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China Eastern Airlines

China Eastern Airlines
Zhōngguó Dōngfāng Hángkōng Gōngsī

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Founded 25 June 1988
Secondary hubs
  • Xi'an Xianyang International Airport
  • Kunming Changshui International Airport
  • Focus cities
    Frequent-flyer program Eastern Miles
    Alliance SkyTeam
    Fleet size 387</td></tr>
    Destinations 217</td></tr>
    Company slogan Traveling the globe, making dreams come true</td></tr>
    Headquarters Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport
    Shanghai, China</td></tr>
    Key people

    Liu Shaoyong (Chairman) Dong Haoqiang (COO)
    Lou Feijiang (Assistant COO)
    Ma Pingqiong (CFO)
    Luo Kelin (Assistant CFO)

    Hawei Dawei (Logistics Officer)</td></tr>
    Revenue 11px CN¥85.25 billion (2012)[1]</td></tr>
    Operating income 11px CN¥4.228 billion (2012)[1]</td></tr>
    Net income 11px CN¥2.808 billion (2012)[1]</td></tr>
    Total assets 11px CN¥123.82 billion (2012)[1]</td></tr>
    Total equity 11px CN¥22.93 billion (2012)[1]</td></tr>
    Employees 68,874 (March, 2015)</td></tr>

    China Eastern Airlines Corporation Limited (simplified Chinese: 中国东方航空公司; traditional Chinese: 中國東方航空公司, colloquially known as 东航/東航, SSE: 600115 SEHK0670 NYSECEA) is an airline headquartered in the China Eastern Airlines Building,[2] on the grounds of Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport in Changning District, Shanghai, China.[3] It is a major Chinese airline operating international, domestic and regional routes. Its main hubs are at Shanghai Pudong International Airport and Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport,[4] with secondary hubs at Kunming Changshui International Airport and Xi'an Xianyang International Airport. China Eastern Airlines is China's second-largest carrier by passenger numbers. China Eastern and its subsidiary Shanghai Airlines became the 14th member of SkyTeam on 21 June 2011.[5]

    In 2014, China Eastern Airlines carried 83.08 million domestic and international passengers with an average load factor of 73%.[6]

    History and development

    File:China Eastern logo.svg
    The old logo of China Eastern Airlines.
    China Eastern Airlines A320-200

    China Eastern Airlines was established on 25 June 1988 under the CAAC Huadong Administration. In 1997, China Eastern took over unprofitable China General Aviation and also became the country's first airline to offer shares on the international market. In 1998 it founded China Cargo Airlines in a joint venture with COSCO. In March 2001, it completed the takeover of Great Wall Airlines.[4] China Yunnan Airlines and China Northwest Airlines merged into China Eastern Airlines in 2003.

    The Chinese government has a majority ownership stake in China Eastern Airlines (61.64%), while some shares are publicly held (H shares, 32.19%); A shares, 6.17%. On 20 April 2006 the media broke the news of a possible sale of up to 20% of its stake to foreign investors, including Singapore Airlines, Emirates and Japan Airlines, with Singapore Airlines confirming that negotiations were underway.[7][8]

    After receiving approval from the State Council of China, it was announced that on 2 September 2007 Singapore Airlines and Temasek Holdings (holding company which owns 55% of Singapore Airlines) would jointly acquire shares of China Eastern Airlines.[9][10] On 9 November 2007 investors signed a final agreement to buy a combined 24% stake in China Eastern Airlines: Singapore Airlines would own 15.73% and Temasek Holdings an 8.27% stake in the airline.[11] Singapore Airlines' pending entry into the Chinese market prompted the Hong Kong carrier Cathay Pacific to attempt to block the deal by buying a significant stake in China Eastern and voting down the deal together with Air China (which already held an 11% stake in China Eastern) at the shareholders' meeting in December 2007.[12][13] However, on 24 September Cathay Pacific announced that it had abandoned these plans.[14]

    Air China's parent company, state-owned China National Aviation Corporation, announced in January 2008 that it would offer 32% more than Singapore Airlines for the 24% stake in China Eastern, potentially complicating the deal that Singapore Airlines and Temasek had proposed.[15] However, minority shareholders declined the offer made by Singapore Airlines. It is thought that this was due to the massive effort made by Air China to buy the 24% stake.[16]

    On 11 June 2009 it was announced that China Eastern Airlines would merge with Shanghai Airlines.[17] The merger of China Eastern and Shanghai Airlines was expected to reduce excess competition between the two Shanghai-based carriers while consolidating Shanghai's status as an international aviation hub. In February 2010 the merger was completed. Shanghai Airlines became a wholly owned subsidiary of China Eastern Airlines. However, Shanghai Airlines retained its brand and livery. The new combined airline was expected to have over half of the market share in Shanghai, the financial hub of China.

