The Place of JaudeThe Cathédrale Notre-Dame-de-l'Assomption of Clermont, The tramway Translohr; The Statue of VercingétorixThe Opera of Clermont-Ferrand.|
The Place of Jaude
The Cathédrale Notre-Dame-de-l'Assomption of Clermont, The tramway Translohr; The Statue of Vercingétorix
The Opera of Clermont-Ferrand.
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This page is a soft redirect. Climate data for Clermont Ferrand (1981-2010)
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This page is a soft redirect.Source #1: World Meteorological Organisation (UN)
The city's industry was for a long time linked to the French tyre manufacturer Michelin, which created the radial tyre and grew up from Clermont-Ferrand to become a worldwide leader in its industry. For most of the 20th century, it had extensive factories throughout the city, employing up to 30,000 workers. While the company has maintained its headquarters in the city, most of the manufacturing is now done in foreign countries. This downsizing took place gradually, allowing the city to court new investment in other industries, avoiding the fate of many post-industrial cities and keeping it a very wealthy and prosperous area home of many high-income executives.
The main railway station has connections to Paris and several regional destinations: Lyon, Saint-Étienne, Orléans, Bordeaux, Moulins, Le Puy-en-Velay, Limoges. The motorway A71 connects Clermont-Ferrand with Orléans and Bourges, the A72 with Saint-Étienne, the A75 with Montpellier and the A89 with Bordeaux. The airport offers mainly flights within France. There is a flight between Southampton and Clermont-Ferrand, operate by Flybe from May to October. Recently, Clermont-Ferrand was France's first city to get a new Translohr transit system, the Clermont-Ferrand Tramway, thereby linking the city's north and south neighbourhoods. The TGV will arrive in Auvergne after 2030. It will be one of the last regions to not have a TGV stop.
Education is also an important factor in the economy of Clermont-Ferrand. The Université Blaise Pascal and Université d'Auvergne are located there and have a total student population of over 40,000, along with university faculty and staff.
A division of Polytech (an engineering school) located in Clermont-Ferrand made the news because two of its students, Laurent Bonomo and Gabriel Ferez, were murdered in June 2008 while enrolled in a program at Imperial College in London in what was to be known as the New Cross double murder.
Clermont-Ferrand has two famous churches. One is Notre-Dame du Port, a Romanesque church which was built during the 11th and 12th centuries (the bell tower and was rebuilt during the 19th century). It was nominated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1998. The other is Clermont-Ferrand Cathedral (Cathédrale Notre-Dame-de-l'Assomption de Clermont-ferrand), built in Gothic style between the 13th and the 19th centuries.
Parks and gardens
- Jardin Lecoq
- Parc du Montjuzet
- Jardin botanique de la Charme
- Arboretum de Royat
- Jardin botanique d'Auvergne
Clermont-Ferrand was the home of mathematician and philosopher Blaise Pascal who tested Evangelista Torricelli's hypothesis concerning the influence of gas pressure on liquid equilibrium. This is the experiment where a vacuum is created in a mercury tube: Pascal's experiment had his brother-in-law carry a barometer to the top of the Puy-de-Dôme. The Université Blaise-Pascal (or Clermont-Ferrand II) is located primarily in the city and is named after him.
Clermont-Ferrand also hosts the Clermont-Ferrand International Short Film Festival, the world's first international short film festival which originated in 1979. This festival, which brings thousands of people every year (137.000 in 2008) to the city, is the second French film Festival after Cannes in term of visitors, but the first one regarding the number of spectators (in Cannes visitors are not allowed in theatres, only professionals). This festival has revealed many young talented directors now well known in France and internationally such as Mathieu Kassovitz, Cédric Klapisch and Éric Zonka.
Beside the short film festival, Clermont-Ferrand hosts more than twenty music, film, dance, theatre and video and digital art festivals every year. With more than 800 artistic groups from dance to music, Clermont-Ferrand and the Auvergne region's cultural life is important in France. One of the city's nicknames is "France's Liverpool". Groups such as The Elderberries or Cocoon were formed there.
Additionally, the city was the subject of the acclaimed documentary The Sorrow and the Pity, which used Clermont-Ferrand as the basis of the film, which told the story of France under Nazi occupation and the Vichy regime of Marshal Pétain. Pierre Laval, Pétain's "handman" was an Auvergnat.
A racing circuit, the Charade Circuit, close to the city, using closed-off public roads held the French Grand Prix in 1965, 1969, 1970 and 1972. It was a daunting circuit, with such harsh elevation changes that caused some drivers to be ill as they drove. Winners included Jim Clark, Jackie Stewart (twice), and Jochen Rindt.
The city is also host to a rugby union club competing at international level, ASM Clermont Auvergne, as well as Clermont Foot Auvergne, a football club that has competed in France's second division, Ligue 2, since the 2007–08 season.
