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Citizen Holdings

Citizen Holdings Co., Ltd.
Native name
Shichizun Hōrudingusu Kabushiki-gaisha
Formerly called
Shokosha Watch Research Institute (before May 28, 1930)
Public (K.K.)
Traded as TYO: 7762
Nikkei 225 Component
Founded 1918; 102 years ago (1918)
Headquarters Nishitōkyō, Tokyo, Japan
Key people
Makoto Umehara (President)
Products Watches and parts, Information equipment and parts, Electronic equipment and parts, Industrial machinery and equipment, Jewelry

11px ¥252.5 billion

$2.72 billion (FY 2010)[1]
11px ¥7.2 billion
$77.7 million (FY 2010)[1]
#redirect Template:If affirmed 11px ¥3.5 billion
$37.9 million (FY 2010)[1]
Number of employees
18,459 (2013)
Slogan Better Starts Now

Citizen Holdings Co., Ltd. (シチズンホールディングス株式会社 Shichizun Hōrudingusu Kabushiki-gaisha?) is the core company of a Japanese global corporate group based in Tokyo, Japan. The company was originally founded as Shokosha Watch Research Institute in 1918 and is currently known as the manufacturer of Cincom precision lathe machine tools as well as Citizen watches. The trade name originated from a pocket watch Citizen sold in 1924. It is one of the world's largest producers of watches.

File:Citizen Attesa Eco-Drive ATV53-3023 02.JPG
Citizen Attesa Eco-Drive ATV53-3023 analog-digital chronograph with 3 area Radio Controlled reception (North America, Europe, Japan).


Eco-Drive watches use a battery recharged by a solar panel hidden under the watch face. In the rare and discontinued Eco-Drive Duo series, the solar power was supplemented by an automatic quartz power source. One early model, called the Citizen Vitality, used the watch hands to drive a small electric generator, but was discontinued following complaints that the device could explode and cause wrist damage. There was also an Eco-Drive Thermo model that exploited temperature differentials between the wearer's skin temperature and ambient temperature to recharge the battery. However, the only Eco-Drive system described on the Citizen Watch official web site is the one depending solely on light to recharge. Features similar to the Eco-Drive have been developed by other manufacturers like Casio and Junghans. All Citizen Eco-Drive movements are made in Japan but the case or the bracelet may also be made in China.

Atomic timekeeping

Skyhawk A-T line of watches features Radio Controlled Timekeeping. The watches can synchronize with radio clocks in Japan, North America, and Europe and will automatically select the correct frequency for doing so based upon location of home time zone. The watch actually tracks two time zones—home and world—but synchronizes to the 'home' zone. When traveling, the user may swap the 'home' and 'world' zones—thereby enabling proper time signal reception on a different continent while retaining the other time. The day, date, and Daylight Saving Time settings are also set automatically when the watch is synchronized. These features are comparable to the synchronization with atomic clocks found in Casio Wave Ceptor watches. The Perpetual Chrono A-T is another of Citizen's radio controlled watches. The watch syncs with the atomic clocks in Colorado or Germany depending on signal strength and location. It also incorporates the eco-drive technology which means it will never require a battery.[2]

Contemporary watches

Citizen also produces the Independent Watches line, featuring a more modern, contemporary design than the traditional Citizen label. Depending on the market, these watches may be labelled "Secret", "Lighthouse" brands among others.

Collector's watches

Citizen also manufactures watches for collectors, for example, a watch bearing the colors and logo of the Blue Angels. This watch is part of the Skyhawk A-T line, which utilizes Eco-Drive as its primary power source and features Atomic Timekeeping. The bezel of the watch includes a slide rule useful for calculating time, distance, speed, conversions, and other computations useful for pilots. The Blue Angels use blue and gold as their trademark colors and the watch bears this colour scheme. In the UK, a version of the same watch bears the colours and logo of the Red Arrows, the Royal Air Force's world-famous aerobatic display team, and in Brazil there is a version bearing the Força Aérea Brasileira's Esquadrilha da Fumaça military aerobatic team logo.

DCP clasp

The Deployment Clasp with a Push Button (DCP) is a clasp available for many Citizen watch bracelet bands. The clasp, as with the Calibre 8700, is also used with leather bands as if they were metal bracelet-style watchbands; however, when the clasp is fastened, the band appears to be a normal eye-hole and link pin leather watchband.

File:Citizen watch 21 jewels.jpg
citizen watch 21 jewels

Other products

Apart from watches, Citizen also manufactures calculators and small electronic organizers. Some non-watch devices such as handheld televisions and computer printers, have been marketed under the Citizen brand name.

In the 1980s, a number of handheld electronic games were sold under the Q&Q brand.

In the early-mid 1990s, Citizen partnered with Compaq Computer Corporation to build notebook computers in Japan for the Japan and Far Eastern market to be sold under the Compaq name.

Corporate divisions

  • Citizen Watch Co., Ltd. – manufacture and sale of watches and clocks.
  • Japan CBM Corporation – sales of timepieces, including the Q & Q brand.[3]
  • Citizen Systems Japan Co., Ltd. – sales of business and consumer electronic devices including calculators.
  • Citizen Miyota Co., Ltd. – production of wristwatches, quartz crystal oscillators, electronic viewfinders, LCD back-light units, CCD/CMOS image sensors, ferroelectric micro LCDs, LCoS, high-density mounting equipment.
  • Citizen Fine Tech Co., Ltd. – manufacture and sales of electronic components (ceramic parts, quartz crystal oscillator chips, etc.)
  • Citizen Seimitsu Co., Ltd. – manufactures watch movement components, watch appearance components, automotive components, LCD cells, mini printers, measuring instruments, lubrication units, secondary machining LC lathes, glass scribers.
  • Citizen Watch Company of America[4]
  • Bulova Watch Company, New York


See also


  1. ^ a b c "Annual Report FY2010" (PDF). Citizen Holdings. Retrieved 2010-10-26. 
  2. ^ "Perpetual Chrono A-T". Citizen Watch. Retrieved 28 April 2012. 
  3. ^ "Watches", JP: JCBM  Missing or empty |title= (help).
  4. ^ Citizen Watch Company of America .

External links

de:Citizen Watch