David Bennett McKinley (born March 28, 1947) is an American politician who has been the U.S. Representative for West Virginia's 1st congressional district since 2011. He is a member of the Republican Party. McKinley was a member of the West Virginia House of Delegates from 1981 to 1994, and he was Chairman of the West Virginia Republican Party from 1990 to 1994.
Early life, education, and business career
After graduating with his B.S. degree in engineering from Purdue University, McKinley worked as a civil engineer for 12 years until founding his own firm, McKinley and Associates, based in Wheeling. The 40-member firm has been involved in $1 billion in construction projects over the past 30 years. Many of McKinley's projects have been government-funded, which has made for an uneasy peace between McKinley and his 'tea-party' constituents.
McKinley represented the 3rd District in the West Virginia House of Delegates from 1981 until 1994. He was a fiscal conservative, opposing virtually every state budget during his 14 years as a lawmaker.
From 1990 to 1994, McKinley was chairman of the West Virginia Republican Party. As chairman, he was very critical of West Virginia's two Democratic senators. In 1991, he criticized U.S. Senator Jay Rockefeller for running for president against President George H. W. Bush. In 1994, he criticized U.S. Senator Robert Byrd for opposing a Balanced Budget Amendment.
U.S. House of Representatives
McKinley decided to run in West Virginia's 1st congressional district. The Democratic incumbent, Alan Mollohan, lost the Democratic primary to moderate State Senator Mike Oliverio. McKinley won the six-candidate Republican primary field with 35% of the vote. Mac Warner ranked second with 27% of the vote and State Senator Sarah Minear ranked third with 21% of the vote.
David McKinley received many endorsements during his 2010 campaign, including Parkersburg News, National Right to Life, the West Virginians for Life PAC, the National Federation of Independent Business, House Republicans Fund, West Virginia Farm Bureau, and the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers.
McKinley ran for re-election in 2012 in the newly redrawn 1st district. He faced Democratic candidate Sue Thorn, a former community organizer, in the general election. On November 6, 2012, McKinley defeated Thorn 62%-38%, winning every county in the district.
McKinley defeated the Democratic nominee, West Virginia State Auditor Glen Gainer III in the general election 64%-36%.
McKinley has broken ranks with the Republican majority a few times in his tenure in Congress. In April 2011, McKinley was one of only four Republican members of Congress to vote against the Republican budget proposal of 2012. He explained "As it relates to the Medicare, I applaud what Paul Ryan was trying to do, because we need to have an adult conversation about it. The Congressional Budget Office determined that some of the out-of-pocket costs could double for seniors and that sent up a red flag for me that we need to look at it."
In October 2011, he was the only Republican to vote against all three of the trade deals passed by Congress: Panama, Colombia, and South Korea. He said “Free trade deals like NAFTA and CAFTA have been nothing more than broken promises that shipped our jobs overseas, and I won’t vote for any free trade agreements unless they’re fair to my constituents.”
McKinley has expressed concern over the "unchecked spending" of the United States, which he says results in us being "beholden to countries like China and Japan who own a significant amount of our debt."
David McKinley is an active supporter of the Coal Miner Employment and Domestic Energy Infrastructure Protection Act. Also known as the Stop the War on Coal Act, fights to protect American jobs and prevents against future legislation from being passed that would reduce mining jobs. McKinley believes, "The constant attacks on coal have to stop."  McKinley was one of 233 representatives who were in favor of the act that passed earlier this year in September 2012. Also, McKinley feels, “Our job creators need a consistent and predictable regulatory program that will protect jobs we have and create new one.”  McKinley strongly supports keeping jobs in America and protecting workers rights.
- Gun Control
McKinley is a strong supporter of the notion that people should be allowed to carry a concealed weapon. McKinley has been consistent in his voting patterns regarding gun control and continued this trend when voting yes to Requiring State Reciprocity for Carrying Concealed Firearms. He has received an “A” rating from the National Rifle Association this past year. In 2012 the NRA is one of McKinley’s main endorsers.
