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Comparison of Chinese romanization systems

Below is a sortable table of Chinese syllables, much of it adapted from, which compares several of the different romanizations of Standard Chinese. This table includes a list of all syllables which are considered phonemically distinguishable within the language, as they are appear according to various transcription schemes.

Note that the native Chinese Zhuyin system has been included. While not being a form of the Latin alphabet, it still fundamentally operates very much like the various romanization schemes in how it transcribes the sounds of modern Chinese. Also note that Gwoyeu Romatzyh has a different spelling for each tone—this follows the spelling conventions of modifying the syllable's letters in order to indicate tone. The other systems formally indicate tone using a set of either diacritics or superscript numbers, all without altering the basic spelling of the syllable. As such, while tone is always expressed in Gwoyeu Romatzyh, in the other systems, syllables can be spelled without necessarily indicating tone.

Zhuyin Wade-
MPS II Yale Tong-
Gwoyeu Romatzyh IPA
Tone 1 Tone 2 Tone 3 Tone 4
a a a a a a ar aa ah a
ai ai ai ai ai ai air ae ay
an an an an an an arn aan ann an
ang ang ang ang ang ang arng aang anq ɑŋ
ao au au ao ao au aur ao aw ɑʊ
ㄓㄚ cha ja ja jha zha ja jar jaa jah ʈʂa
ㄔㄚ ch'a cha cha cha cha cha char chaa chah ʈʂʰa
ㄓㄞ chai jai jai jhai zhai jai jair jae jay ʈʂaɪ
ㄔㄞ ch'ai chai chai chai chai chai chair chae chay ʈʂʰaɪ
ㄓㄢ chan jan jan jhan zhan jan jarn jaan jann ʈʂan
ㄔㄢ ch'an chan chan chan chan chan charn chaan chann ʈʂʰan
ㄓㄤ chang jang jang jhang zhang jang jarng jaang janq ʈʂɑŋ
ㄔㄤ ch'ang chang chang chang chang chang charng chaang chanq ʈʂʰɑŋ
ㄓㄠ chao jau jau jhao zhao jau jaur jao jaw ʈʂɑʊ
ㄔㄠ ch'ao chau chau chao chao chau chaur chao chaw ʈʂʰɑʊ
ㄓㄜ che je je jhe zhe je jer jee jeh ʈʂɤ
ㄔㄜ ch'e che che che che che cher chee cheh ʈʂʰɤ
ㄓㄟ chei jei jei jhei zhei jei jeir jeei jey ʈʂeɪ
ㄓㄣ chen jen jen jhen zhen jen jern jeen jenn ʈʂən
ㄔㄣ ch'en chen chen chen chen chen chern cheen chenn ʈʂʰən
ㄓㄥ cheng jeng jeng jheng zheng jeng jerng jeeng jenq ʈʂɤŋ
ㄔㄥ ch'eng cheng cheng cheng cheng cheng cherng cheeng chenq ʈʂʰɤŋ
ㄐㄧ chi ji ji ji ji ji jyi jii jih tɕi
ㄑㄧ ch'i chi chi ci qi chi chyi chii chih tɕʰi
ㄐㄧㄚ chia jia jya jia jia jia jya jea jiah tɕja
ㄑㄧㄚ ch'ia chia chya cia qia chia chya chea chiah tɕʰja
ㄐㄧㄤ chiang jiang jyang jiang jiang jiang jyang jeang jianq tɕjɑŋ
ㄑㄧㄤ ch'iang chiang chyang ciang qiang chiang chyang cheang chianq tɕʰjɑŋ
ㄐㄧㄠ chiao jiau jyau jiao jiao jiau jyau jeau jiaw tɕjɑʊ
ㄑㄧㄠ ch'iao chiau chyau ciao qiao chiau chyau cheau chiaw tɕʰjɑʊ
