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Clapham Junction railway station

"Clapham Junction" redirects here. For other uses, see Clapham Junction (disambiguation).
Clapham Junction 12px 10px
265px
South West (Brighton Yard) entrance
Location of Clapham Junction in Greater London
Location Battersea
Local authority London Borough of Wandsworth
Managed by South West Trains
Owner Network Rail
Station code CLJ
DfT category B
Number of platforms 17
Accessible Yes [1]
Fare zone 2
Cycle parking Yes - external
Toilet facilities Yes - behind gateline
National Rail annual entry and exit
2007–08 11px 18.181 million[2]
2008–09 11px 17.508 million[2]
— interchange 11px 16.355 million[2]
2009–10 11px 17.758 million[2]
— interchange 11px 20.520 million[2]
2010–11 11px 19.671 million[2]
— interchange 11px 20.667 million[2]
2011–12 11px 21.918 million[2]
— interchange 11px 21.540 million[2]
2012–13 11px 23.623 million[2]
— interchange 11px 23.334 million[2]
2013–14 11px 25.287 million[2]
— interchange 11px 26.847 million[2]
Key dates
2 March 1863 Opened
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
  • Departures
  • Layout
  • Facilities
  • Buses
  • London Transport portal
    UK Railways portalCoordinates: 51°27′53″N 0°10′14″W / 51.4646°N 0.1705°W / 51.4646; -0.1705{{#coordinates:51.4646|-0.1705|type:railwaystation_region:GB|||||| |primary |name=

    }}

    Clapham Junction railway station (/ˈklæpəm/[3]) is a major railway station and transport hub near St John's Hill in the south-west of Battersea in the London Borough of Wandsworth. Although it is in Battersea, the area around the station is commonly identified as Clapham Junction.

    Routes from London's south and south-west termini, London Waterloo and London Victoria, funnel through the station making it one of the busiest in Europe[4] by number of trains using it, 100-180 per hour save for the five hours after midnight. The station is also the busiest UK station for interchanges between services.[5]

    History

    Before the railway came the area was rural and specialised in growing lavender; the street Lavender Hill is east of the station. The coach road from London to Guildford ran slightly south of the future station site, past The Falcon public house at the crossroads in the valley between St. John's Hill and Lavender Hill.

    On 21 May 1838 the London and Southampton Railway, which became the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) that day, opened its line from Nine Elms as far as Woking. That was the first railway through the area but it had no station at the present site.

    The second line, initially from Nine Elms to Richmond, opened on 27 July 1846. Nine Elms was replaced in 1848 as the terminus by Waterloo Bridge station, now Waterloo. The line to Victoria opened by 1860. Clapham Junction opened on 2 March 1863, a joint venture of the L&SWR, the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway (LB&SCR) and the West London Extension Railway (WLER) as an interchange station for their lines.[6]

    When the station was built much of Battersea was treated as and cast as a heavy industry district while Clapham a mile south-east of this point was fashionable. The railway companies, to attract a middle- and upper-class clientele, seized the unindustrial parish calculating being upon the slopes of Clapham's plateau would only re-inforce this distinction, leading to a long-lasting misunderstanding that the station is in Clapham. The railway companies were not alone in eschewing Battersea, from the 1880s until the 1950s the imposing private houses forming the streets of the district were commonly recorded by property-owning residents as 'Clapham Common N. Side, London' and 'Clapham Common W. Side, London' quite apart from those park-side streets.[7][8] An action group, Love Battersea, was formed in 2005 to reduce the use of unofficial Clapham-dropping into addresses and conversation and re-acquaint streets nearest to Battersea's amenties with its amenities, working with local businesses and Wandsworth Borough Council to attract more tourists and visitors to Clapham Junction's 'café culture' high street, Battersea's traditional and historic high street and grand riverside green space, Battersea Park which annually hosts international charity events and professional circus and theatrical productions.[9]

    Additional station buildings were erected in 1874 and 1876.

