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Open Access Articles- Top Results for Close-mid back unrounded vowel

Close-mid back unrounded vowel

Close-mid back unrounded vowel
Template:Infobox IPA/format numbers
IPA number 315
Encoding
Entity (decimal) Template:Infobox IPA/format numbers
Unicode (hex) Template:Infobox IPA/format numbers
X-SAMPA 7
Kirshenbaum o-
Braille 25px25px
Template:Infobox IPA/format numbers

The close-mid back unrounded vowel, or high-mid back unrounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. Its symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet is ɤ, called "ram's horns". It is distinct from the symbol for the voiced velar fricative, ɣ, which has a descender.

The IPA prefers terms "close" and "open" for vowels, and the name of the article follows this. However, a large number of linguists,[who?] perhaps a majority, prefer the terms "high" and "low".[citation needed]

Before the 1989 IPA Convention, the symbol for the close-mid back unrounded vowel was 12px, sometimes called "baby gamma", which has a flat top. The symbol was revised to be 12px, "ram's horns", with a rounded top, in order to differentiate it from the Latin gamma ɣ.[1] Unicode provides only Template:Unichar, but in some fonts this character may appear as a "baby gamma" instead.

Features

IPA vowel chart
Front Near-​front Central Near-​back Back
Close
320px
iy
ɨʉ
ɯu
ɪʏ
eø
ɘɵ
ɤo
ɛœ
ɜɞ
ʌɔ
æ
aɶ
ɑɒ
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Paired vowels are: unrounded • rounded
This table contains phonetic symbols, which may not display correctly in some browsers. [Help]

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Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Alekano gamó [ɣɑmɤʔ] 'cucumber'
Chinese Mandarin hē About this sound [xɤ˥]  'to drink' See Mandarin phonology
Taiwanese Hokkien ô [ɤ˧] 'oyster' Mostly southern Taiwanese speech.
English Received Pronunciation[2] long ago [lɒŋ ɤ̟ˈɡəʊ̯] 'long ago' Near-back. Allophone of /ə/ between velar consonants.[2] See English phonology
Irish Uladh [ɤlˠu] 'Ulster' See Irish phonology
Korean Gyeongsang dialect 거기 geogi [ˈkɤ̘ɡɪ] 'there' See Korean phonology
Önge önge [ˈɤŋe] 'man'
Scottish Gaelic doirbh [d̪̊ɤrʲɤv] 'difficult' See Scottish Gaelic phonology
Sundanese ieu [iɤ] 'this'
Thai[3] ธอ thoe [tʰɤ̟ː] 'you' Near-back.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ Nicholas, Nick (2003). "Greek-derived IPA symbols". Greek Unicode Issues. University of California, Irvine. 
  2. ^ a b Cruttenden (2014), p. 138.
  3. ^ a b Tingsabadh & Abramson (1993), p. 25.

Bibliography

  • Cruttenden, Alan, ed. (2014), Gimson's Pronunciation of English (8th ed.), Routledge, ISBN 9781444183092 
  • Tingsabadh, M. R. Kalaya; Abramson, Arthur S. (1993), "Thai", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 23 (1): 24–28, doi:10.1017/S0025100300004746 
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