Open Access Articles- Top Results for Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association

Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association

Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association
Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association logo
Established 1912
Association NCAA
Division Division II
Members 12
Sports fielded 16 (men's: 8; women's: 8)
Region Middle Atlantic States, South Atlantic States
Former names Colored Intercollegiate Athletic Association
Headquarters Hampton, Virginia
Commissioner Jacqie McWilliams (since September 2012)
Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association locations

The Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association (CIAA) is a collegiate athletic conference, mostly consisting of historically black colleges and universities. CIAA institutions are affiliated at the Division II level of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA).

Conference members are primarily located in North Carolina (eight) and Virginia (two). There is also one school from Maryland and another from Pennsylvania.

The CIAA sponsors 16 annual championships and is divided into Northern and Southern divisions in every sport except track and field, cross country, and baseball. The CIAA recently partnered with the startup network Bounce TV to televise sporting events and championships.


The CIAA, founded on the campus of Hampton Institute (now Hampton University) in 1912, is the oldest African-American athletic conference in the United States. It was originally known as the Colored Intercollegiate Athletic Association and adopted its current name in December 1950.

Founding leaders were Allen Washington and C.H. Williams of Hampton Institute; Ernest J. Marshall of Howard University; George Johnson of Lincoln University, PA ; W.E. Atkins, Charles Frasher, and H.P. Hargrave of Shaw University; and J.W. Barco and J.W. Pierce of Virginia Union University.[1]

The CIAA's legacy dates back to 1892 when Livingstone College and Biddle University (now Johnson C. Smith University) played in the first football game between two African-American colleges.[citation needed] Many other sports also increased in popularity over the ensuing years.

Football is experiencing a major resurgence after going through a period of decline at several member universities. Football was absent from the campus of Saint Augustine's University for nearly three decades, before getting reinstated by the administration in 2002. Shaw University then brought back its football program in 2003, following a hiatus of 24 years.

Lincoln University, a charter member, added varsity football in 2008 and was readmitted to the CIAA after nearly three decades in Division III. Chowan University joined the CIAA in 2008 for football only. On October 14, 2008, the CIAA Board of Directors admitted Chowan as a full member effective July 1, 2009, the first non-HBCU to play in the conference.

The CIAA, founded in 1912, is composed predominantly of Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) spanning the east coast from Pennsylvania to North Carolina.

On August 27, 2012, the CIAA announced the appointment of Jacqie Carpenter, the first African-American female commissioner to hold the position.[2]

In 2014, a collection of records, including the original 1912 documents leading to the formation of the CIAA and meeting minutes from 1913-1922, were sold at auction after being discovered in a storage locker. The lot sold for $11,500 to an unnamed bidder.[3]

Conference membership

A divisional format is used for basketball (M / W), football, softball, and volleyball.

Current members

Institution Location Founded Enrollment Nickname Colors Joined
Northern Division
Bowie State University Bowie, Maryland 1865 5,561 Bulldogs           1979
Chowan University Murfreesboro, North Carolina 1848 1,316 Hawks           2009
Elizabeth City State University Elizabeth City, North Carolina 1891 2,421 Vikings           1957
Lincoln University Oxford, Pennsylvania 1854 2,650 Lions           1912;
Virginia State University Ettrick, Virginia 1882 4,900 Trojans           1920
Virginia Union University Richmond, Virginia 1865 1,700 Panthers           1912
Southern Division
Fayetteville State University Fayetteville, North Carolina 1867 5,000 Broncos           1954
Johnson C. Smith University Charlotte, North Carolina 1867 1,500 Golden Bulls           1926
Livingstone College Salisbury, North Carolina 1879 1,200 Blue Bears           1931
Saint Augustine's University Raleigh, North Carolina 1867 1,500 Falcons           1933
Shaw University Raleigh, North Carolina 1865 2,800 Bears           1912
Winston–Salem State University Winston-Salem, North Carolina 1892 6,000 Rams           1945;
  • Chowan — football was an affiliate member in 2008–09.
  • Lincoln (PA) — left the CIAA in 1980, and re-joined in 2008.
  • Winston–Salem State — left the CIAA in 2006, and re-joined in 2010.