ㄐㄧㄝ chieh jie jye jie jie jie jye jiee jieh tɕjɛ
ㄑㄧㄝ ch'ieh chie chye cie qie chie chye chiee chieh tɕʰjɛ
ㄐㄧㄢ chien jian jyan jian jian jian jyan jean jiann tɕjɛn
ㄑㄧㄢ ch'ien chian chyan cian qian chian chyan chean chiann tɕʰjɛn
chih jr jr jhih zhi jy jyr jyy jyh ʈʂɨ
ch'ih chr chr chih chi chy chyr chyy chyh ʈʂʰɨ
ㄐㄧㄣ chin jin jin jin jin jin jyn jiin jinn tɕin
ㄑㄧㄣ ch'in chin chin cin qin chin chyn chiin chinn tɕʰin
ㄐㄧㄥ ching jing jing jing jing jing jyng jiing jinq tɕiŋ
ㄑㄧㄥ ch'ing ching ching cing qing ching chyng chiing chinq tɕʰiŋ
ㄐㄧㄡ chiu jiou jyou jiou jiu jiou jyou jeou jiow tɕjoʊ
ㄑㄧㄡ ch'iu chiou chyou ciou qiu chiou chyou cheou chiow tɕʰjoʊ
ㄐㄩㄥ chiung jiung jyung jyong jiong jiong jyong jeong jionq tɕjʊŋ
ㄑㄩㄥ ch'iung chiung chyung cyong qiong chiong chyong cheong chionq tɕʰjʊŋ
ㄓㄨㄛ cho juo jwo jhuo zhuo juo jwo juoo juoh ʈʂwɔ
ㄔㄨㄛ ch'o chuo chwo chuo chuo chuo chwo chuoo chuoh ʈʂʰwɔ
ㄓㄡ chou jou jou jhou zhou jou jour joou jow ʈʂoʊ
ㄔㄡ ch'ou chou chou chou chou chou chour choou chow ʈʂʰoʊ
ㄓㄨ chu ju ju jhu zhu ju jwu juu juh ʈʂu
ㄔㄨ ch'u chu chu chu chu chu chwu chuu chuh ʈʂʰu
ㄓㄨㄚ chua jua jwa jhua zhua jua jwa joa juah ʈʂwa
ㄔㄨㄚ ch'ua chua chwa chua chua chua chuar chuaa chuah ʈʂʰwa
ㄓㄨㄞ chuai juai jwai jhuai zhuai juai jwai joai juay ʈʂwaɪ
ㄔㄨㄞ ch'uai chuai chwai chuai chuai chuai chwai choai chuay ʈʂʰwaɪ
ㄓㄨㄢ chuan juan jwan jhuan zhuan juan jwan joan juann ʈʂwan
ㄔㄨㄢ ch'uan chuan chwan chuan chuan chuan chwan choan chuann ʈʂʰwan
ㄓㄨㄤ chuang juang jwang jhuang zhuang juang jwang joang juanq ʈʂwɑŋ
ㄔㄨㄤ ch'uang chuang chwang chuang chuang chuang chwang choang chuanq ʈʂʰwɑŋ
ㄓㄨㄟ chui juei jwei jhuei zhui juei jwei joei juey ʈʂweɪ
ㄔㄨㄟ ch'ui chuei chwei chuei chui chuei chwei choei chuey ʈʂʰweɪ
ㄓㄨㄣ chun juen jwen jhun zhun juen jwen joen juenn ʈʂwən
ㄔㄨㄣ ch'un chuen chwen chun chun chuen chwen choen chuenn ʈʂʰwən
ㄓㄨㄥ chung jung jung jhong zhong jong jorng joong jonq ʈʂʊŋ
ㄔㄨㄥ ch'ung chung chung chong chong chong chorng choong chonq ʈʂʰʊŋ
ㄐㄩ chü jiu jyu jyu ju jiu jyu jeu jiuh tɕy
ㄑㄩ ch'ü chiu chyu cyu qu chiu chyu cheu chiuh tɕʰy
ㄐㄩㄢ chüan jiuan jywan jyuan juan jiuan jyuan jeuan jiuann tɕɥœn
ㄑㄩㄢ ch'üan chiuan chywan cyuan quan chiuan chyuan cheuan chiuann tɕʰɥœn
ㄐㄩㄝ chüeh jiue jywe jyue jue jiue jyue jeue jiueh tɕɥœ
ㄑㄩㄝ ch'üeh chiue chywe cyue que chiue chyue cheue chiueh tɕʰɥœ
ㄐㄩㄣ chün jiun jyun jyun jun jiun jyun jeun jiunn tɕyn
ㄑㄩㄣ ch'ün chiun chyun cyun qun chiun chyun cheun chiunn tɕʰyn
e e e e e e er ee eh ɤ
ei ei ei ei ei ei eir eei ey
en en en en en en ern een enn ən
erh er er er er el erl eel ell ɑɻ
ㄈㄚ fa fa fa fa fa fa far faa fah fa
ㄈㄢ fan fan fan fan fan fan farn faan fann fan
ㄈㄤ fang fang fang fang fang fang farng faang fanq fɑŋ
