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Centrist Democrat International

Centrist Democrat International
Abbreviation CDI
Formation Template:If empty
Purpose World federation of centre/moderate political parties
Headquarters Brussels, Belgium
Region served
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Official language
French, English and Spanish
Pier Ferdinando Casini
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Formerly called
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The Centrist Democrat International was until 2001 the Christian Democrat International (CDI) and before that the Christian Democrat and People's Parties International (until 1999) (this earlier name is, since October 2000,[1] still sometimes used colloquially). This political international was created in 1961 in Santiago, Chile[2][3] as the Christian Democrat World Union, building on the legacy of other Christian Democrat internationals[4] who tried to create a Christian-inspired third way[5] alternative to the socialist internationals; in 1982 it was renamed for the first time Christian Democrat International.[6] The name officially changed due to the participation of groups of various faiths.[7] It is the global international political group dedicated to the promotion of Christian democracy. Although it gathers parties from around the globe, its members are drawn principally from Europe and Latin America. Some of them are also members of the International Democrat Union, although the CDI is closer to the political centre and more communitarian than the IDU.

The CDI's European wing, the European People's Party, is the largest political party at the European level. Its Latin American equivalent is the Christian Democrat Organization of America. The Democratic Party of the United States of America maintains links with CDI through the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs. A youth organisation of the CDI is currently being established under the name of Youth of the Centrist Democrat International (YCDI).

Executive Committee

The CDI Executive Committee is the highest body of the organisation, formed by the president, the executive secretary and the vice-presidents.

The current president of the CDI is Pier Ferdinando Casini of Italy, while its Executive Secretary is Spanish MEP Antonio López-Istúriz, who is also Secretary-General of the EPP[8]

The members of the Executive Committee are:

Member parties

Country Party Abbr Government
23x15px Albania Democratic Party of Albania PD in opposition
23x15px Algeria National Rally for Democracy RND in government
23x15px Angola National Union for the Total Independence of Angola UNITA in opposition
23x15px Argentina Christian Democratic Party PDC in opposition
23x15px Armenia Rule of Law OEK junior party in government
23x15px Aruba Aruban People's Party AVP/PPA in opposition
23x15px Belgium Christian Democratic and Flemish CD&V junior party in the Michel Government
23x15px Bolivia Christian Democratic Party PDCB in opposition
23x15px Brazil Democrats DEM in opposition
23x15px Bulgaria Union of Democratic Forces SDS extraparliamentary opposition
23x15px Burkina Faso Union for the Republic UR in opposition
23x15px Cambodia National United Front for an Independent, Neutral, Peaceful, and Cooperative Cambodia FUNCINPEC in opposition
23x15px Cape Verde Movement for Democracy MPD in opposition
23x15px Chile Christian Democratic Party PDC in government
23x15px Colombia Colombian Conservative Party PCC junior party in government
23x15px Democratic Republic of the Congo Movement for the Liberation of the Congo MLC in opposition
23x15px Ivory Coast Rally of the Republicans[9] RDR in government
23x15px Croatia Croatian Democratic Union HDZ in opposition
23x15px Cuba Christian Liberation Movement MCL in exile
23x15px Cuba Christian Democratic Party of Cuba PDCC in exile
23x15px Curaçao National People's Party NVP/PNP in opposition
23x15px Cyprus Democratic Rally DISY in government
23x15px Czech Republic Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party KDU–ČSL in government
23x15px Denmark Christian Democrats KD not in parliament
23x15px Dominican Republic Social Christian Reformist Party PRSC in opposition
23x15px Ecuador Christian Democratic Union UDC in opposition
23x15px El Salvador Christian Democratic Party PDC in opposition
23x15px France Union for a Popular Movement UMP in opposition
23x15px Germany Christian Democratic Union CDU leader of government coalition
23x15px Greece New Democracy ND in opposition
23x15px Equatorial Guinea Popular Action of Equatorial Guinea APGE in opposition
23x15px Hungary Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance FIDESZ in government
23x15px Ireland Fine Gael FG leader of government coalition
23x15px Italy Union of the Centre UdC junior party in grand coalition government
23x15px Italy UDEUR Populars UDEUR in opposition
23x15px Lebanon Lebanese Christian Democratic Union junior party of government
23x15px Lebanon Kataeb Phalange in opposition
23x15px Malta Nationalist Party PN in opposition
23x15px Mauritania Union for Democracy and Progress UDP in opposition
23x15px Mauritania Union for the Republic UR in government
23x15px Mexico National Action Party PAN in opposition
23x15px Morocco Istiqlal Party in opposition
23x15px Mozambique Democratic Movement of Mozambique MDM in opposition
23x15px Netherlands Christian Democratic Appeal CDA in opposition
23x15px Norway Christian People's Party KrF in opposition
23x15px Panama People's Party PP in opposition
23x15px Paraguay Christian Democratic Party PDC in opposition
23x15px Peru Christian People's Party PPC in opposition
23x15px Philippines Struggle of Democratic Filipinos LDP junior party of government
23x15px Philippines Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats Lakas in opposition
23x15px Portugal Social Democratic Party PSD leader of government coalition
23x15px Romania Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party PNȚ-CD in opposition
23x15px Romania Democratic Liberal Party PD-L in opposition
23x15px San Marino Sammarinese Christian Democratic Party PDCS largest party in Parliament
23x15px Slovakia Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party SDKÚ-DS in opposition
23x15px Slovenia New Slovenia NSi in opposition
23x15px Slovenia Slovenian Democratic Party SDS in opposition
23x15px Spain People's Party PP in government
23x15px Spain Democratic Union of Catalonia UDC part of CiU
23x15px Sweden Christian Democrats KD junior party of Alliance government
23x15px Ukraine Christian Democratic Union KDS in opposition
23x15px Venezuela Christian Social Party 'Copei' COPEI in opposition

Observer parties


In 2008, Russian party, United Russia, the party of Vladimir Putin, applied for membership.[10]

See also



  • Papini, Roberto (1997). The Christian Democrat International. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. 

External links