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Chakdaha

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Chakdaha
চাকদহ
City
Location in West Bengal, India

Coordinates: 23°05′N 88°31′E / 23.08°N 88.52°E / 23.08; 88.52Coordinates: 23°05′N 88°31′E / 23.08°N 88.52°E / 23.08; 88.52{{#coordinates:23.08|N|88.52|E|type:city(132855)_region:|||| |primary |name=

}}
Country Template:Country data India
State West Bengal
District Nadia
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Body Chairman
 • MLA Ratna Ghosh
Elevation 11 m (36 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 132,855
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 741222
Lok Sabha constituency Ranaghat
Vidhan Sabha constituency Chakdaha
Website nadia.nic.in

Chakdaha is a city and a municipality in Kalyani subdivision of Nadia district in the state of West Bengal, India.[1]

History

Chakdaha is a prominent urban local body in the district of Nadia – Nadia being one of the southern districts of West Bengal. Located on the banks of Bhagirathi River, Chakdaha derived its name from its mythological past. According to one of these stories, when river Bhagirathi was taking Ganga along this path, the wheel of his chariot got stuck in the sand, and from then onwards, that place became known as 'Chakradaha' or 'Chakdaha'.In 1885 it is a village with population of 5000 people. In 1886 it was declared as municipality on May Day by British Architectural Engineer - John Beglar.

Rulers

  • Kazi Mirza Itteshamuddin
  • Gangesa Upadhyaya
  • Bhuia King – Pratapaditya
  • Murshid Quli Khan
  • British East India Company

Geography

Chakdaha is located at 23°05′N 88°31′E / 23.08°N 88.52°E / 23.08; 88.52{{#coordinates:23.08|N|88.52|E||||| | |name= }}.[2] It has an average elevation of 11 metres (36 feet). 62 kms north of state capital [Kolkata] , It is on National Highway 34.

Demographics

In the 2011 census, Chakdaha Urban Agglomeration had a population of 132,855, out of which 67,135 65 were males and 65,720 were females. The 0–5 years population was 9,829. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 90.95 per cent.[3]

As of the 2001 India census,[4] Chakdaha had a population of 86,965. Males constituted 51% of the population and females 49%. Chakdaha had an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. 9% of the population was under 6 years of age.

Economy

Chakdaha is a place of business. Singher Hat is the second Largest vegetables market in this state. Many traders from different district sold and purchase goods from this market. Small traders from nearby towns and villages purchase goods from Chakdaha Town Bazar. Both Wholesale and Retail business have developed here. The Economy of Chakdaha and its surrounding region is mostly based on agriculture and Clothes Market. Chakdaha today is totally service sector oriented economy along with business as an unorganized informal sector. People living in this region work in the neighbouring areas and in Kolkata. Industries are almost nonexistent except a few small-scale industries mainly plastic factories. Once Chakdaha was center of jute industry but due to the change in the course of river it lost all its glory and importance. Supreme Paper Mills Ltd is one of the most dependable industry in this town.

IT infrastructure is getting popularised lately. All the banks in town have been computerised. The town now boasts several ATM counters.


Education


The town boasts a large number of primary and high-schools and a reputed college for higher education.

Higher-Secondary schools
  • CHAKDAHA RAMLAL ACADEMY
  • CHAKDAH BASANTA KUMARI BALIKA VIDYAPITH
  • CHAKDAH PURBACHAL VIDYAPITH FOR BOYS
  • CHAKDAH PURBACHAL VIDYAPITH FOR GIRLS
  • Satish Chandra Memorial School
  • Chakdaha Bapuji Balika Vidyamandir
  • Chakdaha Bapuji Vidya Mandir
  • Chakdaha Bipin Bihari School
  • Chakdaha Pabna Colony School
  • Chakdaha Model School
Primary Schools
  • Chakdaha Model School
  • Purbachal Model School
  • Happy Home
  • St Mary's
  • Broadway Accent School
Colleges
  • Chakdaha College
  • J.R.S.E.T. College of Education

Except these school and college,there are also many school and few college.

Till today Arup Das from Chakdaha Purbachal Vidyapith For boys is the only student who placed 1st position in both of Secondary and High Secondary Examination in 1987 and 1989 in West Bengal. Souptik Chakraborty from Ramlal Academy placed 3rd position in High Secondary Examination in 2014. Pritish Adhikary also places in Top 10 from Chakdaha Purbachal Vidyapith on 2007. A student from Chakdaha College Mr. Sudipta Saha scored first class first in graduation examination of Kalyani University.