ㄈㄟ fei fei fei fei fei fei feir feei fey feɪ
ㄈㄣ fen fen fen fen fen fen fern feen fenn fən
ㄈㄥ feng feng feng fong feng feng ferng feeng fenq fɤŋ
ㄈㄛ fo fo fwo fo fo fo for foo foh fwɔ
ㄈㄡ fou fou fou fou fou fou four foou fow foʊ
ㄈㄨ fu fu fu fu fu fu fwu fuu fuh fu
ㄏㄚ ha ha ha ha ha ha har haa hah xa
ㄏㄞ hai hai hai hai hai hai hair hae hay xaɪ
ㄏㄢ han han han han han han harn haan hann xan
ㄏㄤ hang hang hang hang hang hang harng haang hanq xɑŋ
ㄏㄠ hao hau hau hao hao hau haur hao haw xɑʊ
ㄏㄟ hei hei hei hei hei hei heir heei hey xeɪ
ㄏㄣ hen hen hen hen hen hen hern heen henn xən
ㄏㄥ heng heng heng heng heng heng herng heeng henq xɤŋ
ㄏㄜ ho he he he he he her hee heh
ㄏㄡ hou hou hou hou hou hou hour hoou how xoʊ
ㄒㄧ hsi shi syi si xi shi shyi shii shih ɕi
ㄒㄧㄚ hsia shia sya sia xia shia shya shea shiah ɕja
ㄒㄧㄤ hsiang shiang syang siang xiang shiang shyang sheang shianq ɕjɑŋ
ㄒㄧㄠ hsiao shiau syau siao xiao shiau shyau sheau shiaw ɕjɑʊ
ㄒㄧㄝ hsieh shie sye sie xie shie shye shiee shieh ɕjɛ
ㄒㄧㄢ hsien shian syan sian xian shian shyan shean shiann ɕjɛn
ㄒㄧㄣ hsin shin syin sin xin shin shyn shiin shinn ɕin
ㄒㄧㄥ hsing shing sying sing xing shing shyng shiing shinq ɕiŋ
ㄒㄧㄡ hsiu shiou syou siou xiu shiou shyou sheou shiow ɕjoʊ
ㄒㄩㄥ hsiung shiung syung syong xiong shiong shyong sheong shionq ɕjʊŋ
ㄒㄩ hsü shiu syu syu xu shiu shyu sheu shiuh ɕy
ㄒㄩㄢ hsüan shiuan sywan syuan xuan shiuan shyuan sheuan shiuann ɕɥœn
ㄒㄩㄝ hsüeh shiue sywe syue xue shiue shyue sheue shiueh ɕɥœ
ㄒㄩㄣ hsün shiun syun syun xun shiun shyun sheun shiunn ɕyn
ㄏㄨ hu hu hu hu hu hu hwu huu huh xu
ㄏㄨㄚ hua hua hwa hua hua hua hwa hoa huah xwa
ㄏㄨㄞ huai huai hwai huai huai huai hwai hoai huay xwaɪ
ㄏㄨㄢ huan huan hwan huan huan huan hwan hoan huann xwan
ㄏㄨㄤ huang huang hwang huang huang huang hwang hoang huanq xwɑŋ
ㄏㄨㄟ hui huei hwei huei hui huei hwei hoei huey xweɪ
ㄏㄨㄣ hun huen hwen hun hun huen hwen hoen huenn xwən
ㄏㄨㄥ hung hung hung hong hong hong horng hoong honq xʊŋ
ㄏㄨㄛ huo huo hwo huo huo huo hwo huoo huoh xwɔ
i yi yi yi yi i yi yii yih i
ㄖㄢ jan ran ran ran ran rhan ran raan rann ʐan
ㄖㄤ jang rang rang rang rang rhang rang raang ranq ʐɑŋ
ㄖㄠ jao rau rau rao rao rhau rau rao raw ʐɑʊ
ㄖㄜ je re re re re rhe re ree reh ʐɤ
ㄖㄣ jen ren ren ren ren rhen ren reen renn ʐən
ㄖㄥ jeng reng reng reng reng rheng reng reeng renq ʐɤŋ
jih r r rih ri rhy ry ryy ryh ʐɨ
ㄖㄨㄛ jo ruo rwo ruo ruo rhuo ruo ruoo ruoh ʐwɔ
ㄖㄡ jou rou rou rou rou rhou rou roou row ʐoʊ
ㄖㄨ ju ru ru ru ru rhu ru ruu ruh ʐu
ㄖㄨㄢ juan ruan rwan ruan ruan rhuan ruan roan ruann ʐwan
ㄖㄨㄟ jui ruei rwei ruei rui rhuei ruei roei ruey ʐweɪ
ㄖㄨㄣ jun ruen rwun run run rhuen ruen roen ruenn ʐwən
ㄖㄨㄥ jung rung rung rong rong rhong rong roong ronq ʐʊŋ
ㄍㄚ ka ga ga ga ga ga gar gaa gah ka
ㄎㄚ k'a ka ka ka ka ka kar kaa kah kʰa