    In March 2012 it was announced that China Eastern was forging a strategic alliance with the Qantas Group to set up Jetstar Hong Kong, a new low cost airline to be based at Hong Kong International Airport, which would commence operations in 2013.[18] China Eastern would hold a 50% stake in the new airline, with the Qantas Group holding the other 50%, representing a total investment of US$198 million.[19]

    In April 2013, China Eastern got a temporary permit to operate in the Philippines, but the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines required them to obtain a technical permit and an airport slot.[20][21]

    In 2012, China Eastern was awarded the “Golden Ting Award” at the China Capital Market Annual Conference 2012, recognizing it as one of the 50 most valuable Chinese brands by WPP and ranking in the top ten of FORTUNE China's CSR Ranking 2013.

    On September 9, 2014, China Eastern was introduced the new logo and new livery.[22]

    The airline announced a 25% fall in earnings for 2014 from their net profit of 2.38bn Chinese Yuan in 2013. It commented that tougher competition from low-cost airlines and a newly launched high-speed rail network is affecting profitability.[23]


    China Eastern Airlines has a strong presence on routes in Asia, North America and Australia. The airline looks to exploit the domestic market potential as it boosts flight frequencies from Shanghai to other Chinese cities. The airline is also accelerating the pace of international expansion by increasing flight frequencies to international destinations. In 2007 it began operations to New York from Shanghai, making it the longest non-stop route for the airline. On 22 November China Eastern Airlines started twice-weekly seasonal flights on the Shanghai–Brisbane route but these flights didn't continue during 2010/11. Instead, the carrier operated charters to Cairns. On 9 August 2011, China Eastern started services to Honolulu from Shanghai, which marked the first ever direct service between mainland China and Hawaii.[24]

    File:China Eastern Airlines Destinations.svg
    Countries with destinations of China Eastern Airlines (including seasonal and future destinations).
      China Eastern Airlines Destinations

    Codeshare agreements

    As of January 2013, beside SkyTeam members, China Eastern Airlines has codeshare agreements with the following airlines:


    China Eastern Airlines was the first Chinese carrier to place an order with Airbus. The backbone of the fleet is the A320 series, which are used primarily on domestic flights.

    In 2005, China Eastern Airlines placed an order for 15 Boeing 787 Dreamliners. The airline subsequently cancelled its order owing to continuous delays, instead ordering Boeing 737 Next Generation aircraft.[30] On 18 October 2011, China Eastern Airlines placed an order for 15 Airbus A330.[31][32]

    On 27 April 2012, China Eastern Airlines ordered 20 Boeing 777-300ERs from Boeing pending government approval. Some of these aircraft will replace its fleet of five Airbus A340-600s, which will be phased out by 2015.[33] The airline received its first Boeing 777-300ER aircraft on 26 September 2014.

    As of May 2015, China Eastern Airlines's fleet includes the following aircraft:[34][35][36][37]

    China Eastern Airlines Passenger Fleet
    Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Notes
    P J Y Total
    Airbus A319-100 31 3 8 114 122
    Airbus A320-200 155 75 8 150 158 Largest operator of A320 Deliveries until 2017
    Airbus A320neo 70 TBA
    Airbus A321-200 16 20 155 175
    10 12 166 178 Ordered by Shanghai Airlines
    14 12 170 182
    Airbus A330-200 5 24 240 264 '332'; with angled lie-flat business class in 2-2-2 arrangement
    14 30 204 234 '33E'; with lie-flat business class in 2-2-2 arrangement
    8 3 30 202 212 '33H'; with lie-flat business class in 1-2-1 arrangement
    Airbus A330-300 14 38 262 300
    Airbus A340-600 2 8 42 272 322 To be phased out by 2015.[38]
    Boeing 737-300 16 8 126 134 To be replaced by A320 family and 737 NG
    8 130 138
    Boeing 737-700 48 8 126 134
    140 140
    Boeing 737-800 47 23 8 162 170
    12 150 162
    Boeing 777-300ER 5 15 6 52 258 316 Replacing A340-600, first aircraft delivered on 26 September 2014 [39]
    Comac C919 20 TBA
    Total 387 209

