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Castella

For other uses, see Castella (disambiguation).
Castella
300px
Type Sponge cake
Place of origin Japan
Region or state Nagasaki
Main ingredients Flour, sugar, eggs, mizuame
16x16px Cookbook:Castella  16x16px Castella

Castella (カステラ Kasutera?) is a popular Japanese sponge cake made of sugar, flour, eggs, and starch syrup.

Now a specialty of Nagasaki, the cake was brought to Japan by Portuguese merchants in the 16th century. The name is derived from Portuguese Pão de Castela, meaning "bread from Castile". Castella cake is usually sold in long boxes, with the cake inside being approximately 27 cm long. It is somewhat similar to Madeira cake, also associated with Portugal, but its closest relative is pão-de-ló, also a Portuguese cake.

Note that there are similar types of sponge cakes named after the same fashion, in French: Pain d'Espagne, in Italian: Pan di Spagna, in Portuguese: Pão de Espanha, in Romanian: Pandişpan, in Bulgarian: пандишпан, in Greek: Παντεσπάνι, in Turkish: Pandispanya (Castile is a former kingdom of Spain comprising its central provinces, thus Pain d'Espagne and other variants are quasi-synonymous to "bread from Castile").

History

File:Peach castella.jpg
A peach castella
File:Pão-de-ló.jpg
Pão-de-ló: kasutera's Portuguese ancestor
File:Castella.jpg
Detailed view of a Nagasaki-bought Castella cake

In the 16th century, the Portuguese reached Japan and soon started trade and missionary work. Nagasaki was then the only Japanese port open for foreign commerce. The Portuguese introduced many then-unusual things, such as guns, tobacco, and pumpkins. It could be stored for a long period of time, and so was useful for the sailors who were out on the sea for months. In the Edo Period, in part due to the cost of sugar, castella was an expensive dessert to make despite the ingredients sold by the Portuguese. When the Emperor of Japan's envoy was invited, the Tokugawa Shogunate presented the Castella.[1] Over the years, the taste changed to suit Japanese palates.

Varieties

Castella is made of natural ingredients, so its simple taste is a favorite of many Japanese people. There are now many varieties made with ingredients such as powdered green tea, brown sugar, and honey. They may be molded in various shapes; a popular Japanese festival food is baby castella, a bite-sized version.

See also

References

  1. ^ Bunmeidou History of Castella [1][dead link]

External links