ㄍㄞ kai gai gai gai gai gai gair gae gay kaɪ
ㄎㄞ k'ai kai kai kai kai kai kair kae kay kʰaɪ
ㄍㄢ kan gan gan gan gan gan garn gaan gann kan
ㄎㄢ k'an kan kan kan kan kan karn kaan kann kʰan
ㄍㄤ kang gang gang gang gang gang garng gaang ganq kɑŋ
ㄎㄤ k'ang kang kang kang kang kang karng kaang kanq kʰɑŋ
ㄍㄠ kao gau gau gao gao gau gaur gao gaw kɑʊ
ㄎㄠ k'ao kau kau kao kao kau kaur kao kaw kʰɑʊ
ㄍㄟ kei gei gei gei gei gei geir geei gey keɪ
ㄎㄟ k'ei kei kei kei kei kei keir keei key kʰeɪ
ㄍㄣ ken gen gen gen gen gen gern geen genn kən
ㄎㄣ k'en ken ken ken ken ken kern keen kenn kʰən
ㄍㄥ keng geng geng geng geng geng gerng geeng genq kɤŋ
ㄎㄥ k'eng keng keng keng keng keng kerng keeng kenq kʰɤŋ
ㄍㄜ ko ge ge ge ge ge ger gee geh
ㄎㄜ k'o ke ke ke ke ke ker kee keh kʰɤ
ㄍㄡ kou gou gou gou gou gou gour goou gow koʊ
ㄎㄡ k'ou kou kou kou kou kou kour koou kow kʰoʊ
ㄍㄨ ku gu gu gu gu gu gwu guu guh ku
ㄎㄨ k'u ku ku ku ku ku kwu kuu kuh kʰu
ㄍㄨㄚ kua gua gwa gua gua gua gwa goa guah kwa
ㄎㄨㄚ k'ua kua kwa kua kua kua kwa koa kuah kʰwa
ㄍㄨㄞ kuai guai gwai guai guai guai gwai goai guay kwaɪ
ㄎㄨㄞ k'uai kuai kwai kuai kuai kuai kwai koai kuay kʰwaɪ
ㄍㄨㄢ kuan guan gwan guan guan guan gwan goan guann kwan
ㄎㄨㄢ k'uan kuan kwan kuan kuan kuan kwan koan kuann kʰwan
ㄍㄨㄤ kuang guang gwang guang guang guang gwang goang guanq kwɑŋ
ㄎㄨㄤ k'uang kuang kwang kuang kuang kuang kwang koang kuanq kʰwɑŋ
ㄍㄨㄟ kuei guei gwei guei gui guei gwei goei guey kweɪ
ㄎㄨㄟ k'uei kuei kwei kuei kui kuei kwei koei kuey kʰweɪ
ㄍㄨㄣ kun guen gwun gun gun guen gwen goen guenn kwən
ㄎㄨㄣ k'un kuen kwen kun kun kuen kwen koen kuenn kʰwən
ㄍㄨㄥ kung gung gung gong gong gong gorng goong gonq kʊŋ
ㄎㄨㄥ k'ung kung kung kong kong kong korng koong konq kʰʊŋ
ㄍㄨㄛ kuo guo gwo guo guo guo gwo guoo guoh kwɔ
ㄎㄨㄛ k'uo kuo kwo kuo kuo kuo kwo kuoo kuoh kʰwɔ
ㄌㄚ la la la la la lha la laa lah la
ㄌㄞ lai lai lai lai lai lhai lai lae lay laɪ
ㄌㄢ lan lan lan lan lan lhan lan laan lann lan
ㄌㄤ lang lang lang lang lang lhang lang laang lanq lɑŋ
ㄌㄠ lao lau lau lao lao lhau lau lao law lɑʊ
ㄌㄜ le le le le le lhe le lee leh
ㄌㄟ lei lei lei lei lei lhei lei leei ley leɪ
ㄌㄥ leng leng leng leng leng lheng leng leeng lenq lɤŋ
ㄌㄧ li li li li li lhi li lii lih li
ㄌㄧㄚ lia lia lya lia lia lhia lia lea liah lja
ㄌㄧㄤ liang liang lyang liang liang lhiang liang leang lianq ljɑŋ
ㄌㄧㄠ liao liau lyau liao liao lhiau liau leau liaw ljɑʊ
ㄌㄧㄝ lieh lie lye lie lie lhie lie liee lieh ljɛ
ㄌㄧㄢ lien lian lyan lian lian lhian lian lean liann ljɛn
ㄌㄧㄣ lin lin lin lin lin lhin lin liin linn lin
ㄌㄧㄥ ling ling ling ling ling lhing ling liing linq liŋ
ㄌㄧㄡ liu liou lyou liou liu lhiou liou leou liow ljoʊ
ㄌㄛ lo lo lo lo lo lo lor loo loh
ㄌㄨㄛ lo luo lwo luo luo lhuo luo luoo luoh lwɔ
