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Butyronitrile

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Butyronitrile[1]

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IUPAC name
Butanenitrile[3]
Other names
  • 1-Cyanopropane[2]
  • Propyl cyanide[2]
  • n-Butyronitrile[2]
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1361452 109-74-0 7pxY ChEBI CHEBI:51937 7pxN ChemSpider 7717 7pxN EC number 203-700-6 Jmol-3D images Image MeSH N-butyronitrile PubChem Template:Chembox PubChem/format RTECS number ET8750000 UN number 2411 colspan=2 style="background:#f8eaba; border-top:2px solid transparent; border-bottom:2px solid transparent; text-align:center;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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This page is a soft redirect.- C4H7N Molar mass Lua error in Module:Math at line 495: attempt to index field 'ParserFunctions' (a nil value). g·mol−1 Appearance Colourless Odor sharp and suffocating[2] Density 794 mg mL−1 Melting point Script error: No such module "convert". Boiling point Script error: No such module "convert". 0.033 g/100 mL Solubility soluble in benzene
miscible in alcohol, ether, dimethylformamide Vapor pressure 3.1 Pa 190 μmol Pa−1 kg−1 1.38385 Dipole moment 3.5 colspan=2 style="background:#f8eaba; border-top:2px solid transparent; border-bottom:2px solid transparent; text-align:center;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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134.2 J K−1 mol−1 −6.8–−4.8 kJ mol−1 −2.579 MJ mol−1 colspan=2 style="background:#f8eaba; border-top:2px solid transparent; border-bottom:2px solid transparent; text-align:center;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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GHS pictograms The flame pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The skull-and-crossbones pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) GHS signal word DANGER H225, H301, H311, H331 P210, P261, P280, P301+310, P311 EU Index 608-005-00-5 EU classification Highly Flammable F Toxic T R-phrases R11, R23/24/25 S-phrases (S1/2), S16, S36/37, S45, S63 NFPA 704

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Flash point Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Explosive limits 1.65%–?[2] 50 mg kg−1 (oral, rat) US health exposure limits (NIOSH):

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This page is a soft redirect. TWA 8 ppm (22 mg/m3)[2] #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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Related alkanenitriles
Related compounds
DBNPA
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 14pxN verify (what is10pxY/10pxN?) Infobox references

Butyronitrile or butanenitrile or propyl cyanide, is a nitrile with the formula C3H7CN. This colorless liquid is miscible with most polar organic solvents.

Uses

It is mainly used as a precursor to the poultry drug amprolium.[4]

Synthesis

Butyronitrile is prepared industrially by the ammoxidation of n-butanol:

C3H7CH2OH + NH3 + O2 → C3H7CN + 3 H2O


References

  1. ^ Merck Index, 11th Edition, 1597
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0086". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). 
  3. ^ "N-butyronitrile - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 26 March 2005. Identification. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  4. ^ Peter Pollak, Gérard Romeder, Ferdinand Hagedorn, Heinz-Peter Gelbke "Nitriles" Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2002, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi:10.1002/14356007.a17_363

External links