Colitis - Related Links
Open Access Articles- Top Results for Colitis
Journal of Thyroid Disorders & TherapyAutoimmune Thyroid Diseases Concomitant with Crohns Disease and Ulcerative Colitis
Journal of Clinical ToxicologyUnforeseen Pseudotumoral Colitis in Deceased Donor with Carbon Monoxide Intoxication
Journal of Pregnancy and Child HealthSerious Influence of Yersinia Enterocolitis on Pregnancy in a Woman Complicated With Chronic Hypertension and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Case Re
Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive SystemTreatment of Ulcerative Colitis Patients by Local Application of the Toll like Receptor-9 Agonist DIMS0150
Interdisciplinary Journal of MicroinflammationMicroscopic Colitis: An Overview
|File:Cryptitis high mag.jpg|
|Classification and external resources|
|ICD-10||K50 - K52|
In a medical context, the label colitis (without qualification) is used if:
- The aetiology of the inflammation in the colon is undetermined; for example, colitis may be applied to Crohn's disease at a time when the diagnosis is unknown, or
- The context is clear; for example, an individual with ulcerative colitis is talking about their disease with a physician who knows the diagnosis.
Signs and symptoms
Also, colitis may lead to intestinal infection, which in turn would lead to gangrenous tissue if not treated.
Some patients may be admitted into the hospital following the colonoscopy depending on results. It is sometimes necessary to get the patient started on a steroid to speed up the healing of the colon. It may also be necessary to get the patient hydrated from the fluid loss and iron replaced from the loss of blood. Beyond a hospital stay, the patient will be put on a daily medication which they will continuously take since this is a chronic yet manageable condition. The medication can be an anti-inflammatory or an immunosuppressant. There are many different types of medication used and the doctor will prescribe the one they see fit. If the patient doesn't respond, new medications will be tried until there is a good fit. Moreover, several studies recently have found significant relationship between colitis and dairy allergy (including: cow milk, cow milk UHT and casein)     suggesting some patients may benefit of an elimination diet.
Symptoms suggestive of colitis are worked-up by obtaining the medical history, a physical examination and laboratory tests (CBC, electrolytes, stool culture and sensitivity, stool ova and parasites et cetera). Additional tests may include medical imaging (e.g. abdominal computed tomography, abdominal X-rays) and an examination with a camera inserted into the rectum (sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy).
There are many types of colitis. They are usually classified by the etiology.
Types of colitis include:
- Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) - a group of chronic colitides. Main article: Inflammatory bowel disease
- Ulcerative colitis - a chronic colitis that affects the large intestine. Main article: Ulcerative colitis
- Ulcerative colitis - a chronic colitis that affects the large intestine.
- Microscopic colitis - a colitis is diagnosed by microscopic examination of colonic tissue; macroscopically it is normal appearing. Main article: Microscopic colitis
- Ischemic colitis.Main article: Ischemic colitis
- Infectious colitis.
A well-known subtype of infectious colitis is Clostridium difficile colitis, which is informally abbreviated as "c diff colitis". It classically forms pseudomembranes and is often referred to as pseudomembranous colitis, which is its (non-specific) histomorphologic description.
Enterohemorrhagic colitis may be caused by Shiga toxin in Shigella dysenteriae or Shigatoxigenic group of Escherichia coli (STEC), which includes serotype O157:H7 and other enterohemorrhagic E. coli.
Parasitic infections, like those caused by Entamoeba histolytica, can also cause colitis.
Indeterminate colitis is the classification for colitis that has features of both Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Indeterminate colitis' behaviour is usually closer to ulcerative colitis than Crohn's disease.
Atypical colitis is a phrase that is occasionally used by physicians for a colitis that does not conform to criteria for accepted types of colitis. It is not an accepted diagnosis per se and, as such, a colitis that cannot be definitively classified.
- Tresca, Amber J. (March 4, 2014). "Inflammatory Bowel Disease - What Can Cause Mucus in the Stool?". About.com. Retrieved 2014-02-06.
- Yang M et al. (2015). "Effectiveness of dietary allergen exclusion therapy on eosinophilic colitis in chinese infants and young children ≤ 3 years of age.". Nutrients 7 (3): 1817–1827. PMID 25768952. doi:10.3390/nu7031817.
- Lucendo A et al. (2015). "Systematic Review: The Efficacy of Dietary Treatment for Inducing Disease Remission in Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis.". J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. PMID 25699593. doi:10.1097/MPG.0000000000000766.
- Judaki A et al. (2014). "Evaluation of dairy allergy among ulcerative colitis patients.". Bioinformation. PMID 25512686. doi:10.6026/97320630010693.
- Sun J et al. (2015). "Association of lymphocytic colitis and lactase deficiency in pediatric population.". Pathol Res Pract 211 (2): 138–144. PMID 25523228. doi:10.1016/j.prp.2014.11.009.
- "Clostridium Difficile Colitis - Overview". WebMD, LLC. Retrieved 2006-09-15.
- Beutin L (2006). "Emerging enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli, causes and effects of the rise of a human pathogen". J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health 53 (7): 299–305. PMID 16930272. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0450.2006.00968.x.
- Romano, C.; Famiani, A.; Gallizzi, R.; Comito, D.; Ferrau', V.; Rossi, P. (Dec 2008). "Indeterminate colitis: a distinctive clinical pattern of inflammatory bowel disease in children.". Pediatrics 122 (6): e1278–81. PMID 19047226. doi:10.1542/peds.2008-2306.
- Melton, GB.; Kiran, RP.; Fazio, VW.; He, J.; Shen, B.; Goldblum, JR.; Achkar, JP.; Lavery, IC.; Remzi, FH. (Jul 2009). "Do preoperative factors predict subsequent diagnosis of Crohn's disease after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative or indeterminate colitis?". Colorectal Dis 12 (10): 1026–32. PMID 19624520. doi:10.1111/j.1463-1318.2009.02014.x.
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Colitis.|
Lua error in Module:Authority_control at line 346: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).