Open Access Articles- Top Results for Commerce
The Journal of Internet Banking and CommerceUser Intentions to Adopt Mobile Payment Services: A Study of Early Adopters in Thailand
The Journal of Internet Banking and CommerceStrategic Approach to Build Customers Trust in Adoption of Internet Banking in Nigeria
The Journal of Internet Banking and CommerceWhat Makes Users Buy Paid Smartphone Applications? Examining App, Personal, and Social Influences
The Journal of Internet Banking and CommercePerceptions of UK Based Customers toward Internet Banking in the United Kingdom
The Journal of Internet Banking and CommerceConsumers Intention to Use a Single Platform E-Payment System: A Study Among Malaysian Internet and Mobile Banking Users
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2007)|
Commerce is the activity of buying and selling, especially on a large scale. The system includes legal, economic, political, social, cultural and technological systems that are in operation in any country or internationally. Thus, commerce is a system or an environment that affects the business prospects of economies.[not verified in body] It can also be defined as a component of business which includes all activities, functions and institutions involved in transferring goods from producers to consumers.
|40x40px||Look up commerce in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
Some commentators trace the origins of commerce to the very start of communication in prehistoric times. Apart from traditional self-sufficiency, trading became a principal facility of prehistoric people, who bartered what they had for goods and services from each other. Historian Peter Watson dates the history of long-distance commerce from circa 150,000 years ago.
In historic times, the introduction of currency as a standardized money, facilitated a wider exchange of goods and services. Numismatists have collections of these monetary tokens, which include coins from some Ancient World large-scale societies, although initial usage involved unmarked lumps of precious metal.
The circulation of a standardized currency provides a method of overcoming the major disadvantage to commerce through use of a barter system, the "double coincidence of wants" necessary for barter trades to occur. For example, if a man (or woman) who makes pots for a living needs a new house, he/she may wish to hire someone to build it for him/her. But he/she cannot make an equivalent number of pots to equal this service done for him/her, because even if the builder could build the house, the builder might not want many or any pots. Currency solved this problem by allowing a society as a whole to assign values and thus to collect goods and services effectively and to store them for later use, or to split them among several providers.
Today[update] commerce includes as a subset a complex system of companies which try to maximize their profits by offering products and services to the market (which consists both of individuals and other companies) at the lowest production cost. A system of international trade has helped to develop the world economy but, in combination with bilateral or multilateral agreements to lower tariffs or to achieve free trade, has sometimes harmed third-world markets for local products, it has been argued.[by whom?] (See Globalization.)
- Hans Biedermann, James Hulbert (trans.), Dictionary of Symbolism - Cultural Icons and the Meanings behind Them, p. 54.
- Watson, Peter (2005). Ideas : A History of Thought and Invention from Fire to Freud. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-621064-X. Introduction......./
- Gold served especially commonly as a form of early money, as described in "Origins of Money and of Banking" Davies, Glyn (2002). Ideas: A history of money from ancient times to the present day. University of Wales Press. ISBN 0-7083-1717-0.
- Bachelor of Commerce
- Commercial law
- Distribution (business)
- Eco commerce
- Electronic commerce
- Services Commerce
- Mass production
- Master of Commerce
Lua error in Module:Authority_control at line 346: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).