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Chiquitano language

Chiquitano
Besïro
Native to Santa Cruz, Bolivia; perhaps Brazil
Ethnicity 47,100 Chiquitano people (2004)[1]
Native speakers
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Language codes
ISO 639-3 cax
Glottolog chiq1248  (Chiquitano)[2]
sans1265  (Sansimoniano)[3]
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Chiquitano (also Bésiro or Tarapecosi) is an indigenous language isolate of eastern Bolivia, spoken in the central region of the Santa Cruz province.

Classification

Chiquitano is a language isolate. Greenberg linked it to the Macro-Jê languages in his discredited proposal, but this was never substantiated.

According to traditional sources, dialects were tao (yúnkarirsh), piñoco, penoqui, kusikia, manasi, san simoniano, churapa.

Phonology

Nasal assimilation

Chiquitano has regressive assimilation triggered by nasal nuclei / ɨ̃ ĩ ũ õ ã ẽ/ and targeting consonant onsets within a morpheme.

  • /suβũ/[suˈmũ] 'parrot (sp.)' [4]

Syllable structure

The language has CV, CVV, and CVC syllables. It does not allow complex onsets or codas. The only codas allowed are nasal consonants.

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Chiquitano at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Chiquitano". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Sansimoniano". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. Sans, Pierric (2011). "Proceedings of the VII Encontro Macro-Jê.Brasilia, Brazil". 
  • Fabre, Alain (2008-07-21). "Chiquitano" (PDF). Diccionario etnolingüístico y guía bibliográfica de los pueblos indígenas sudamericanos. Retrieved 2009-01-16. 


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