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Open Access Articles- Top Results for Derek Hodgkinson

Derek Hodgkinson

For the Manchester City footballer, see Derek Hodgkinson (footballer).
William Derek Hodgkinson
Nickname(s) "Big S" (Stalag Luft III)
Born 27 December 1917
Prestbury, Cheshire, England
Died 29 January 2010 (aged 92)
Hampshire
Allegiance 23x15px United Kingdom
Service/branch 22x20px Royal Air Force
Years of service 1936–1976
Rank Air Chief Marshal
Unit No. 220 Squadron
Commands held No. 210 Squadron
No. 240 Squadron
RAF St Mawgan
Near East Air Force
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knights Commander of the Order of the Bath
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Distinguished Flying Cross
Air Force Cross

Air Chief Marshal Sir William Derek Hodgkinson, KCB, DFC, AFC (27 December 1917 – 29 January 2010), commonly known as Sir Derek Hodgkinson, was a bomber pilot in the Royal Air Force during World War II, who was shot down and spent time in Stalag Luft III as "Big S", responsible for the security of the escape committee.[1]

Early life

Born near Prestbury, Cheshire, and educated in Repton, Hodginson took a short service commission with the RAF in 1936, first flying the Avro Anson multi-role aircraft for RAF Coastal Command[2] and then the American-built Hudson medium-level bomber with No. 220 Squadron RAF.[3]

World War II

When war was declared, Hodgkinson was responsible for patrolling the English Channel from Heligoland Bight to Stavanger, which included patrols during the Dunkirk evacuation. Hodgkinson was awarded the DFC for shooting down a Heinkel HE115 float plane.[2] He then became an instructor with the Operational Training Unit (OTU), where in 1942, as a Squadron Leader, Hodkinson was selected to form part of "Bomber" Harris's 1,000 bomber raids over Germany.

The city of Bremen was attacked on the night of June 25 and Hodkinson's Hudson was shot down by a night fighter on the return trip over the Dutch coast. The crew, except Hodgkinson and his navigator were killed.[1] Wounded, Hodgkinson was taken to a hospital as a prisoner of war.

He was later transferred to Stalag Luft III, where he was made responsible for security under the leader of the escape committee "Big X". Stalag Luft III was made famous by the daring mass breakout through tunnels depicted in the film The Great Escape. After several unsuccessful escape attempts, the camp was evacuated ahead of the Russian advance of January 1945 and the prisoners marched Script error: No such module "convert". through severe winter weather to the naval PoW camp near Bremen.[2] They were again transferred to Hamburg where they were liberated by the British in April 1945.

Post-war service

After the war, Hodgkinson was appointed Officer Commanding No. 210 Squadron and then joined the Directing Staff at the Australian Joint Anti-Submarine School before becoming Officer Commanding No. 240 Squadron in 1957.[3] He was appointed Station Commander at RAF St Mawgan in Cornwall in 1958[3] before joining the staff of Lord Louis Mountbatten, then Chief of the Defence Staff, in 1961.[3] Following this, he attended the Imperial Defence College[3] and then became Commandant at the RAF Staff College in 1965[3] before becoming Assistant Chief of the Air Staff responsible for operational requirements,[3] the role that made him famous for a report detailing the career structure for RAF officers and recommending a meritocracy over the existing class structure,[4] in 1966.[3] Hodgkinson also had a leading role in the development of modern front-line aircraft and equipment, most notably the Panavia Tornado.[4] He went on to be Senior Air Staff Officer at Headquarters Training Command in 1969[3] and was then appointed as Commander-in-Chief Near East Air Force (including responsibility for British Forces Cyprus and Administration of the Sovereign Base Areas) in 1970[3] before finishing his career as Air Secretary in 1973[3] responsible for overseeing cutbacks caused by the withdrawal from the Far East and the Persian Gulf in the 1970s.[4] He retired in May 1976.[3]

Family

In 1939 he married Heather Goodwin; they had a son, Richard born in 1946, and a daughter Elizabeth born in 1949.[4][5]

References

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Denis Smallwood
Commander-in-Chief Near East Air Force
Commander British Forces Cyprus

1970–1973
Succeeded by
Sir John Aiken
Preceded by
Sir John Barraclough
Air Secretary
1973–1976
Succeeded by
Sir Neville Stack