ㄌㄡ lou lou lou lou lou lhou lou loou low loʊ
ㄌㄨ lu lu lu lu lu lhu lu luu luh lu
ㄌㄨㄢ luan luan lwan luan luan lhuan luan loan luann lwan
ㄌㄨㄣ lun luen lwun lun lun lhuen luen loen luenn lwən
ㄌㄨㄥ lung lung lung long long lhong long loong lonq lʊŋ
ㄌㄩ liu lyu lyu lhiu liu leu liuh ly
ㄌㄩㄝ lüeh liue lywe lyue lüe lhiue liue leue liueh lɥœ
ㄌㄩㄣ lün liun lyun lyun lün lhiun liun leun liunn lyn
ㄇㄚ ma ma ma ma ma mha ma maa mah ma
ㄇㄞ mai mai mai mai mai mhai mai mae may maɪ
ㄇㄢ man man man man man mhan man maan mann man
ㄇㄤ mang mang mang mang mang mhang mang maang manq mɑŋ
ㄇㄠ mao mau mau mao mao mhau mau mao maw mɑʊ
ㄇㄜ me me me me me mhe me mee meh
ㄇㄟ mei mei mei mei mei mhei mei meei mey meɪ
ㄇㄣ men men men men men mhen men meen menn mən
ㄇㄥ meng meng meng meng meng mheng meng meeng menq mɤŋ
ㄇㄧ mi mi mi mi mi mhi mi mii mih mi
ㄇㄧㄠ miao miau myau miao miao mhiau miau meau miaw mjɑʊ
ㄇㄧㄝ mieh mie mye mie mie mhie mie miee mieh mjɛ
ㄇㄧㄢ mien mian myan mian mian mhian mian mean miann mjɛn
ㄇㄧㄣ min min min min min mhin min miin minn min
ㄇㄧㄥ ming ming ming ming ming mhing ming miing minq miŋ
ㄇㄧㄡ miu miou myou miou miu mhiou miou meou miow mjoʊ
ㄇㄛ mo mo mwo mo mo mho mo moo moh mwɔ
ㄇㄡ mou mou mou mou mou mhou mou moou mow moʊ
ㄇㄨ mu mu mu mu mu mhu mu muu muh mu
ㄋㄚ na na na na na nha na naa nah na
ㄋㄞ nai nai nai nai nai nhai nai nae nay naɪ
ㄋㄢ nan nan nan nan nan nhan nan naan nann nan
ㄋㄤ nang nang nang nang nang nhang nang naang nanq nɑŋ
ㄋㄠ nao nau nau nao nao nhau nau nao naw nɑʊ
ㄋㄜ ne ne ne ne ne nhe ne nee neh
ㄋㄟ nei nei nei nei nei nhei nei neei ney neɪ
ㄋㄣ nen nen nen nen nen nhen nen neen nenn nən
ㄋㄥ neng neng neng neng neng nheng neng neeng nenq nɤŋ
ㄋㄧ ni ni ni ni ni nhi ni nii nih ni
ㄋㄧㄚ nia nia nya nia nia nia niar niaa niah nja
ㄋㄧㄤ niang niang nyang niang niang nhiang niang neang nianq njɑŋ
ㄋㄧㄠ niao niau nyau niao niao nhiau niau neau niaw njɑʊ
ㄋㄧㄝ nieh nie nye nie nie nhie nie niee nieh njɛ
ㄋㄧㄢ nien nian nyan nian nian nhian nian nean niann njɛn
ㄋㄧㄣ nin nin nin nin nin nhin nin niin ninn nin
ㄋㄧㄥ ning ning ning ning ning nhing ning niing ninq niŋ
ㄋㄧㄡ niu niou nyou niou niu nhiou niou neou niow njoʊ
ㄋㄨㄛ no nuo nwo nuo nuo nhuo nuo nuoo nuoh nwɔ
ㄋㄡ nou nou nou nou nou nhou nou noou now noʊ
ㄋㄨ nu nu nu nu nu nhu nu nuu nuh nu
ㄋㄨㄢ nuan nuan nwan nuan nuan nhuan nuan noan nuann nwan
ㄋㄨㄣ nun nuen nwen nun nun nhuen nuen noen nuenn nwən
ㄋㄨㄥ nung nung nung nong nong nhong nong noong nonq nʊŋ
ㄋㄩ niu nyu nyu nhiu niu neu niuh ny
ㄋㄩㄝ nüeh niue nywe nyue nüe nhiue niue neue niueh nɥœ
ou ou ou ou ou ou our oou ow
ㄅㄚ pa ba ba ba ba ba bar baa bah pa
ㄆㄚ p'a pa pa pa pa pa par paa pah pʰa
ㄅㄞ pai bai bai bai bai bai bair bae bay paɪ
ㄆㄞ p'ai pai pai pai pai pai pair pae pay pʰaɪ
