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|Islam in China|
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|Chinese Islamic cuisine|
Chuan, sometimes referred to as chuanr, (Chinese: 串儿, pinyin: chuàn ér; "kebab"; كاۋاپ kawap in Uyghur) are small pieces of meat roasted on skewers. Chuan originated in the Xinjiang province of China and in recent years has spread throughout the rest of the country, most notably in Beijing, Tianjin, and Jilin where it is a popular street food. It is a product of the Chinese Islamic cuisine of the Uyghur people and other Chinese Muslims.
Chuan are small pieces of meat on skewers roasted over charcoal or, sometimes, electric heat. It is sometimes also cooked by deep frying in oil (popular in Beijing). It can be classified as a type of kebab. Chuan was traditionally made from lamb (yáng ròu chuàn, 羊肉串, lamb meat chuan), which is still the most common, but now, chicken, pork, beef, and various types of seafood can also be used. Especially in touristy areas, chuan can be found made with various insects and bugs, birds, and other exotic animals. In general, chuan may be spiced according to preference, but generally cumin seed, dried pepper flakes, salt, and sesame or sesame oil are sprinkled or brushed onto it. Another popular incarnation is mantou or steamed bun chuan; it is commonly brushed with a sweet bean sauce (甜面酱, not to be confused with sweet red bean paste), and its taste serves as a foil to the often spicy meat chuan. It is commonly eaten with beer.
In Tianjin, chuan is often served with small round breads (馅饼, xiàn bǐng), also grilled with the same spices. Xiàn bǐng technically means "pie" or "filled bread" -- after cooking bread and meat, the bread is split open and chuan meat is put inside, then eaten together.
In 2013 it was reported that the Beijing authorities were destroying open air chuan barbecues in a bid to reduce pollution from small particles that can enter deep into the lungs. Hundreds of barbecues were reportedly confiscated over a three month period leading to ridicule from the local Beijing population.
- Goldberg, Lina (22 February 2013). "Asia's 10 greatest street food cities". CNN Travel. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
- "Beijing Destroys Barbecue Grills To Cut Air Pollution, Sparking Criticism Among Citizens".
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