Calcium channel, voltage-dependent, T type, alpha 1G subunit, also known as CACNA1G or Cav3.1 is a protein which in humans is encoded by the CACNA1G gene.
Voltage-dependent calcium channels can be distinguished based on their voltage-dependence, deactivation, and single-channel conductance. Low-voltage-activated calcium channels are referred to as 'T' type because their currents are both transient, owing to fast inactivation, and tiny, owing to small conductance. T-type channels are thought to be involved in pacemaker activity, low-threshold calcium spikes, neuronal oscillations and resonance, and rebound burst firing.
Interactive pathway map
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- ^ a b "Entrez Gene: CACNA1H calcium channel, voltage-dependent, T type, alpha 1H subunit".
- ^ Perez-Reyes E, Cribbs LL, Daud A, Lacerda AE, Barclay J, Williamson MP, Fox M, Rees M, Lee JH (February 1998). "Molecular characterization of a neuronal low-voltage-activated T-type calcium channel". Nature 391 (6670): 896–900. PMID 9495342. doi:10.1038/36110.
- ^ Catterall WA, Perez-Reyes E, Snutch TP, Striessnig J (December 2005). "International Union of Pharmacology. XLVIII. Nomenclature and structure-function relationships of voltage-gated calcium channels". Pharmacol. Rev. 57 (4): 411–25. PMID 16382099. doi:10.1124/pr.57.4.5.
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This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.