ㄅㄢ pan ban ban ban ban ban barn baan bann pan
ㄆㄢ p'an pan pan pan pan pan parn paan pann pʰan
ㄅㄤ pang bang bang bang bang bang barng baang banq pɑŋ
ㄆㄤ p'ang pang pang pang pang pang parng paang panq pʰɑŋ
ㄅㄠ pao bau bau bao bao bau baur bao baw pɑʊ
ㄆㄠ p'ao pau pau pao pao pau paur pao paw pʰɑʊ
ㄅㄟ pei bei bei bei bei bei beir beei bey peɪ
ㄆㄟ p'ei pei pei pei pei pei peir peei pey pʰeɪ
ㄅㄣ pen ben ben ben ben ben bern been benn pən
ㄆㄣ p'en pen pen pen pen pen pern peen penn pʰən
ㄅㄥ peng beng beng beng beng beng berng beeng benq pɤŋ
ㄆㄥ p'eng peng peng peng peng peng perng peeng penq pʰɤŋ
ㄅㄧ pi bi bi bi bi bi byi bii bih pi
ㄆㄧ p'i pi pi pi pi pi pyi pii pih pʰi
ㄅㄧㄠ piao biau byau biao biao biau byau beau biaw pjɑʊ
ㄆㄧㄠ p'iao piau pyau piao piao piau pyau peau piaw pʰjɑʊ
ㄅㄧㄝ pieh bie bye bie bie bie bye biee bieh pjɛ
ㄆㄧㄝ p'ieh pie pye pie pie pie pye piee pieh pʰjɛ
ㄅㄧㄢ pien bian byan bian bian bian byan bean biann pjɛn
ㄆㄧㄢ p'ien pian pyan pian pian pian pyan pean piann pʰjɛn
ㄅㄧㄣ pin bin bin bin bin bin byn biin binn pin
ㄆㄧㄣ p'in pin pin pin pin pin pyn piin pinn pʰin
ㄅㄧㄥ ping bing bing bing bing bing byng biing binq piŋ
ㄆㄧㄥ p'ing ping ping ping ping ping pyng piing pinq pʰiŋ
ㄅㄛ po bo bwo bo bo bo bor boo boh pwɔ
ㄆㄛ p'o po pwo po po po por poo poh pʰwɔ
ㄆㄡ p'ou pou pou pou pou pou pour poou pow pʰoʊ
ㄅㄨ pu bu bu bu bu bu bwu buu buh pu
ㄆㄨ p'u pu pu pu pu pu pwu puu puh pʰu
ㄙㄚ sa sa sa sa sa sa sar saa sah sa
ㄙㄞ sai sai sai sai sai sai sair sae say saɪ
ㄙㄢ san san san san san san sarn saan sann san
ㄙㄤ sang sang sang sang sang sang sarng saang sanq sɑŋ
ㄙㄠ sao sau sau sao sao sau saur sao saw sɑʊ
ㄙㄜ se se se se se se ser see seh
ㄙㄟ sei sei sei sei sei sei seir seei sey seɪ
ㄙㄣ sen sen sen sen sen sen sern seen senn sən
ㄙㄥ seng seng seng seng seng seng serng seeng senq sɤŋ
ㄕㄚ sha sha sha sha sha sha shar shaa shah ʂa
ㄕㄞ shai shai shai shai shai shai shair shae shay ʂai
ㄕㄢ shan shan shan shan shan shan sharn shaan shann ʂan
ㄕㄤ shang shang shang shang shang shang sharng shaang shanq ʂɑŋ
ㄕㄠ shao shau shau shao shao shau shaur shao shaw ʂɑʊ
ㄕㄜ she she she she she she sher shee sheh ʂɤ
ㄕㄟ shei shei shei shei shei shei sheir sheei shey ʂeɪ
ㄕㄣ shen shen shen shen shen shen shern sheen shenn ʂən
ㄕㄥ sheng sheng sheng sheng sheng sheng sherng sheeng shenq ʂɤŋ
shih shr shr shih shi shy shyr shyy shyh ʂɨ
ㄕㄡ shou shou shou shou shou shou shour shoou show ʂoʊ
ㄕㄨ shu shu shu shu shu shu shwu shuu shuh ʂu
ㄕㄨㄚ shua shua shwa shua shua shua shwa shoa shuah ʂwa
ㄕㄨㄞ shuai shuai shwai shuai shuai shuai shwai shoai shuay ʂwaɪ
ㄕㄨㄢ shuan shuan shwan shuan shuan shuan shwan shoan shuann ʂwan
ㄕㄨㄤ shuang shuang shwang shuang shuang shuang shwang shoang shuanq ʂwɑŋ
ㄕㄨㄟ shui shuei shwei shuei shui shuei shwei shoei shuey ʂweɪ
