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Cytidine monophosphate

Cytidine monophosphate
Skeletal formula of cytidine monophosphate as an anion (1- charge)
Space-filling model of the cytidine monophosphate molecule as anion (2- charge)
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IUPAC name
[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(4-Amino-2-oxopyrimidin-1-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methyl dihydrogen phosphate
Other names
Cytidylic acid; 5'-Cytidylic acid; Cytidine 5'-monophosphate; Cytidine 5'-phosphate; Cytidylate; 5'-CMP
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63-37-6 7pxY
ChEBI CHEBI:17361 7pxY
ChEMBL ChEMBL307679 7pxY
ChemSpider 5901 7pxY
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem Template:Chembox PubChem/format
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C9H14N3O8P
Molar mass Lua error in Module:Math at line 495: attempt to index field 'ParserFunctions' (a nil value). g·mol−1
Acidity (pKa) 0.8, 4.5, 6.3
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 14pxY verify (what is10pxY/10pxN?)
Infobox references

Cytidine monophosphate, also known as 5'-cytidylic acid or simply cytidylate, and abbreviated CMP, is a nucleotide that is used as a monomer in RNA.[1] It is an ester of phosphoric acid with the nucleoside cytidine. CMP consists of the phosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase cytosine; hence, a ribonucleoside monophosphate. As a substituent it takes the form of the prefix cytidylyl-.

Metabolism

CMP can be phosphorylated to cytidine diphosphate by the enzyme CMP kinase, with adenosine triphosphate or guanosine triphosphate donating the phosphate group. Since cytidine triphosphate is generated by amination of uridine triphosphate, the main source of CMP is from RNA being decomposed by RNAse.

See also

References

  1. ^ Pascal JM (February 2008). "DNA and RNA ligases: structural variations and shared mechanisms". Curr. Opin. Struct. Biol. 18 (1): 96–105. PMID 18262407. doi:10.1016/j.sbi.2007.12.008. 

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