- Abortion Issue
McKinley is a supporter of the Pro-Life movement. He believes, "The use of federal funds to pay for ending the life of an unborn child is appalling.”  Since he contains this set of beliefs he voted for the passing of the District of Columbia Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act in July 2012, which did not pass. This act would prohibit an abortion in the District of Columbia. McKinley consistently votes in support of the Pro-Life movement. Therefore, the National Right to Life Committee gave McKinley an “A” rating for his constant support in 2011- Present.
- Climate Change
In May 2014, McKinley offered an amendment to the Howard P. "Buck" McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 that bars the Department of Defense from using funds to assess climate change and its implications for national security.  This despite a Department of Defense report that found that climate change impacts are threat multipliers, and that the rapid rise of global temperatures and associated extreme weather events could "exacerbate conditions that enable terrorist activity and other forms of violence." The amendment passed on a near party-line vote.
On May 23, 2013, McKinley introduced the Better Buildings Act of 2014 (H.R. 2126; 113th Congress) into the United States House of Representatives. The bill would amend federal law aimed at improving the energy efficiency of commercial office buildings. The bill would also create a program called "Tenant Star" similar to the existing Energy Star program. McKinley argued in favor of the bill, saying that "finding ways to use energy efficiently is common sense. We ought to be promoting efficiency as a way to save energy, money and create jobs."
- Committee on Energy and Commerce
- International Conservation Caucus
- Marcellus Shale Caucus (Founder)
- Tea Party Caucus
- Congressional Arts Caucus
David McKinley is a seventh-generation resident of Wheeling, West Virginia and father of four children. He has six grandchildren. His wife, Mary, has been a critical care nurse for 39 years. She holds a master’s degree in nursing.
- "Past Projects". McKinley & Associates. Archived from the original on 2012-12-29. Retrieved 2012-12-29.
- [dead link]
- McNulty, Timothy (2010-10-11). "Democrat tries to hold on in W.Va. House race". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
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- "Point Pleasant Register – Google News Archive Search". News.google.com. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
- "Williamson Daily News – Google News Archive Search". News.google.com. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
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- "WV SOS – Elections". Apps.sos.wv.gov. 2010-05-11. Retrieved 2010-10-23.
- "Our Campaigns – WV District 1 – R Primary Race – May 11, 2010". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
- "David McKinley – Parkersburg News and Sentinel". NewsandSentinel.com. 2010-04-19. Retrieved 2010-10-23.
- "Pro-Life Group Supports McKinley". Theintelligencer.net. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
- "NFIB-endorsed candidates for federal and state elections". Nfib.com. Retrieved 2010-10-23.
- "House conservatives fund". Houseconservatives.com. Retrieved 2010-10-23.
- "West Virginia Farm Bureau". Wvfarm.org. Retrieved 2010-10-23.
- "International brotherhood of electrical workers". Ibew.org. Retrieved 2010-10-23.
- Miller, Tom (November 6, 2010). "Election showed modest gains for GOP in W.Va.". The Herald-Dispatch.
- "Our Campaigns – WV – District 01 Race – Nov 02, 2010". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
- "Our Campaigns – WV – District 01 Race – Nov 06, 2012". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
- Livingston, Abby (25 February 2013). "McKinley Opts Not to Run Against Capito". RollCall.com (Roll Call). Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- "McKinley won't take on Capito in 2014 Senate race". The Charleston Gazette. February 22, 2013. Retrieved December 31, 2014.
- "Final vote results for roll call 277". Clerk of the House of Representatives. 2011-04-15. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- [dead link]
- "Trade Votes Signal GOP Evolution". Rollcall.com. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
- Kevin Bogardus. "Tea Party buys in to trade". TheHill. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
- "Election Candidate Profile". Election Candidates. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
- "Congressman David McKinley : Press Releases :". Mckinley.house.gov. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
- "Congress.gov". Thomas.loc.gov. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
- [dead link]
- "House Directs Pentagon To Ignore Climate Change". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
- "CBO – H.R. 2126". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
- Howard, Bryan (30 January 2014). "House committee clears important legislation for commercial tenants". U.S. Green Building Council. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
- "House committee approves 'Better Buildings Act'". American Chemistry. 30 January 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
- Congressman David McKinley official U.S. House site
- David McKinley for Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- David McKinley at DMOZ
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from West Virginia's 1st congressional district
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|United States Representatives by seniority
| Succeeded by|
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