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D

This article is about the letter of the alphabet. For other uses, see D (disambiguation).
For technical reasons, "D#" redirects here. For D-sharp, see D♯ (disambiguation).
For technical reasons, ":D" redirects here. For the "very happy face" symbol, see Emoticon.

Template:Latin letter info

D (named dee /ˈd/[1]) is the fourth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

History

Egyptian hieroglyph 
door
Phoenician
daleth
Greek
Delta
Etruscan 
D
Roman
D
<hiero>O31</hiero> 35px

The Semitic letter Dāleth may have developed from the logogram for a fish or a door. There are various Egyptian hieroglyphs that might have inspired this. In Semitic, Ancient Greek and Latin, the letter represented /d/; in the Etruscan alphabet the letter was superfluous but still retained (see letter B). The equivalent Greek letter is Delta, Δ.

The minuscule (lower-case) form of 'd' consists of a loop and a tall vertical stroke. It developed by gradual variations on the majuscule (capital) form. In handwriting, it was common to start the arc to the left of the vertical stroke, resulting in a serif at the top of the arc. This serif was extended while the rest of the letter was reduced, resulting in an angled stroke and loop. The angled stroke slowly developed into a vertical stroke.

Usage

File:Boundary stone on the Demeljoch - 2.jpg
The letter D, standing for "Deutschland", i.e. Germany in German, on a boundary stone at the border between Austria and Germany.

In nearly all languages that use the Latin alphabet and the International Phonetic Alphabet 'd' represents the voiced alveolar or voiced dental plosive /d/, but in the Vietnamese alphabet, it represents the sound /z/ (or /j/ in southern dialects). In Fijian it represents a prenasalized stop /nd/.[2] In some languages where voiceless unaspirated stops contrast with voiceless aspirated stops, 'd' represents an unaspirated /t/, while 't' represents an aspirated /tʰ/. Examples of such languages include Icelandic, Scottish Gaelic, Navajo and the Pinyin transliteration of Mandarin.

The symbol "D" is used for 500 in Roman numerals.

Related letters and other similar characters

Computing codes

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. align=center #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Unicode name || colspan=2 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.LATIN CAPITAL LETTER D || colspan=2 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.  LATIN SMALL LETTER D#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. style="text-align:left;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.EBCDIC family || Template:Charmap/altdec || C4 || Template:Charmap/altdec || 84 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. style="text-align:left;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ASCII1 || Template:Charmap/altdec || 44 || Template:Charmap/altdec || 64
Character colspan=2 style="font-size: 150%" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. D
colspan=2 style="font-size: 150%" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. d
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 68 U+0044 100 U+0064
UTF-8 68 44 100 64
Numeric character reference &#68; &#x44; &#100; &#x64;
1 Also for encodings based on ASCII, including the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 and Macintosh families of encodings.

Other representations

In British Sign Language (BSL), the letter 'd' is indicated by signing with the right hand held with the index and thumb extended and slightly curved, and the tip of the thumb and finger held against the extended index of the left hand.

References

  1. ^ "D" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "dee", op. cit.
  2. ^ Lynch, John (1998). Pacific languages: an introduction. University of Hawaii Press. p. 97. ISBN 0-8248-1898-9. 

External links

  • 16x16px Media related to D at Wikimedia Commons
  • 16x16px The dictionary definition of D at Wiktionary
  • 16x16px The dictionary definition of d at Wiktionary