Former members

Institution Location Founded Nickname Joined Left Current
Bluefield State College Bluefield, West Virginia 1895 Big Blues 1932 1955 Independent
Delaware State University Dover, Delaware 1891 Hornets 1945 1970 MEAC
Hampton University Hampton, Virginia 1868 Pirates 1912 1995 MEAC
Howard University Washington, D.C. 1867 Bison 1912 1970 MEAC
University of Maryland Eastern Shore Princess Anne, Maryland 1886 Hawks 1954 1970 MEAC
Morgan State University Baltimore, Maryland 1867 Bears 1929 1970 MEAC
Norfolk State University Norfolk, Virginia 1935 Spartans 1962 1996 MEAC
North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University Greensboro, North Carolina 1891 Aggies 1924 1970 MEAC
North Carolina Central University Durham, North Carolina 1910 Eagles 1928;
Saint Paul's College Lawrenceville, Virginia 1888 Tigers 1923 2011 Closed in 2013
Virginia University of Lynchburg Lynchburg, Virginia 1886 Dragons 1921 1954 USCAA
West Virginia State University Institute, West Virginia 1891 Yellow Jackets 1942 1955 Mountain East

Membership timeline


DateFormat = yyyy

ImageSize = width:1000 height:auto barincrement:25

Period = from:1912 till:2017

TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal

PlotArea = right:5 left:5 bottom:50 top:5

Colors =

            id:line value:black
            id:Full value:rgb(0.7,0.9,0.8) # all sports
            id:FullxF value:rgb(0.9,0.8,0.7) # non-football
            id:AssocF value:rgb(0.9,0.7,0.8) # football only
            id:Assoc value:rgb(0.8,0.9,0.7) # associate
            id:Bar1 value:rgb(0.8,0.8,0.7)
            id:Bar2 value:rgb(0.9,0.9,0.6)

PlotData =

width:15 textcolor:darkblue shift:(5,-5) anchor:from fontsize:s
bar:1 color:Full from:1912 till:1995 text:Hampton (1912–1995)
bar:2 color:Full from:1912 till:1970 text:Howard (1912–1970)
bar:3 color:Full from:1912 till:1980 text:Lincoln (1912–1980)
bar:3 color:Full from:2008 till:end text:(2008– )
bar:4 color:Full from:1912 till:end text:Shaw (1912– )
bar:5 color:Full from:1912 till:end text:Virginia Union (1912– )
bar:6 color:Full from:1920 till:end text:Virginia State (1920– )
bar:7 color:Full from:1921 till:1954 text:VUL (1921–1954)
bar:8 color:Full from:1923 till:2011 text:Saint Paul's (1923–2011)
bar:9 color:Full from:1924 till:1970 text:North Carolina A&T (1924–1970)
bar:10 color:Full from:1926 till:end text:Johnson C. Smith (1926– )
bar:11 color:Full from:1928 till:1970 text:North Carolina Central (1928–1970)
bar:11 color:Full from:1980 till:2007 text:(1980–2007)
bar:12 color:Full from:1929 till:1970 text:Morgan State (1929–1970)
bar:13 color:Full from:1931 till:end text:Livingstone (1931– )
bar:14 color:Full from:1932 till:1955 text:Bluefield State (1932–1955)
bar:15 color:Full from:1933 till:end text:Saint Augustine's (1933– )
bar:16 color:Full from:1942 till:1955 text:West Virginia State (1942–1955)
bar:17 color:Full from:1945 till:1970 text:Delaware State (1945–1970)
bar:18 color:Full from:1945 till:2006 text:Winston-Salem State (1945–2016)
bar:18 color:Full from:2010 till:end text:(2010– )
bar:19 color:Full from:1954 till:end text:Fayetteville State (1954– )
bar:20 color:Full from:1954 till:1970 text:Maryland-Eastern Shore (1954–1970)
bar:21 color:Full from:1957 till:end text:Elizabeth City State (1957– )
bar:22 color:Full from:1962 till:1996 text:Norfolk State (1962–1996)
bar:23 color:Full from:1979 till:end text:Bowie State (1979– )
bar:24 color:AssocF from:2008 till:2009 text:
bar:24 color:Full from:2009 till:end text:Chowan (2009– )
bar:N color:Bar1 from:1912 till:1950 text:Colored Intercollegiate Athletic Association
bar:N color:Bar2 from:1950 till:end text:Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association

ScaleMajor = gridcolor:line unit:year increment:5 start:1915

TextData =

pos:(0,25) tabs:(400-center)
text:^"CIAA Conference Membership History"


 Full member (all sports)   Full member (non-football)   Associate member (football-only)   Associate member (sport) 


Conference sports
Sport Men's Women's
Baseball 13pxY
Basketball 13pxY 13pxY
Bowling 13pxY
Cross Country 13pxY 13pxY
Football 13pxY
Golf 13pxY
Softball 13pxY
Tennis 13pxY 13pxY
Track & Field Indoor 13pxY 13pxY
Track & Field Outdoor 13pxY 13pxY
Volleyball 13pxY