    Main article: Battersea § History

    Whereas the station brought wealthy streets to Battersea its adjoining (entirely modernised) manual railway works and the large Battersea Power Station brought slums and the population of which rose from 6,000 in 1840 to 168,000 by 1910. Battersea's slums unfit for human habitation were entirely replaced with council and charitable housing between 1918 and 1975.

    Discontinued proposals

    A £39.5 million planning application from Metro Shopping Fund was withdrawn before governmental planning committee consideration on 20 May 2009.[n 1]

    A 'Heathrow Airtrack' to reduce the 95 minute journey by tube and Gatwick Express to Gatwick and unite the Great Western Main Line with Heathrow, Gatwick and the South Western Main Line was cancelled in 2011 following improvements to the 2005-built Heathrow Connect track from Hayes and Harlington and practical impediments, such as pressure for continued high frequency services on the three deemed 'entrenched' semi-fast and slow services between Clapham Junction and Staines. Overground, the change would have been at Clapham Junction.[10]

    Incidents and accidents

    Clapham rail disaster

    On the morning of 12 December 1988 two collisions involving three commuter trains occurred slightly south-west of the station. Thirty-five people died and more than 100 were injured.

    The Junction

    The station is named Clapham Junction because it is at the junction of several rail lines. The name is not given to any rail junction near the station which, without end-on intercompany junctions, are:

    • Falcon Junction at the south end of the station, where the West London Line (WLL) joins the Brighton Slow Lines
    • Ludgate Junction at the eastern end of the Windsor Line platforms to the WLL
    • Latchmere SW Junction connecting the WLL to the Windsor lines at Ludgate Junction.
    • Latchmere Main Junction connecting the WLL to the Brighton Line at Falcon Junction.
    • West London Extension Junction and Junction for Waterloo, relaid for Eurostar empty stock moves from the Windsor Lines to the WLL.
    • Pouparts Junction where the low-level and high-level approaches to Victoria split.

    The station today

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    This page is a soft redirect. Railways around Clapham Junction
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    Each day about 2,000 trains, over half of them stopping, pass through the station, more than through any other station in Europe.[11] At peak times 180 trains per hour pass through of which 117 stop. It is not the busiest station by number of passengers, most of whom (about 430,000 on a weekday, of which 135,000 are at rush hours) pass through. Interchanges make some 40% of the activity and on that basis too it is the busiest station in the UK.[12]

    In 2011, the station had three entrances, all with staffed ticket offices, though only the south-east entrance is open 24 hours a day. The most heavily used of the three, this leads from St John's Hill via a small indoor shopping centre, into a subway some 15 ft (4.6 m) wide that connects to the eastern ends of all platforms.

    The north entrance, which has restricted opening hours, leads from Grant Road to the same subway. The subway is crowded during rush hours, with the ticket barriers at the ends being pinch points.

    The south-west entrance, also known as the Brighton Yard entrance, as the buildings still bear signage for the London Brighton and South Coast Railway, is of a more traditional appearance, with a Victorian station building set at the back of a large forecourt. This entrance leads to a very wide covered footbridge, which joins the western ends of all platforms. This entrance includes cycle parking and a taxi rank. It was re-opened in May 2011, as part of a wider programme of access improvements which included installing lifts to the platforms.[13]

    There are public and disabled toilets at the south-west entrance. There are refreshment kiosks in the subway, on the footbridge and on some platforms; and a small shopping centre, including a small branch of Sainsbury's supermarket, in the south-east entrance.

    British Transport Police maintain a neighbourhood policing presence,[14] whereas the Metropolitan Police Service and the part-Transport For London funded Safer Transport Command provides a police presence in the area outside the station.

    9 December 2012 saw the opening of a new platform for the East London Line, creating an orbital railway around inner London.[15]

    Overcrowding is most frequent in the often convenient but narrow cross-platform subway. Using this rather than the wide, elegant flying concourse for interchange, a visitors' eyes assessment of fabric and environment listed Clapham Junction in the most needy 10% of Department for Transport category B stations.