Culture

Festivals

The town is inhabited mostly by Bengali Hindus. Durga-puja, like in all other Bengali communities, is the largest and most colourful festival and is celebrated throughout the town.The big budgeted and grand theme pujas are mainly done by Youth Club, Maa Bhavani Shebok Sangha, Chattra milani Club, Momimala, 3no Kalibari etc. Another side of this town is famous for Kali puja.There are several clubs like Vangagora Club, Durgabari, Netaji Sangha,Bichitra Sangha organizing such pujas.other major Hindu pujas are celebrated as well.Rath-yatra is another big festival of the town. Every year millions of people from the town and nearby places come to see the rath, enjoy various rides and have fun during the month of June–July at the Rath Tola and 3no Moni Kali bari rath-yatra-utsav.Recently some local clubs are started celebrating Jagaddhatri puja. A hindu festival called 'Dol yatra' is celebrated everywhere at the town. Chattra Milani ground is famous for 'kirtan',a gathering of hindu religious people in a motive to know God Krishna, is very popular. Ganash Janani Mela is one of the oldest fair in this District,it is more than 350 years. Basanti DURGA Puja is being during March/April every year at Basantitala ,KANTHALPULLY,west side of Chakdaha railway station since 1967.

Entertainment and sports

Bharati Hall(Dolby-DTS). is the only one theatre in this town. Cultural programmes are mostly held in the Sampriti Manch and Chakdaha Pouro Mukto Mancha Each winter one large cultural program(better known as Melas) takes place in Chakdaha. There is a 'Mukta Mancha'(Open Air Stage) as known as Chakdaha Pouro Mukto Mancha. from 2014 'Chakdaha Book Fair' is started as an inspiration of 'Kolkata Book Fair'. Flower Exhibition is one of the popular event in this town

Cricket and football are the most popular sports. Karate has been a great interest amongst the youth of Chakdah.Since then many boys and girls have excelled in this field and brought laurels for Ranaghat even from national and international arena.There are several nature parks and playing grounds for toddlers such as Nabin Sangha, Monimela, Chakdah Stadium , Bapuji Boys school etc.

Transportation

The city is well connected to the Sealdah railway station through the Sealdah-Ranaghat Line. Local and passenger trains are available Shortly. Distance between Kolkata to Chakdaha is 62 km by Rails. From Chakdaha railway station, trains travel both north and south. Local trains are available to: Ranaghat, Krishnagar, Shantipur, Gede, and Sealdah. A handful of passenger trains between Lalgola and Sealdah also stop at chakdaha.

Distance between Kolkata to Chakdaha is 69 km by Road. Chakdah has an important & busy Bus Stand which is mainly connected with Chakda-Bongaon road and NH-34, It has bus connectivity mainly with Bangaon.and It is also connecting with Barasat, Ranaghat, Tehatta, Aishmali, Nimtala and other parts of Nadia and 24 pgs(N) district. CSTC, SBST buses plying from Kolkata going to North Bengal also has a stop at Chakdah on NH-34. Buses ply to Krishnanagar, Hanskhali, Palassey, Bethua, baharampur and other parts of State. Some long-distance night buses to north Bengal are also available. People in general, though prefer trains because of ready availability and more convenience.

The Town has few Auto rickshaw and private cars stand which is connected to Bisnupur, Kalyani, Payradanga and other parts of surrounding area. Man power van rickshaw and body rickshaw are available here, Newly introduced 'ToTo' car, a type of battery powered small e-rickshaw is gaining popularity in various routes of Chakdah.

Nearest airport from the town being the Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport at Dum Dum, 58 km from the town.

Pride Of Chakdaha

Jhulan Goswami -Jhulan Goswami(born on 25 November 1983,CHAKDAHA, Nadia, West Bengal, India) is an all round cricketer who plays for the India national women's cricket team, Bengal Women, East Zone Women as well as the Asia Women XI women's cricket team. On 1st February 2009, she was appointed to lead the team for the upcoming world cup.She won the ICC Women's Player of the Year 2007 and the M.A. Chidambaram trophy for Best Women Cricketer in 2011.she was the fastest playing bowler in world women cricket after Cathryn Fitzpatrick retired. Till date she has honored by 2007 - ICC Women's Cricketer of the Year. 2010 - Arjuna Award. 2012 - Padma Shri. Sucheta Kriplani -Sucheta Kriplani (25 June 1908 - 01 December 1974), Indian freedom fighter & first woman to be elected Chief Minister of U.P. Her father Dr. SN Majumder was the resident of Chakdaha.

See also

Chakdaha (Community development block)

References

  1. ^ "District Wise List of Statutory Towns". Census of India 2001, Urban Frame. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-06. 
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Chakdaha
  3. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.