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Carrot River

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Location of the mouth of the Carrot River

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Carrot River
Highway 23 bridge over the Carrot River during the 2006 flood near the town of Carrot River
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south of Crystal Springs
45|47|N|105|24|18|W|type:river_region:CA-X name=

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near The Pas
53°50′02″N 101°18′17″W / 53.83389°N 101.30472°W / 53.83389; -101.30472Coordinates: 53°50′02″N 101°18′17″W / 53.83389°N 101.30472°W / 53.83389; -101.30472{{#coordinates: 53|50|02|N|101|18|17|W|type:river_region:CA-X primary name=

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[1][2]
File:Carrotriver 2006 flood1.jpg
The river flooding a bridge east of the Town of Carrot River

The Carrot River is a river in north-eastern Saskatchewan, and north-western Manitoba. The river begins at Waterhen Marsh located south of Kinistino, Saskatchewan and continues through north-east Saskatchewan until it empties into the Saskatchewan River north-west of The Pas, Manitoba. The Carrot River serves as the main watershed for north-eastern Saskatchewan as all smaller streams and rivers empty into the Carrot River. This causes major flood problems during the spring run off and rainy seasons around the Town of Carrot River and Red Earth Indian Reserve. The floods usually strand everyone east of the river with very few ways around the flooded area.

Another Carrot River enters Oxford Lake on the Hayes River.

History

The Carrot River valley was initially inhabited by Cree and Saulteaux First Nations. English fur trader and explorer Henry Kelsey explored the river in the summer of 1691.[3] Louis de la Corne, Chevalier de la Corne and Anthony Henday also explored the valley during the 1750s.

Fossils and historical finds

During the 1980s the Royal Saskatchewan Museum explored the banks and rock edges of the Carrot River, because a local farmer had been finding numerous fossils in that area. The tests on the found fossils showed them to be approximately 92 million years old. The sites along the Carrot River proved to be some of the wealthiest deposits of fossils and showed deposits from numerous other species including sharks and fish.

The most notable find was in 1991, when the Royal Saskatchewan Museum and the Canadian Museum of Nature unearthed the remains of an ancient crocodile. During the next couple of years, using shovels, pick-axes, and explosives, they retrieved a six-meter skeleton of Terminonaris Robustus but everyone called it "Big Bert". Big Bert turned out to be very well preserved and the only one of its kind found in Canada.[4] They also found a complete fossil of xiphactinus and toothed birds.[5]

Fish Species

The fish species include walleye, yellow perch, northern pike, burbot and white sucker.

See also

References

  1. "Natural Resources Canada-Canadian Geographical Names (Carrot River)". Retrieved 2014-08-29. 
  2. "Atlas of Canada Toporama". Retrieved 2014-08-29. 
  3. MHS Transactions: The journal of Henry Kelsey, 1691-1692
  4. "Big Bert Honoured". Town of Carrot River. Retrieved 2010-12-09. 
  5. "Fossil Record". Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. Retrieved 2010-12-09. 

External links