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Chebrolu

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Chebrolu
చేబ్రోలు
Tambrapuri[1]
Town
Chebrolu Temple Gopuram
Chebrolu Temple Gopuram
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India

Coordinates: Template:IndAbbr 16°11′48″N 80°31′30″E / 16.19667°N 80.52500°E / 16.19667; 80.52500Coordinates: Template:IndAbbr 16°11′48″N 80°31′30″E / 16.19667°N 80.52500°E / 16.19667; 80.52500{{#coordinates:16|11|48|N|80|31|30|E|type:city(11626)_region:IN-Template:IndAbbr |primary |name=

}}
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Guntur
Mandal Chebrolu
Elevation[2] 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 11,626
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 522 212

Chebrolu is a village in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It serves as the mandal headquarters of Chebrolu mandal in Tenali revenue division.[3][4] It was once a Buddhist site and territorial capital of Kakatiya dynasty.[5] The Archaeological excavations revealed Buddhist artefacts of Satavahana and Ikshavaku period. During this period, it was also known with the name Tambrapuri.[1]

History

Terracotta figurines and two coins related to Roman Emperor Constantine were found in this place. Several temples were built during the reign of Chalukya Bhima (892-922 A.D).[6] It was also a place where several inscriptions of Cholas like Velanadu Chodas were found. Satyasraya of Eastern Chalukyas sent an army by his general Baya Nambi to seize of the areas of Chalukya Cholas. The general entered Vengi from the south, reduced the forts of Dharanikota and Yanamadala to ashes and established himself at Chebrolu. Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu built a beautiful palace at Chebrolu and renovated and strengthened the temples.[7] Chebrolu has the only Jewish Synagogue in Andhra Pradesh dedicated to the Children of Yacob.[8] An inscription by Jayapa mentions a Jain temple of Ananta Jina to which he made grants in 1213 A.D.[9]


File:Brahma Temple Chebrole 1424.jpg
Chaturmukha Brahma Temple at Chebrole

Archaeological excavations

A large horde of Satavahana coins were found in Chebrolu. The coins bore the ship figure with two masts.[10] The inscription of Jayapa on two pillars in front of the Gopuram of Nageswara Temple (1231 A.D) describes the relation between Hunas and Southern kings. It refers to the Madra King Pancola and the Videha King Hammira, the Huna and the King of Kasi waiting at his door.[11]

Religious tourism

Chebrolu has more than 100 temples of great historical importance, including one dedicated to Lord Brahma. The Brahmeswara Temple is one the few and earliest temples in India dedicated to Brahma.[12]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Jonathan, P.Samuel (27 September 2014). "Buddhist artefacts discovered in Chebrolu". The Hindu (Chebrolu). Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  2. "Elevation for Pedakurapadu". Velor outes. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  4. "Adminsistrative divisions of Guntur district" (PDF). guntur.nic.in. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  5. Srinivas, M (18 September 2014). "Plan to develop Buddhist site at Chebrolu". The Hindu (Vijayawada). Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  6. Andhra Pradesh Government Archaeological Series, Issue 50; Government of Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad, 1978, p. 17
  7. Indian Monuments by N.S. Ramaswami,Abhinav Publications, 1971; p.115
  8. Jews and India: Perceptions and Image by Yulia Egorova, Routlege, 2008; p. 119
  9. Jainism in South India by P.M. Joseph, International School of Dravidian Linguistics, 1997; p.59
  10. Explaining Monetary and Financial Innovation by Peter Bernholz and Roland Vaubel, 2014, Springer; p.72
  11. Mongolia-India Relations by O. Nyamdavaa, Pentagon Press, 2003; p.5
  12. The Foundations of Living Faiths: An Introduction to Comparative Religion, Volume 1, by H. Bhattacharya, Motilal Banarsidas Publishers, New Delhi, 1994 p. 25

External links