ㄕㄨㄣ shun shuen shwun shun shun shuen shwen shoen shuenn ʂwən
ㄕㄨㄥ shung shung shung shong shong shong shorng shoong shonq ʂʊŋ
ㄕㄨㄛ shuo shuo shwo shuo shuo shuo shwo shuoo shuoh ʂwɔ
ㄙㄨㄛ so suo swo suo suo suo swo suoo suoh swɔ
ㄙㄡ sou sou sou sou sou sou sour soou sow soʊ
ssu sz sz sih si sy syr syy syh
ㄙㄨ su su su su su su swu suu suh su
ㄙㄨㄢ suan suan swan suan suan suan swan soan suann swan
ㄙㄨㄟ sui suei swei suei sui suei swei soei suey sweɪ
ㄙㄨㄣ sun suen swen sun sun suen swen soen suenn swən
ㄙㄨㄥ sung sung sung song song song sorng soong sonq sʊŋ
ㄉㄚ ta da da da da da dar daa dah ta
ㄊㄚ t'a ta ta ta ta ta tar taa tah tʰa
ㄉㄞ tai dai dai dai dai dai dair dae day taɪ
ㄊㄞ t'ai tai tai tai tai tai tair tae tay tʰaɪ
ㄉㄢ tan dan dan dan dan dan darn daan dann tan
ㄊㄢ t'an tan tan tan tan tan tarn taan tann tʰan
ㄉㄤ tang dang dang dang dang dang darng daang danq tɑŋ
ㄊㄤ t'ang tang tang tang tang tang tarng taang tanq tʰɑŋ
ㄉㄠ tao dau dau dao dao dau daur dao daw tɑʊ
ㄊㄠ t'ao tau tau tao tao tau taur tao taw tʰɑʊ
ㄉㄜ te de de de de de der dee deh
ㄊㄜ t'e te te te te te ter tee teh tʰɤ
ㄉㄟ tei dei dei dei dei dei deir deei dey teɪ
ㄉㄣ ten den den den den den dern deen denn tən
ㄉㄥ teng deng deng deng deng deng derng deeng denq tɤŋ
ㄊㄥ t'eng teng teng teng teng teng terng teeng tenq tʰɤŋ
ㄉㄧ ti di di di di di dyi dii dih ti
ㄊㄧ t'i ti ti ti ti ti tyi tii tih tʰi
ㄉㄧㄤ tiang diang dyang diang diang diang dyang deang dianq tjɑŋ
ㄉㄧㄠ tiao diau dyau diao diao diau dyau deau diaw tjɑʊ
ㄊㄧㄠ t'iao tiau tyau tiao tiao tiau tyau teau tiaw tʰjɑʊ
ㄉㄧㄝ tieh die dye die die die dye diee dieh tjɛ
ㄊㄧㄝ t'ieh tie tye tie tie tie tye tiee tieh tʰjɛ
ㄉㄧㄢ tien dian dyan dian dian dian dyan dean diann tjɛn
ㄊㄧㄢ t'ien tian tyan tian tian tian tyan tean tiann tʰjɛn
ㄉㄧㄥ ting ding ding ding ding ding dyng diing dinq tiŋ
ㄊㄧㄥ t'ing ting ting ting ting ting tyng tiing tinq tʰiŋ
ㄉㄧㄡ tiu diou dyou diou diu diou dyou deou diow tjoʊ
ㄉㄨㄛ to duo dwo duo duo duo dwo duoo duoh twɔ
ㄊㄨㄛ t'o tuo two tuo tuo tuo two tuoo tuoh tʰwɔ
ㄉㄡ tou dou dou dou dou dou dour doou dow toʊ
ㄊㄡ t'ou tou tou tou tou tou tour toou tow tʰoʊ
ㄗㄚ tsa tza dza za za tza tzar tzaa tzah tsa
ㄘㄚ ts'a tsa tsa ca ca tsa tsar tsaa tsah tsʰa
ㄗㄞ tsai tzai dzai zai zai tzai tzair tzae tzay tsaɪ
ㄘㄞ ts'ai tsai tsai cai cai tsai tsair tsae tsay tsʰaɪ
ㄗㄢ tsan tzan dzan zan zan tzan tzarn tzaan tzann tsan
ㄘㄢ ts'an tsan tsan can can tsan tsarn tsaan tsann tsʰan
ㄗㄤ tsang tzang dzang zang zang tzang tzarng tzaang tzanq tsɑŋ
ㄘㄤ ts'ang tsang tsang cang cang tsang tsarng tsaang tsanq tsʰɑŋ
ㄗㄠ tsao tzau dzau zao zao tzau tzaur tzao tzaw tsɑʊ
ㄘㄠ ts'ao tsau tsau cao cao tsau tsaur tsao tsaw tsʰɑʊ
ㄗㄜ tse tze dze ze ze tze tzer tzee tzeh tsɤ
ㄘㄜ ts'e tse tse ce ce tse tser tsee tseh tsʰɤ
