,042,444
23x15px Réunion 839,500
23x15px Romania 21,790,479
23x15px Russia 142,500,482
23x15px Saudi Arabia 26,939,583
23x15px Senegal 12,521,851
23x15px Serbia 10,150,265
23x15px Seychelles 90,846
23x15px Sierra Leone 5,612,685
23x15px Singapore 5,460,302
23x15px Slovakia 5,488,339
23x15px Slovenia 1,992,690
23x15px Solomon Islands 597,248
23x15px South Africa 48,601,098
23x15px Spain 47,370,542
23x15px Sri Lanka 21,675,648
23x15px Sudan 34,847,910
23x15px Suriname 566,846
23x15px Swaziland 1,403,362
23x15px Sweden 9,119,423
23x16px Switzerland 7,996,026
23x15px Taiwan 23,299,716
23x15px Tajikistan 7,910,041
23x15px Tanzania 48,261,942
23x15px Thailand 67,448,120
23x15px Togo 7,154,237
23x15px Tonga 106,322
23x15px Tunisia 10,835,873
23x15px Trinidad and Tobago 1,225,225
23x15px Turkey 80,694,485
23x15px Turkmenistan 5,113,040
23x15px Tuvalu 10,698
23x15px Uganda 34,758,809
23x15px Ukraine 44,573,205
23x15px United Arab Emirates 5,473,972
23x15px United Kingdom 63,395,574
23x15px United States 316,668,567
23x15px Uruguay 3,324,460
23x15px US Virgin Islands 104,737
23x15px Uzbekistan 28,661,637
23x15px Vanuatu 261,565
23x15px Venezuela 28,459,085
23x15px Vietnam 92,477,857
23x15px Yemen 25,408,288
23x15px Zambia 14,222,233
23x15px Zimbabwe 13,182,908
TOTAL 7,095,217,980 Pew: 7.1% Pew: 487,540,000

By region

Buddhism by region in 2010[1]
Region Estimated total population Estimated Buddhist population  %
Asia-Pacific 4,054,990,000 481,290,000 11.9%
North America 344,530,000 3,860,000 1.1%
Europe 742,550,000 1,330,000 0.2%
Middle East-North Africa 341,020,000 500,000 0.1%
Latin America-Caribbean 590,080,000 410,000 <0.1%
Total 6,895,890,000 487,540,000 7.1%

Ten countries with the largest Buddhist populations

Countries with the largest Buddhist populations as of 2010[1]
Country Estimated Buddhist population  % of the total population of the country  % of world Buddhist population
China 244,130,000 18.2% 50.1%
Thailand 64,420,000 93.2% 13.2%
Japan 45,820,000 36.2% 9.4%
Burma 38,410,000 80.1% 7.9%
Sri Lanka 14,450,000 69.3% 3%
Vietnam 14,380,000 16.4% 2.9%
Cambodia 13,690,000 96.9% 2.8%
South Korea 11,050,000 22.9% 2.3%
India 9,250,000 0.8% 1.9%
Malaysia 5,010,000 17.7% 1%
Subtotal for the ten countries 460,620,000 15.3% 94.5%
Subtotal for the rest of the world 26,920,000 0.7% 5.5%
World total 487,540,000 7.1% 100%

See also

Other religions:

General:

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Pew Research Center, Global Religious Landscape: Buddhists.
  2. Johnson, Todd M.; Grim, Brian J. (2013). The World's Religions in Figures: An Introduction to International Religious Demography (PDF). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 34–37. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Harvey, Peter (2013). An Introduction to Buddhism: Teachings, History and Practices (2nd ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 5. ISBN 9780521676748. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  4. Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life (December 2012), The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Major Religious Groups as of 2010 (PDF), Pew Research Center, retrieved 9 October 2013 
  5. CIA's The World Factbook: Populations as of July 2013