    Livery Gallery

    Eastern Miles

    Eastern Miles logo

    China Eastern Airlines's frequent-flyer program is called Eastern Miles (simplified Chinese: 东方万里行; traditional Chinese: 東方萬里行). Shanghai Airlines, China Eastern's subsidiary, is also part of the program. Enrollment is free of charge. Eastern Miles members can earn miles on flights as well as through consumption with China Eastern's credit card. When enough miles are collected, members can be upgraded to VIP. VIP membership of Eastern Miles can be divided into two tiers: Golden Card membership and Silver Card membership. VIP membership can enjoy extra privileged services.[40]

    Eastern Miles VIP Membership Tiers
    Tier Level Benefits Requirements
    • Priority seat reservation 48 hours before flight takeoff
    • Priority for waitlisting and class upgrade
    • First Class Lounge Access with a companion
    • Extra Luggage Allowance: Script error: No such module "convert". for domestic flights and Script error: No such module "convert". for international flights
    • Priority baggage handling with First Class tag
    • Usage of check-in formalities at First Class Counter with a companion

    80,000 Elite Points

    • Priority seat reservation 72 hours before flight takeoff
    • Priority for waitlisting and class upgrade
    • Business Class Lounge Access
    • Extra Luggage Allowance: Script error: No such module "convert". for domestic flights and Script error: No such module "convert". for international flights
    • Priority baggage handling with Business Class tag
    • Usage of check-in formalities at Business Class Counter

    40,000 Elite Points


    After the merger with Shanghai Airlines, China Eastern Airlines signaled that it would combine the two carriers' cargo subsidiaries as well. The airline's new subsidiary cargo carrier, consisting of the assets of China Cargo Airlines, Great Wall Airlines and Shanghai Airlines Cargo, commenced operations in 2011 from its base in Shanghai, China's largest air cargo market.[41] China Eastern Airlines signed a strategic co-operation framework agreement with Shanghai Airport Group, which controls both Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport and Shanghai Pudong International Airport. The airline will allocate more capacity to Pudong Airport to open more international routes and boost flight frequencies on existing international and domestic trunk routes.

    China Cargo Airlines

    Main article: China Cargo Airlines

    China Eastern Airlines's cargo subsidiary, China Cargo Airlines, is China's first all-cargo airline operating dedicated freight services using China Eastern Airlines' route structure. The cargo airline carries the same logo of China Eastern Airlines.

    Incidents and accidents

    In popular culture

    • A movie named "Crash Landing" was made by Shanghai Film Studio, based on the incident of China Eastern Flight 583. The airline name was eliminated, but the livery of the aircraft is recognizable.
    • China Eastern Airlines appears frequently on the Japanese air traffic control video game Air Traffic Controller.

