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Dax, Landes

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Coordinates: 43°43′N 1°03′W / 43.71°N 1.05°W / 43.71; -1.05Coordinates: 43°43′N 1°03′W / 43.71°N 1.05°W / 43.71; -1.05{{#coordinates:43.71|-1.05|type:city(19515)_region:FR|||||| |primary |name= }}</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Country</th><td> France</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Region</th><td> Aquitaine</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Department</th><td> Landes</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Arrondissement</th><td> Dax</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Canton</th><td> Dax</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Intercommunality</th><td> Grand Dax</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left">Government</th></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Mayor (2008–2014]) </th><td> Gabriel Bellocq</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Area1</th><td> 19.70 km2 (7.61 sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Population (1999)2</th><td> 19,515</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Density</th><td> 990/km2 (2,600/sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">INSEE/Postal code</th><td class="adr"> 40088 / 40100</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Elevation</th><td> Script error: No such module "convert".
(avg. Script error: No such module "convert".)</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left; font-size:smaller"> 1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.</td></tr></table>

Dax (Template:IPA-fr; Dacs in Occitan) is a commune in Aquitaine in south-western France, sub-prefecture of the Landes department.

It is particularly famous as a spa, specialising in mud treatment for rheumatism and similar ailments.

It is also a market town, former bishopric and busy local centre, especially for the Chalosse area.

File:Dax place cathédrale.jpg
Place de la cathédrale.

History

It was first established by the Romans, and its reputation is supposed to date from a visit by Julia, the daughter of the first Emperor Octavian Augustus. Its Roman name was Civitas Aquensium. In the Middle Ages, it was administered by viscounts until 1177. With the acquisition of Aquitaine by Henry II Plantagenet, later King of England, Dax remained under the English rule until 1451, when it was conquered by the French troops before the end of the Hundred Years' War. It successfully withstood a Spanish siege in 1521-1522.

Later Dax kept its tradition as a renowned spa site.

Main sights

  • Roman archaeological crypt, including the foundations of a Roman temple from the second century AD.
  • Remains of the Gallic-Roman walls (4th century)
  • Cathedral of Notre-Dame Ste-Marie
  • Church of Saint-Vincent-de-Xaintes.
  • Fontaine Chaude ("Hot Fountain").

Twin towns

Notable people

See also

Notes

  1. ^ New York Times obit

References

External links

Dax
La Fontaine Chaude
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