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Dacian fortress of Covasna

32px Dacian fortress of Covasna
Known also as Cetatea Zânelor, Fairies Fortress
Location
Coordinates

45°51′N 26°12′E / 45.85°N 26.20°E / 45.85; 26.20Coordinates: 45°51′N 26°12′E / 45.85°N 26.20°E / 45.85; 26.20{{#coordinates:45.85|26.20|type:landmark_region:RO|||||| |primary |name=

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Place name Dealul Florilor
Town Covasna
County Covasna
Country 23x15px Romania
Reference
RO-LMI CV-I-s-A-13058 [1]
RO-RAN 63535.01 [2]
Site notes
Recognition 20px National Historical Monument
Condition Ruined
Excavation dates
Archaeologists
  • Al. Ferenczi [3]
  • Constantin Daicoviciu [3]
  • V. Sârbu [3]
  • V. Crișan [3]
  • The Dacian fortress of Covasna County served as a Dacian fortified town and is rated to have been built in the 1st century BC. It sits on a mountain in the Orastie Mountains above the town of Covasna, which is 227 km from the capital of Bucharest.[4] The fortress is also known by the name of the Fairies Fortress, sitting atop of the Valley of Fairies.[5]

    Construction

    The fortress consisted of a number of terraced fortifications sitting at an altitude of about 900 m above sea level with a command of the areas around south-east Transylvania, south Moldavia and east Wallachia. In all the fortress covered an area of 10,000 m2. A number of defensive buildings were built as well as religious sites and the terraces had the effect of blocking and hampering advancing armies as they were bolstered by 1.5 m to 2 m high and 2m to 2.5 m thick solid sandstone slab walls.[3]

    The first terrace was 3,000 m2 while the second was 3,700 m2 and the third 150 m2. Each was fortified by walls. Excavations lead to the possibility of other terraces further down.[3]

    The main acropolis was situated at the base of the plateau was a 700 m2 circular solid stone building.[3]

    Conquering

    The fortress is assumed to have been a Dacian haven for over two centuries until the Roman-Draco wars of the 2nd Century AD.[6]

    Excavation

    Three major excavation works have happened here through the last century:[3]

    • Al. Ferenczi (1942 - 1943)
    • C. Daicoviciu (1949)
    • V. Sârbu and V. Crisan, 1998

    External links

    References

    1. ^ "National Register of Historic Monuments in Romania, Covasna County" (PDF). www.inmi.ro. Retrieved 15 October 2012. 
    2. ^ "National Archaeological Record (RAN)". ran.cimec.ro. Retrieved 15 October 2012. 
    3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k ""The Fairies' Fortress", Covasna county". www.cimec.ro. Retrieved 15 October 2012. 
    4. ^ "get to know the hidden Romania". romania-insider.com. Retrieved 15 October 2012. 
    5. ^ "Covasna". www.romaniantourism.com. Retrieved 15 October 2012. 
    6. ^ "Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie Mountains". UNESCO. Retrieved 15 October 2012. 


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