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Cocos Island (Guam)

For other uses, see Coconut Island (disambiguation).

Not to be confused with Isla del Coco or Cocos Keeling Islands.
File:Cocos Lagoon.png
NOAA nautical chart of Cocos Lagoon,
with Cocos Island in the southwest (lower left)

Cocos Island (Chamorro: Islan Dåno) is an island Script error: No such module "convert". off the southern tip of the United States territory of Guam, located within the Merizo Barrier Reef, part of the municipality of Merizo. The island is uninhabited, Script error: No such module "convert". long in a southwest-northeast direction, between Script error: No such module "convert". and Script error: No such module "convert". wide, and has an area of Script error: No such module "convert"..[1] It sits atop the southwestern coral reef rim of Cocos Lagoon.

The west coast of the island is a day resort with a pool, volleyball court, cafe, ice cream parlor, restaurant and bar, and water sports equipment rentals. Visitors to the resort can snorkel, dive, kayak, dolphin watch, parasail, jet ski and bike. The east side is public land part of the Territorial Park System. Ferries run to Merizo, Guam.

A Coast Guard long-range navigation station operated on Cocos Island from 1944-1963.

Military tests on soil from Cocos Island in late 2005 showed levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) contamination 4,900 times higher than the federally recommended level. Tests on twelve species of fish in the lagoon showed all but one of those species had high levels of PCBs. One had 265 times the acceptable level. The contamination most likely originated from transformers and other electrical equipment at the Coast Guard station,[citation needed] but was not tested for earlier.

Officials from the Guam Environmental Protection Agency, Guam Department of Public Health and Social Services, and the Coast Guard announced their findings on 20 February 2006 and warned people not to eat fish caught in the lagoon.[citation needed]

Cocos Island is one of the few locations to have had the endangered Guam rail reintroduced to it.[2]

See also

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Coordinates: 13°14′10″N 144°38′56″E / 13.23611°N 144.64889°E / 13.23611; 144.64889{{#coordinates:13|14|10|N|144|38|56|E|type:isle_region:US-GU |primary |name= }}

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