|Destrin (actin binding protein)|
|Locus||Chr. 20 p12.1|
The product of this gene belongs to the actin-binding proteins ADF (Actin-Depolymerizing Factor)/cofilin family. This family of proteins is responsible for enhancing the turnover rate of actin in vivo. This gene encodes the actin depolymerizing protein that severs actin filaments (F-actin) and binds to actin monomers (G-actin). Two transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene.
The tertiary structure of destrin was determined by the use of triple-resonance multidimensional nuclear magnetic resonance, NMR. The secondary and tertiary structures of destrin are similar to the gelsolin family which is another actin-regulating protein family.
There are three ordered layers to destrin which is a globular protein. There is a central β sheet that is composed of one parallel strand and three antiparallel strands. This β sheet is between a long α helix along with a shorter one and two shorter helices on the opposite side. The four helices are parallel to the β strands.
In a variety of eukaryotes, destrin regulates actin in the cytoskeleton. Destrin binds actin and is thought to connect it as gelsolin segment-1 does. Furthermore, the binding of actin by destrin and cofilin is regulated negatively by phosphorylation. Destrin can also sever actin filaments. 
- PDB 1AK6; Hatanaka H, Ogura K, Moriyama K, Ichikawa S, Yahara I, Inagaki F (June 1996). "Tertiary structure of destrin and structural similarity between two actin-regulating protein families". Cell 85 (7): 1047–55. PMID 8674111. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(00)81305-7.
- "Entrez Gene: Destrin".
- Hawkins M, Pope B, Maciver SK, Weeds AG (September 1993). "Human actin depolymerizing factor mediates a pH-sensitive destruction of actin filaments". Biochemistry 32 (38): 9985–93. PMID 8399167. doi:10.1021/bi00089a014.
- Deloukas P, Matthews LH, Ashurst J et al. (2001). "The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 20". Nature 414 (6866): 865–71. PMID 11780052. doi:10.1038/414865a.
- Destrin at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
- Ramachandran Plot for destrin: "MolProbity Ramachandran analysis for 1ak6" (PDF). www.rcsb.org.