Men's sponsored sports by school

School Baseball Basketball Cross
Football Golf Tennis Track
& Field
& Field
Bowie State 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 5
Chowan 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 6
Elizabeth City State (13pxY) 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 4
Fayetteville State 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 4
Johnson C. Smith 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 7
Lincoln (PA) 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 6
Livingstone College 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 6
Saint Augustine's 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 7
Shaw 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 5
Virginia State 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 8
Virginia Union 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 7
Winston-Salem State 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 4
Totals 5 12 12 12 8 5 7 8 69
  • Elizabeth City State — Baseball is suspended with an anticipated return in the 2017–18 academic year.[4]

Women's sponsored sports by school

School Basketball Bowling Cross
Softball Tennis Track
& Field
& Field
Volleyball Total
Bowie State 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 8
Chowan 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 6
Elizabeth City State 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 6
Fayetteville State 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 6
Johnson C. Smith 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 8
Lincoln (PA) 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 6
Livingstone College 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 8
Saint Augustine's 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 7
Shaw 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 7
Virginia State 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 8
Virginia Union 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 8
Winston-Salem State 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 7
Totals 12 10 12 12 10 8 9 12 85
  • — D-I sport

Other sponsored sports by school

School Men Women
Soccer Golf Lacrosse Soccer
Lincoln (PA) IND

Conference facilities

School Football Basketball
Stadium Capacity Arena Capacity
Bowie State Bulldog Stadium 6,000 A.C. Jordan Arena 2,200
Chowan Garrison Stadium 5,000 Helms Center 3,500
Elizabeth City State Roebuck Stadium 6,500 R. L. Vaughn Center 5,000
Fayetteville State Luther "Nick" Jeralds Stadium 5,520 Felton J. Capel Arena 4,000
Johnson C. Smith Irwin Belk Complex 4,500 Brayboy Gymnasium 2,316
Lincoln (PA) Lincoln University Stadium 3,000 Manuel Rivero Hall 3,000
Livingstone Alumni Memorial Stadium 5,500 William Trent Gymnasium 1,500
Saint Augustine's George Williams Athletic Complex 2,500 Emery Gymnasium 1,000
Shaw Durham County Stadium 8,500 C.C. Spaulding Gym 1,500
Virginia State Rogers Stadium 13,500 Daniel Gymnasium 3,454
Virginia Union Hovey Field 10,000 Barco-Stevens Hall 2,000
Winston–Salem State Bowman Gray Stadium 22,000 C.E. Gaines Center 3,200

Basketball tournament

It was the first NCAA Division II conference to have its tournament televised as part of Championship Week on ESPN. Over 115,000 fans attended the 2007 CIAA tournament.[5]


The CIAA cheering squads practice Stomp 'N Shake that incorporates voice, gymnastics, and dance. Over the past few decades, S-N-S has evolved into a more technical style, priding itself on precision, accuracy, and creativity. Included in this style are the techniques of up-stomp, up-step, down-stomp, kick, side-kick, roll, roll-break, power-arms, slpaz-hand, clasp, blade, and the shakes(car-wash shake, single shake, double shake, hit-shake, and jiggle-pop). CIAA Cheerleading is most known for its cheer battles. This is where squads battle each other during games verbally with chants. It provides a heightened level of excitement and competition to the sports they are cheering for. It showcases cheerleading in a different dimension. Only in this style can you excite the crowd, rally them to cheer on the team, cheer on the team and slay your opponent all at the same time.

Institution Squad name
Bowie State University Golden Girls
Chowan University Sapphires
Elizabeth City State University Dee-Lite Cheerleaders
Fayetteville State University Cheer Phi Smoov Cheerleaders
Johnson C. Smith University Luv-A-Bull Cheerleaders
Lincoln University (PA) Fe-Lions Cheerleaders
Livingstone College La La's Cheerleaders
Saint Augustine's University BlueChip Cheerleaders
Shaw University Chi Chi Cheerleaders
Virginia State University Woo Woo Cheerleaders
Virginia Union University Rah Rah Cheerleaders
Winston-Salem State University Cheer Phi Cheerleaders


  1. ^ Raymond Schmidt, Shaping College Football: The Transformation of an American Sport, 1919-1930 (Syracuse University Press, 2007) p133
  2. ^ "Carpenter Named New CIAA Commissioner". 2012-08-27. Retrieved 2012-08-27. 
  3. ^ "Saunders: This CIAA treasure trove fails to bring in big money at auction". 2014-02-26. Retrieved 2014-02-26. 
  4. ^ "ECSU to Suspend Baseball Program". Elizabeth City State University Athletics. Retrieved May 28, 2014. 
  5. ^

External links