    Platforms

    The station has 17 platforms, 1 to 17. The original platform 1 (now 0) is disused, and platform 2 has been split into two (1 and 2). Platforms 1-6, the northern group, lie in a west-southwesterly direction; platforms 7-17, the southern group, in a southwesterly direction. Sidings leading into railway sheds at the west of the station separate the two groups.

    Station announcements

    Currently, the voices of Phil Sayer[16] and Celia Drummond[citation needed] are played at this station in automated station announcements.

    Services

    All South West Trains services from Waterloo and Southern and Gatwick Express trains from Victoria, pass through the station; the West London Line and East London Line services of London Overground has Clapham Junction as its one of its termini.

    Typical off-peak service of more than 120 trains an hour comprises:

    File:Clapham2001.jpg
    Clapham Junction in 2001.
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    towards Highbury & Islington

    Proposed Future Development

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    This page is a soft redirect.Battersea

    Future Proposals

    In 2007 the alignment of one of the two variants of Crossrail 2, that via the station rather than Putney and Wimbledon, was safeguarded. The Department for Transport and Transport for London continue to discuss proposal for a Clapham Junction Northern Line extension and its London Underground alignment has been legally reserved through Battersea Park.[19]

    Government and Network Rail funding for in the early 2010s of £50 million of improvements was granted.[20] This comprised an upgrade to the main interchange: new entrances and more retail.[21]

    Connections

    London Buses routes 35; 37; 39; 49; 77;[22] 87; 156;[23] 170; 219; 295; 319; 337; 344; 345; C3; G1,[22] school routes 639; 670[23] and night routes N19; N31; N35 and N87 serve the station.[22]

    Notes and references

    Notes

    1. ^ The 2009 Metro Shopping company plan included a new entrance on St John's Hill, straightened and extended platforms 15-17, more ticketing facilities, step-free access to all platforms by 2011, a new step-free entrance on Grant Road, and a new 'high street' from St John's Hill to Falcon Road with retail space and arthouse cinema. Profitable immediate funding was planned via radical height 42-storey residential buildings above the station.

    References

    1. ^ National Rail: Clapham Junction Accessed 7 August 2011
    2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation.  Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
    3. ^ Pronunciation given by Oxford Learners' Dictionaries
    4. ^ Great British Railway Journeys (Series 4, Episode 7): "Woking to Clapham Junction" BBC2, 15 January 2013
    5. ^ Office of Rail Regulation, Station Usage Estimates 2011-12
    6. ^ The west London Railway and the W.L.E.R, H.V.Borley & R.W.Kidner, 1981 reprint, The Oakwood Press, Usk Monmouthshire. ISBN 0-85361-174-2
    7. ^ Year's Art, published 1922, London, p. 500
    8. ^ Directory of British Architects, 1834-1914: Vol. 2 (L-Z) A. Brodie (ed), 2001, Continuum, London, p.12
    9. ^ Love Battersea
    10. ^ "Heathrow Airtrack Waterloo rail link shelved by BAA". BBC News London. 11 April 2011. Retrieved 29 December 2011. 
    11. ^ "Great British Railway Journeys (Series 4, Episode 7): Woking to Clapham Junction" BBC2, UK TV Channel, 15/01/13
    12. ^ Delta Rail, 2008-09 station usage report, Office of the Rail Regulation website
    13. ^ Route Plans 2007 - Route 3 - South West Mainline published by Network Rail, 2007 - See page 20
    14. ^ British Transport Police, London South Area
    15. ^ Outer London rail orbital opens for passengers
    16. ^ We are sorry to announce: Britain's most apologetic couple
    17. ^ Highbury & Islington to West Croydon/Clapham Junction timetable
    18. ^ Richmond/Clapham Junction to Stratford timetable
    19. ^ Clapham Junction next for Northern Line says London Assembly member Wandsworth Guardian
    20. ^ "£50m revamp for 'worst stations'". BBC News. 17 November 2009. Retrieved 17 November 2009. 
    21. ^ Chris Green & Sir Peter Hall, Better Rail Stations, November 2009
    22. ^ a b c Clapham Junction Station - Bus Station 1
    23. ^ a b Clapham Junction Station - Bus Station 2

    External links