Constitution of Brazil
|Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil|
File:Constituição de 1988 do Brasil no Museu do STF.jpg|
The original copy of the Constitution
|Ratified||October 5, 1988|
|Author(s)||1988 Constituent Assembly|
|“||We, the representatives of the Brazilian People, assembled in the National Constituent Assembly to institute a Democratic State for the purpose of ensuring the exercise of social and individual rights, liberty, security, well being, development, equality and justice as supreme values of a fraternal, pluralist and unprejudiced society, based on social harmony and committed, in the internal and international spheres, to the peaceful solution of disputes, promulgate, under the protection of God, this Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil.||”|
 Title 1 is devoted to the fundamental principles of the Republic.
This section comprises the base of the Republic, stating the States, the cities and the Federal District as the indissoluble constituents of the Union. It also establishes three independent, harmonic branches (Executive, Legislative and Judiciary) and lists the nations's main goals.
One of the most important excerpts from this title is in Article 1, single paragraph, stating:
|“||All power emanates from the People, who exercise it through elected representatives or directly, under this Constitution.||”|
Title 2 states the Fundamental Safeguards.
This chapter ensures basic rights to all citizens and aliens, prohibits capital punishment, defines citizenship requirements, political rights, among other regulations.
Title 3 regulates the State Organization.
This title establishes Brasília as the Nation's capital, the rights and duties for the Union, the States and the Cities, as well rules for the public staff.
Title 4 disposes about the branches of government.
This chapter describes the attributes for every government branch, and the rules for Amendment to the Constitution as well.
Title 5 regulates the Defense of the State and its Democratic Institutions.
This title rules the deployment of the armed forces, the national security baselines, and declaration of state of siege.
Title 6 comprises the Taxation and the nation's Budget.
Such title disposes on tax distribution among the Union components and their competencies, and the Nation's budget.
Title 7 dictates on the economic and financial order.
Title 7 rules the economic activities in the country, the agricultural and urban policies, as well the state monopolies.
- The constitution requires the Brazilian government to "expropriate for the purpose of agrarian reform, rural property that is not performing its social function." (Article 184)
- According to Article 186 of the constitution, the social function is performed when rural property simultaneously meets the following requirements: Rational and adequate use. Adequate use of available natural resources and preservation of the environment. Compliance with the provisions which regulate labor relations. Exploitation which favors the well-being of the owners and workers.
Title 8 disposes about the social order.
This title establishes the Social Security system, Public Health system, Public Pension system, among regulations concerning education, culture, science and technology, and sports policies.
Title 9 encompasses general constitutional dispositions.
Among those, there are sparse regulations, as well as transitional dispositions.
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Constitutions of Brazil.|
- Invalid language code. Constituição da República Federativa do Brasil (full actual text)
- Invalid language code. Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil (English translation)
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