ㄗㄟ tsei tzei dzei zei zei tzei tzeir tzeei tzey tseɪ
ㄗㄣ tsen tzen dzen zen zen tzen tzern tzeen tzenn tsən
ㄘㄣ ts'en tsen tsen cen cen tsen tsern tseen tsenn tsʰən
ㄗㄥ tseng tzeng dzeng zeng zeng tzeng tzerng tzeeng tzenq tsɤŋ
ㄘㄥ ts'eng tseng tseng ceng ceng tseng tserng tseeng tsenq tsʰɤŋ
ㄗㄨㄛ tso tzuo dzwo zuo zuo tzuo tzwo tzuoo tzuoh tswɔ
ㄘㄨㄛ ts'o tsuo tswo cuo cuo tsuo tswo tsuoo tsuoh tsʰwɔ
ㄗㄡ tsou tzou dzou zou zou tzou tzour tzoou tzow tsoʊ
ㄘㄡ ts'ou tsou tsou cou cou tsou tsour tsoou tsow tsʰoʊ
ㄗㄨ tsu tzu dzu zu zu tzu tzwu tzuu tzuh tsu
ㄘㄨ ts'u tsu tsu cu cu tsu tswu tsuu tsuh tsʰu
ㄗㄨㄢ tsuan tzuan dzwan zuan zuan tzuan tzwan tzoan tzuann tswan
ㄘㄨㄢ ts'uan tsuan tswan cuan cuan tsuan tswan tsoan tsuann tsʰwan
ㄗㄨㄟ tsui tzuei dzwei zuei zui tzuei tzwei tzoei tzuey tsweɪ
ㄘㄨㄟ ts'ui tsuei tswei cuei cui tsuei tswei tsoei tsuey tsʰweɪ
ㄗㄨㄣ tsun tzuen dzwen zun zun tzuen tzwen tzoen tzuenn tswən
ㄘㄨㄣ ts'un tsuen tswen cun cun tsuen tswen tsoen tsuenn tsʰwən
ㄗㄨㄥ tsung tzung dzung zong zong tzong tzorng tzoong tzonq tsʊŋ
ㄘㄨㄥ ts'ung tsung tsung cong cong tsong tsorng tsoong tsonq tsʰʊŋ
ㄉㄨ tu du du du du du dwu duu duh tu
ㄊㄨ t'u tu tu tu tu tu twu tuu tuh tʰu
ㄉㄨㄢ tuan duan dwan duan duan duan dwan doan duann twan
ㄊㄨㄢ t'uan tuan twan tuan tuan tuan twan toan tuann tʰwan
ㄉㄨㄟ tui duei dwei duei dui duei dwei doei duey tweɪ
ㄊㄨㄟ t'ui tuei twei tuei tui tuei twei toei tuey tʰweɪ
ㄉㄨㄣ tun duen dwen dun dun duen dwen doen duenn twən
ㄊㄨㄣ t'un tuen twen tun tun tuen twen toen tuenn tʰwən
ㄉㄨㄥ tung dung dung dong dong dong dorng doong donq tʊŋ
ㄊㄨㄥ t'ung tung tung tong tong tong torng toong tonq tʰʊŋ
tzu tz dz zih zi tzy tzyr tzyy tzyh tsɯ
tz'u tsz tsz cih ci tsy tsyr tsyy tsyh tsʰɯ
ㄨㄚ wa wa wa wa wa ua wa waa wah wa
ㄨㄞ wai wai wai wai wai uai wai woai way waɪ
ㄨㄢ wan wan wan wan wan uan wan woan wann wan
ㄨㄤ wang wang wang wang wang uang wang woang wanq wɑŋ
ㄨㄟ wei wei wei wei wei uei wei woei wey weɪ
ㄨㄣ wen wen wen wun wen uen wen woen wenn wən
ㄨㄥ weng weng weng wong weng ueng weng woeng wenq wɤŋ
ㄨㄛ wo wo wo wo wo uo wo woo woh
wu wu wu wu wu u wu wuu wuh u
ㄧㄚ ya ya ya ya ya ia ya yea yah ja
ㄧㄢ yan yan yan yan yan ian yan yean yann jɛn
ㄧㄤ yang yang yang yang yang iang yang yeang yanq jɑŋ
ㄧㄠ yao yau yau yao yao iau yau yeau yaw jɑʊ
ㄧㄝ yeh ye ye ye ye ie ye yee yeh
ㄧㄣ yin yin yin yin yin in yn yiin yinn in
ㄧㄥ ying ying ying ying ying ing yng yiing yinq
ㄧㄡ yu you you you you iou you yeou yow yoʊ
ㄩㄥ yung yung yung yong yong iong yong yeong yonq yʊŋ
yu yu yu yu iu yu yeu yuh y
ㄩㄢ yüan yuan ywan yuan yuan iuan yuan yeuan yuann ɥœn
ㄩㄝ yüeh yue ywe yue yue iue yue yeue yueh ɥœ
ㄩㄣ yün yun yun yun yun iun yun yeun yunn yn

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