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Crimean wine

The wine industry of Crimea is well-established with long traditions. Several brands of wine from Crimea are exported to bordering countries, the European Union, and North America.

History

A wine culture existed in Crimea already in the 4th century BC, predominantly on the south coast. Presses and amphoras were found from this period. Wine cultivation in the northern part of the country (around Kiev and Chernihiv) however only started in the 11th century by monks.

Under Catherine II. (1729–1796) in 1783 the Crimea became a part of the Russian Empire. Count Mikhail Vorontsov planted the first wine gardens in 1820 and established a large winery near Yalta. The viticulture research institute Magarach was founded then in 1828. The founder of the famous sparkling wines is prince Lev Golitsyn, who for the first time manufactured Russian “Champagner” after the Crimean War (1854 to 1856) on his property Novyi Svet near Yalta. Later, under the last Tzar Nicholas II (1868–1918) the predecessor of Massandra, today's state winery, was founded. During Soviet times Ukraine with Script error: No such module "convert". was the largest supplier of the wines in the USSR. It came to a disaster in 1986: about Script error: No such module "convert". of the vineyards were destroyed, when Soviet premier Mikhail Gorbachev started a campaign against the over consumption of alcohol in USSR. Since 2000 the production as well as the export of the wines increased rapidly.

Varietals

File:Winery caves.jpg
Sparkling wine from Artemivsk caves

The main varietals are Aligoté, Muscat, Isabella, Traminer, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Pinot noir, Pinot gris.[citation needed]

Sparkling wines

Production of sparkling wine like Sovetskoye Shampanskoye ('Soviet Champagne') is increasing. Most of the production is based on Pinot blanc, Aligoté, Riesling and Feteasca.[citation needed]

Special wineries

  • Magarach Wine Institute near Yalta with possibility to sample some of their 20,000 different wines derived from 3,200 vine species.
  • Winery Massandra.

Specialised trade fairs

Notes

References

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