People born in Clermont-Ferrand
- Avitus (c. 385 – after 17 October 456 or in 457), Western Roman Emperor from 8 or 9 July 455 to 17 October 456,
- Fadela Amara 25 April 1964), Politician
- Vincent Ce Ougna, footballer
- Pierre Bourdeau (1640)
- Nicolas Chamfort (6 April 1741 – 13 April 1794), writer
- Étienne Clémentel (29 March 1864 – 25 December 1936), politician
- Jacques Delille (22 June 1738 – 1 May 1813), poet
- Patrick Depailler (9 August 1944 – 1 August 1980), Formula One driver
- Lolo Ferrari (9 February 1963 – 5 March 2000), French dancer
- Annelise Hesme (11 May 1976 – ), actress
- Antoine de L'Hoyer (1768–1852), composer, guitarist, soldier
- Bernard Loiseau (13 January 1951 – 24 February 2003), celebrity chef
- Jordan Loties footballer
- André Michelin (1853–1931) and Édouard Michelin (1859–1940) creators of the group Michelin (tire) whose global headquarters is still located in Clermont-Ferrand
- Darline Nsoki, basketball player
- Victor Pachon (1867–1938), physiologist
- Blaise Pascal (19 June 1623 – 19 August 1662), mathematician, physicist, and religious philosopher
- Jacqueline Pascal (4 October 1625 – 4 October 1661), the sister of Blaise Pascal
- George Onslow (27 July 1784 – 3 October 1853) composer
- Aurélien Rougerie, (24 September 1980 – ) rugby union player, member of the French national team
- François-Bernard Mâche (4 April 1935 – ) composer
- Audrey Tautou (9 August 1976/1978 – ) actress
- Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (1 May 1881 – 10 April 1955) Jesuit priest, paleontologist, philosopher
- Dominique Perrault (1953 – ), architect
- Felix Duchampt (5 September 1989 – ), international triathlete
- Laure Boulleau (22 October 1986 - ), football player, member of French national team
- Clement Broca, Rugby player
- Gabriella Papadakis (10 May 1995), ice dance World and European champion.
People who have lived in Clermont-Ferrand
- Sidonius Apollinaris (c. 430 – after 489) Gallo-Roman poet, diplomat and bishop
- Henri Bergson (18 October 1859 – 4 January 1941), philosopher
- Paul Bourget (2 September 1852 – 25 December 1935), novelist and critic
- Anton Docher (1852–1928) "The Padre of Isleta", a Roman Catholic priest, missionary and defender of the Indians lived in the pueblo of Isleta in the state of New Mexico for 34 years.
- Valéry Giscard d'Estaing (2 February 1927 – ... ), who has lived in the city of Chamalières, part of Clermont-Ferrand's metropolitan area, President of the Republic of France from 1974 to 1981
- Claude Lanzmann (1925-...), Film maker. Attended the Lycée Blaise-Pascal.
- Alexandre Vialatte (1901–1971), writer and journalist
Twin towns – sister cities
- Communes of the Puy-de-Dôme department
- Jaude Centre
- List of works by Auguste Carli
- Clermont-Ferrand Tramway
- Place de Jaude
- INSEE commune file
- Sweets, John F. (1986). Choices in Vichy France : The French under Nazi Occupation. New York.
- "Decree 2014-210/Décret 2014-210 du 21 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département du Puy-de-Dôme". Légifrance (in French). 21 February 2014.
- "2012 Census Population for Clermont-Ferrand". INSEE (in French).
- "History - Ville de Clermont-Ferrand" (in français). Clermont-ferrand.fr. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
- Encyclopaedia Judaica. Cengage Learning.
France, column 9, In 576 Bishop *Avitus of Clermont-Ferrand offered the Jews of his town (who numbered over 500) to alternative of baptism or expulsion.as quoted by Palomino, Michael. "Encyclopaedia Judaica: Jews in France 01: Roman times and Carolingians". History in Chronology. geschichteinchronologie.ch.
- "World Weather Information Service – Clermont Ferrand". United Nations. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
- "Météo France – Clermont Ferrand". Météo France. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
- Fresco, Adam; Yeoman, Fran; Leroux, Marcus (4 July 2008). "Police baffled by horrific end of Laurent Bonomo and Gabriel Ferez". The Times (UK). Retrieved 5 May 2009.
- "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26.
- "Twinning". Aberdeen City Council. Retrieved 2 March 2008.
- "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 2013-07-11.
- Salford City Council. "Salford's twin towns". Salford.gov.uk. Retrieved 4 May 2008.
- "Sister Cities". City of Norman. Retrieved 2012-01-07.
- Uzaklar Yakinlaşti - Sivas Twin TownsInvalid language code.
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clermont-Ferrand.|
- Invalid language code. Official Parc Naturel des Volcans d'Auvergne homepage
- Invalid language code. Official Parc Naturel Regional Livradois-Forez homepage
- Invalid language code. Official Clermont-Ferrand town homepage
- Invalid language code. Official Clermont-Ferrand tourism services webpage
- Invalid language code. Clermont-Ferrand film festival
- Invalid language code. Unofficial Clermont-Ferrand website
- Joan of Arc's Letter to Clermont-Ferrand – Translation by Allen Williamson of an entry concerning Joan of Arc's letter to this city on 7 November 1429.
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