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Cypenamine

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Cypenamine
File:Trans-(±)-Cypenamine Enantiomers Structural Formulae.png
Systematic (IUPAC) name
(±)-trans-2-phenylcyclopentan-1-amine
Clinical data
Identifiers
15301-54-9 7pxY
None
PubChem CID 21786
ChemSpider 20476 7pxY
UNII VP9115827H 7pxY
ChEMBL CHEMBL2110918
Chemical data
Formula C11H15N
161.2435 g/mol
 14pxY (what is this?)  (verify)

Cypenamine, or phenylcyclopentamine, is a stimulant drug developed by a team at the William S. Merrill company in the 1940s.[1] It is currently known only in scientific research and has never been developed for market use. Cypenamine is currently legal throughout the entire world, and though its chemical structure has a vague similarity to certain controlled stimulants like fencamfamine (Glucoenergan, Reactivan), it is likely that it is too distant for it to be considered an illicit analogue under the United States (U.S.) Federal Analogue Act (FAA) of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA).

Stereochemistry

2-Phenylcyclopentan-1-amine is a compound with two stereocenters. Thus, the following two enantiomeric pairs may exist:

  • (1RS,2SR)-trans-2-phenylcyclopentan-1-amine
  • (1RS,2RS)-cis-2-phenylcyclopentan-1-amine

The racemate (±)-trans-2-phenylcyclopentan-1-amine [1:1 mixture of (1R,2S)-trans-2-phenylcyclopentan-1-amine (box, left) and (1S,2R)-trans-2-phenylcyclopentan-1-amine (box, right)] is the active ingredient of cypenamine.[2] Furthermore, the kinetic resolution of (±)-trans-2-phenylcyclopentan-1-amine by lipase B from Candida antarctica may effectivily performed by an aminolysis reaction.[2]

Racemic cis-2-phenylcyclopentan-1-amine [1:1 mixture of (1R,2R)-cis-2-phenylcyclopentan-1-amine and (1S,2S)-cis-2-phenylcyclopentan-1-amine] has found no pharmacological application.[citation needed]

Homology

Cypenamine is a homolog of tranylcypromine, containing an expanded alicyclic ring that is two methylene units larger than the highly strained/reactive cyclopropane. The cyclohexane homologue has been reported, although the LD50s were all less than for plain amphetamine, it was still a functional stimulant.[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ US patent 2520516, van Zoeren, G. J., "Cyclic Amines and Method of Making Them", issued 1950-08-29 
  2. ^ a b González-Sabín, J.; Gotor, V.; Rebolledo, F. (2004). "Kinetic resolution of (±)-trans- und (±)-cis-phenylcyclopentanamine by CALB-catalyzed aminolysis of esters: The key role of the leaving group". Tetrahedron:Asymmetry 15 (3): 481–488. doi:10.1016/j.tetasy.2003.11.013.