    See also


    1. ^ a b c d e "Form 20-F China Eastern Airlines Corporation Limited". 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-13. 
    2. ^ "Exhibit B." p. 2. "2550 Hongqiao Road Hongqiao International Airport China Eastern Airlines Building" (Archive)
    3. ^ "China Eastern Airlines Corp. Ltd. (CEA)." Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved 2009-10-03.
    4. ^ a b "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 3 April 2007. p. 64. 
    5. ^ Cantle, Katie (23 June 2011). "China Eastern becomes 14th SkyTeam member". ATWOnline. Retrieved 2011-10-17. 
    6. ^ "China Eastern Airlines Co Ltd. – 2012 Annual Results Announcements" (PDF). 26 March 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-13. 
    7. ^ Shanghai Daily[dead link]
    8. ^ Channel News Asia[dead link]
    9. ^ SIA approved to buy into China Eastern Flight Global, 31 August 2007
    10. ^ "SIA, China Eastern Airlines announce strategic tie-up". Channel NewsAsia. 2 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-02. 
    11. ^ "Singapore Airlines, Temasek sign China Eastern deal". Channel NewsAsia. 9 November 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-09. 
    12. ^ "Cathay Pacific to try and block Singapore Airlines: report". Agence France-Presse (Channel NewsAsia). 22 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-22. 
    13. ^ "BBC 中文网 - 服务专区 - 纯文字页". BBC News. Retrieved 2012-04-28. 
    14. ^ Markets (24 September 2007). "Cathay Pacific abandons China Eastern plan". Retrieved 2012-04-28. 
    15. ^ Dyer, Geoff (6 January 2008). "/ Companies / Transport - Air China pursues China Eastern stake". Retrieved 2012-04-28. 
    16. ^ Anderlini, Jamil (8 January 2008). "Shareholders reject Singapore Air offer". Retrieved 2008-01-08. 
    17. ^ "China Eastern Airlines announces detailed merger plan with Shanghai Airlines". 12 July 2009. Retrieved 2012-04-28. 
    18. ^ "China Eastern Airlines and Qantas announce Jetstar Hong Kong". Jetstar Airways. 26 March 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-26. 
    19. ^ "Qantas creates Jetstar Hong Kong". Sky News Australia. 26 March 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-26. 
    20. ^ "China Eastern Airlines bags temporary permit - Civil Aeronautics Board :: Philippines". Retrieved 2013-07-05. 
    21. ^ "China Eastern Airlines bags temporary permit | BusinessWorld Online". 2013-04-17. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
    22. ^ 东方航空正式发布全新VI体系, China Eastern Airlines
    23. ^
    24. ^
    25. ^ "Etihad inks China Eastern codeshare - Transport". 2012-08-28. Retrieved 2013-07-05. 
    26. ^ "JAL and China Eastern Airlines Expand Codeshare" (Press release). Japan Airlines. 26 September 2011. Retrieved 2013-09-13. 
    27. ^ "Qantas Boosts China Eastern Code Share Doubling Mainland Flights". 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2013-09-13. 
    28. ^ "Virgin America Launches Codeshare Agreement With China Eastern". 2014-12-16. Retrieved 2015-01-29. 
    29. ^ "WestJet – Our code-share partners". Retrieved 2013-09-13. 
    30. ^ {{cite web|url= |title=China Eastern abandons 787 order for 737s | |date= |accessdate=2011-10-18} }
    31. ^ "China Eastern orders 15 A330s, drops five A340s". 5 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-18. 
    32. ^ "China Eastern orders 15 Airbus 330s". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 2011-10-18. 
    33. ^ Black, Thomas (24 April 2012). "China Eastern Air Said Close to Ordering 20 Boeing 777s". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2012-04-28. 
    34. ^ "China Eastern Airlines Fleet". Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
    35. ^ Flight International (13–19 August 2013): 43–58. August 2013.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
    36. ^ "Fleet Information - China Eastern Airlines". Retrieved 2013-09-27. 
    37. ^ 23 May 2014. "China Eastern Airlines Fleet in". Retrieved 2015-05-23. 
    38. ^ "China Eastern to purchase 777–300ER aircraft, to divest five A340-600s to Boeing | CAPA". Centre for Aviation. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
    39. ^ Shih, Kai-Chin. "China Eastern 777-300ER Interior". Talkairlines. Talkairlines. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
    40. ^ "Welcome to Eastern Miles". Retrieved 2012-04-28. 
    41. ^ Cantle, Katie (30 September 2010). "New China Eastern cargo carrier to launch Jan. 1 from Shanghai". Retrieved 2012-04-28. 
    42. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Antonov 24RV B-3417 Shanghai-Hongqiao Airport". 15 August 1989. Retrieved 2012-04-28. 
    43. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas MD-11 B-2173 Shanghai-Hongqiao Airport (SHA)". 11 September 1998. Retrieved 2012-04-28. 
    44. ^ Aviation Week & Space Technology Vol. 169 No. 16, 27 October 2008, "Rerouted", p. 18
    45. ^ Accident: China Eastern E145 at Shanghai on Jun 7th 2013, runway excursion, nose gear collapse. The Aviation Herald. 7 June 2013.

    External links

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